Que signifie le statut 'En attente du conseiller/gérant' à côté de ma demande de retrait?

Overview: 

Dans la section Historique de transaction de la Gestion de compte, les comptes clients qui sont connectés et ont fait une demande de retrait peuvent voir leur statut indiquer "En attente du conseiller/gérant".

 

Information

Dans la structure des comptes de gérants, les clients peuvent faire une demande de retrait en se connectant à la Gestion de compte, tout comme n'importe quel compte individuel. Une fois la demande de retrait effectuée par un compte client, le gérant doit consentir à la demande. Si le gérant ne donne pas son accord, le retrait sera tout de même traité mais il faudra compter un délai de trois jours ouvrables.

Étapes de confirmation par le gérant

Une fois la demande de retrait soumise par un compte client, le gérant recevra une notification par e-mail indiquant qu'un client a demandé un retrait. Afin de donner son consentement, le gérant doit se connecter à la Gestion de compte et se rendre dans la section Gérer clients puis sur le Tableau de bord et l'onglet des Éléments en attente. Le gérant cliquera sur le bouton "Consentir" afin qu'il soit procédé au traitement de la demande de retrait en attente.

Remarque concernant les délais de détention

Afin de garantir un traitement aussi rapide que possible des demandes de retrait des clients, la période de détention lorsque le montant de la demande est supérieure à 80% du montant disponible pour un retrait sera celle consentie par le gérant ou une période de 3 jours calendaires, selon le délai le plus court. Pour les montants représentant moins de 80%, la période de détention sera celle consentie par le gérant ou le jour ouvrable suivant.

Ces délais permettent de veiller à ce que votre gérant soit informé de votre demande de retrait et qu'il dispose d'un délai pour mettre les fonds à disposition, le cas échéant.

 

 

South African Rand (ZAR) - Onshore/Offshore

Overview: 

Explanation of Onshore/Offshore South African Rand (ZAR)

Background

The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) has currency exchange control rules in place for South African residents. A South African resident is a person (i.e. a natural person, body corporate, foundation, trust or partnership) whether of South African or any other nationality who has taken up residence, is domiciled or registered in the Republic of South Africa (RSA). A resident account is also the account of persons resident, domiciled or registered in the Common Monetary Area (CMA). The CMA comprises of the Republic of South Africa, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland. There are no exchange control restrictions between the members of the CMA and they form a single exchange control territory.

The rules stipulate that there is a yearly limit placed on the amount of ZAR that can be taken out of the country by South African residents – i.e. taken "Offshore". ZAR that remain in South Africa are deemed “Onshore”.

Each resident can take the following amounts offshore per calendar year:

  • ZAR 1 million can be taken offshore as a “Single Discretionary Allowance”
  • ZAR 10 million can be taken offshore as an “Foreign Capital Allowance”

Only institutions licensed as “Authorised Dealers” (AD) are able to send ZAR outside of South Africa and so offshore. An AD is responsible for reporting the offshoring of any ZAR to the SARB. As a result, residents sending ZAR offshore must accurately state the purpose for which the ZAR is being sent. Residents must receive approval from an AD before they are able to send any ZAR offshore. Prior to taking ZAR offshore as part of the Foreign Capital Allowance, residents must also have additional clearance from the SA tax authorities.

The full exchange control rulebook from the SARB can be found here: https://www.resbank.co.za/RegulationAndSupervision/FinancialSurveillanceAndExchangeControl/EXCMan/Pages/default.aspx

Current Situation

Our cashiering account is a non-resident account. Therefore, we are permitted to:

  • Receive deposits in ZAR from other non-resident accounts.
  • Disburse ZAR from our cashiering account to non-resident accounts.
  • Receive deposits from accounts of South African residents.
  • Disburse ZAR to accounts of South African residents.
     

Margin Considerations for IB LLC Commodities Accounts

Introduction
As a global broker offering futures trading in 19 countries, IB is subject to various regulations, some of which retain the concept of margin as a single, end of day computation as opposed to the continuous, real-time computations IB performs. To satisfy commodity regulatory requirements and manage economic exposure in a pragmatic fashion, two margin computations are performed at the market close, both which must be met to remain fully margin compliant. An overview of these computations is outlined below.

Overview
All orders are subject to an initial margin check prior to execution and continuous maintenance margin checks thereafter. As certain products may be offered intraday margin at rates less than the exchange minimum and to ensure end of day margin compliance overall, IB will generally liquidate positions prior to the close rather than issue a margin call. If, however, an account remains non-compliant at the close, our practice is to issue a margin call, restrict the account to margin reducing transactions and liquidate positions by the close of the 3rd business day if the initial requirement has not then been satisfied.

In determining whether a margin call is required, IB performs both a real-time and regulatory computation, which in certain circumstances, can generate different results:

Real-Time: under this method, initial margin is computed using positions and prices collected at a common point in time, regardless of a product’s listing exchange and official closing time; an approach we believe appropriate given the near continuous trading offered by most exchanges.

Regulatory: under this method, initial margin is computed using positions and prices collected at the official close of regular trading hours for each individual exchange. So, for example, a client trading futures listed on each of the Hong Kong, EUREX and CME exchanges would have a requirement calculated based upon information collected at the close of each respective exchange.
 

Impact
Clients trading futures listed within a single country and session are not expected to be impacted. Clients trading both the daytime and after hours sessions of a given exchange or on exchanges located in different countries where the closing times don’t align are more likely to be impacted. For example, a client opening a futures contract during the Hong Kong daytime session and closing it during U.S. hours, would have only the opening position considered for purposes of determining the margin requirement. This implies a different margin requirement and a possible margin call under the revised computation that may not have existed under the current.  An example of this is provided in the chart below.
 

Example

This example attempts to demonstrate how a client trading futures in both the Asia and U.S. timezones would be impacted were that client to trade in an extended hours trading session (i.e., outside of the regular trading hours after which the day's official close had been determined).  Here, the client opens a position during the Hong Kong regular hours trading session, closes it during the extended hours session, thereby freeing up equity to open a position in the U.S. regular hours session. For purposes of illustration, a $1,000 trading loss is assumed. This example illustrates that the regulatory end of day computation may not recognize margin reducing trades conducted after the official close, thereby generating an initial margin call.

Day Time (ET) Event

Start Position

End Position IB Margin Regulatory Margin
Equity With Loan Maintenance Initial Overnight Margin Call
1 22:00 Buy 1 HHI.HK None Long 1 HHI.HK $10,000 $3,594 $4,493 N/A N/A
2 04:30 Official HK Close Long 1 HHI.HK Long 1 HHI.HK $10,000 $7,942 $9,927 $4,493 N/A
2 08:00 Sell 1 HHI.HK Long 1 HHI.HK None $9,000 $0 $0 $0 N/A
2 10:00 Buy 1 ES None Long 1 ES $9,000 $2,942 $3,677 N/A N/A
2 17:00 Official U.S. Close Long 1 ES Long 1 ES $9,000 $5,884 $7,355 $9,993 Yes
3 17:00 Official U.S. Close Long 1 ES Long 1 ES $9,000 $5,884 $7,355 $5,500 No

 

Bienvenue chez Interactive Brokers

Overview: 

Maintenant que votre compte est approvisionné et approuvé, vous pouvez commencer à trader. Les informations ci-dessous vous aideront à démarrer en tant que nouveau client d'Interactive Brokers.

  1. Votre argent
  2. Configurer votre compte pour le trading
  3. Comment trader
  4. Trader à travers le monde
  5. Cinq rappels pour tirer pleinement parti de nos services

 1. Votre argent

Dépôts et retraits  Informations générales. Toutes les transactions sont gérées par le biais de votre  Gestion de compte sécurisée.
Dépôts
Tout d'abord, vous créez une notification de dépôt depuis Gestion de compte> Approvisionnement > Transferts de fonds > Type de transactions : “Dépôt” Comment créer une notification de dépôt. La seconde étape consiste à demander à votre banque d'effectuer un virement en utilisant les coordonnées bancaires fournies dans votre Notification de dépôt.
Retraits
Créez une instruction de dépôt via Gestion de compte > Approvisionnement > Transfert de fonds > Type de transaction : "Retraits" Comment créer des instructions de retrait
Si vous demandez un retrait dépassant les limites de retrait, il sera considéré comme un retrait exceptionnel et par conséquent, le détenteur du compte et le compte IB devront être les mêmes. Si le compte bancaire du destinataire a été utilisé pour un dépôt, le retrait sera traité. Dans le cas contraire, vous devez contacter le service clientèle et fournir les documents requis.
Résolution de problèmes
Dépôts : ma banque m'a envoyé de l'argent mais je ne vois pas ce montant crédité sur mon compte IB.

Raisons possibles :
a) Un transfert d'argent prend entre 1 et 4 jours ouvrés
b) La notification de dépôt est manquante. Vous devez la créer via votre Gestion de compte et envoyer un ticket au service clientèle
c) Les informations de modification sont manquantes. Votre nom ou le numéro de compte IB ne sont pas indiqués dans les informations de transfert. Vous devez contacter votre banque et demander les informations complètes.
d) La compensation par ACH initiée par IB est limitée à 100k USD par périodes de 7 jours. Si vous avez ouvert un compte Portfolio Margin avec une exigence de dépôt minimum de 110k, un virement est sans doute la meilleure option pour réduire le temps d'attente avant votre première transaction. Si vous avez opté pour une compensation par ACH, un temps d'attente de presque 2 semaines est à prévoir. Une autre solution est d'utiliser temporairement un compte RegT.

Retraits : J'ai demandé un retrait mais je ne vois pas cet argent crédité sur mon compte bancaire.

Raisons possibles :

a) Un transfert de fonds prend entre 1 à 4 jours ouvrés
b) Rejet. Le montant demandé excède le montant maximum disponible. Veuillez vérifier le solde de votre compte. Veuillez noter que conformément aux exigences réglementaires, lorsque les fonds sont déposés, ils doivent être détenus pendant une période de 3 jours avant qu'ils ne soient disponibles.

c) Votre banque a retourné les fonds. La raison en est sans doute que les noms du compte bancaire destinataire et émetteur ne correspondent pas.

2. Configurez votre compte pour le trading

Différence entre un compte de marge et un compte au comptant : si vous avez choisi de faire une demande d'ouverture de compte FastTrack, le type de compte par défaut est un compte au comptant avec autorisations de trading d'actions américaines. Si vous souhaitez trader avec un effet de levier et réaliser des opérations sur marge, voici comment faire une demande de compte de marge Reg T.


Autorisations de trading

Afin de trader une classe d'actifs particulière dans un pays donné, vous devez obtenir les autorisations de trading via votre Gestion de compte. Veuillez noter que les autorisations de trading sont obtenues gratuitement. Il vous sera par contre demandé de signer des clauses d'informations du risque conformément à la réglementation imposée par les organismes régulateurs du pays. Comment demander des autorisations de trading
Données de marché

Si vous voulez recevoir des données de marché en temps réel pour un produit ou une Bourse en particulier, vous devez vous abonner à une des liasses de données de marché qui sont facturées par la Bourse.  Comment s'abonner aux données de marché

L'assistant de données de marché vous aidera à choisir la bonne liasse. Consultez la vidéo vous expliquant leur fonctionnement.
Les clients ont la possibilité de recevoir gratuitement des données de marché en différé en cliquant sur le bouton correspondant aux données gratuites en différé sur une ligne de symbole pour laquelle ils n'ont pas de souscription.

Comptes gérants indépendants

Jetez un oeil à notre guide  "Comment commencer en tant que gérant indépendant". Vous trouverez ici des informations sur la manière de créer des utilisateurs supplémentaires sur votre compte de gérant et comment leur conférer des droits d'accès.

3. Comment trader

L'Academie du trading est le lieu où vous apprendrez comment utiliser nos plateformes. Vous y trouverez nos webinaires, live ou enregistrés dans 10 langues différentes, ainsi que de la documentation sur nos différentes plateformes de trading.

Trader Workstation (TWS)

Les traders qui ont besoin d'outils de trading plus sophistiqués peuvent utiliser notre Trader Workstation (TWS). Élaborée pour les teneurs de marché, cette plateforme vous propose une interface tableur qui prend en charge plus de soixante types d'ordres, des outils de trading adaptés à toutes les stratégies et un aperçu de votre solde et de vos activités en temps réel, pour trader plus rapidement et plus efficacement.

Essayez nos deux versions :

TWS Mosaic : intuitive, accès simple au trading, gestion des ordres, listes de suivi, graphiques, disponibles dans une fenêtre unique

TWS Classic : une gestion des ordres avancée pour les traders ayant besoin d'outils plus sophistiqués et d'algorithmes.

Description et informations générales / Guide de prise en main rapide / Manuel utilisateur


Visites guidées interactives : Les bases de TWS / Configuration de TWS / TWS Mosaic
Comment passer un ordre :  Vidéo Classic TWS / Vidéo Mosaic
Outils de trading : Description et informations générales / Guide utilisateurs
Conditions préalables : Comment installer Java pour Windows / Comment installer Java pour MAC / Les ports 4000 et 4001 doivent être ouverts
Se connecter à TWS / Télécharger TWS


WebTrader

Les traders qui préfèrent une interface simplifiée peuvent utiliser notre plateforme HTML WebTrader, qui offre une présentation claire et simplifiée des données de marché et vous permet d'envoyer des ordres, de suivre l'évolution de vos comptes et de vos exécutions. Utilisez la dernière version du WebTrader pour votre navigateur

Guide de prise en main rapide / Manuel d'utilisation de WebTrader
Introduction : Vidéo WebTrader
Comment passer un ordre : Vidéo WebTrader
Connexion WebTrader


MobileTrader

Nos solutions mobiles vous permettent de trader sur votre compte IB durant vos déplacements. MobileTWS pour iOS et mobileTWS pour Blackberry sont conçus spécialement pour ces appareils tandis que la version plus générique MobileTrader prend en charge la plupart des autre smartphones.

Description et informations générales

Types d'ordres  Types d'ordres disponibles et descriptions / Vidéos / Visites guidées / Manuel d'utilisation
Trading simulé Description générale et informations  / Comment obtenir un compte de trading simulé
Une fois votre compte de trading simulé créé, les données de marché de votre compte simulé et de votre compte réel seront mises en commun : Gestion de compte > Gérer un compte > Paramètres > Trading simulé

 4. Tradez dans le monde entier

Les comptes IB sont des comptes multi-devises. Votre compte peut contenir différentes devises au même moment. Cela vous permet de trader de multiples produits dans le monde à partir d'un seul compte.

Devise de base

Votre devise de base détermine la devise utilisée sur vos relevés de compte et celle utilisée pour déterminer les exigences de marge. La devise de base est déterminée lorsque vous ouvrez un compte. Les clients peuvent modifier la devise de base à tout moment sur leur Gestion de compte.

Nous ne convertissons pas automatiquement les devises dans votre devise de base

Les conversions de devises doivent être réalisées manuellement par le client. Sur cette vidéo, vous apprendrez comment effectuer une conversion de devise. Afin d'ouvrir une position libellée dans une devise différente de celle utilisée sur votre compte, vous avez deux possibilités :

A) Conversion de la devise
B) Prêt sur marge IB. (Non disponible pour les comptes au comptant)
Ce cours vous explique les mécanismes des transactions Forex. 

5. Rappels utiles

1. Recherche de contrats
Vous trouverez ici tous nos produits, symboles et spécifications.

2. Base de connaissance IB
La base de connaissance est composée d'un glossaire terminologique, de guides pratiques ainsi que de conseils et recommandations en cas de problèmes. Elle vise à aider les clients IB à gérer leurs comptes. Saisissez votre requête dans la fenêtre de recherche et vous obtiendrez une réponse à votre question.

3. Gestion de compte

De la même manière que votre plateforme de trading vous donne accès aux marchés, la Gestion de compte vous permet d'accéder à votre compte IB. Utilisez la Gestion de compte pour gérer les tâches liées à votre compte telles que le retrait ou dépôt de fonds, la consultation de vos relevés, la souscription aux données de marché ou leur modification, les autorisations de trading et la vérification ou modification de vos informations personnelles.

Connexion Gestion de compte / Guide d'utilisation rapide de la Gestion de compte / Guide d'utilisation de la Gestion de compte

4.Systèmes d'accès sécurisé

Afin de vous garantir le plus haut niveau de sécurité en ligne, Interactive Brokers a mis en place une système d'accès sécurisé
(Secure Login System - SLS) par lequel l'accès à votre compte se fait par un processus d'authentification en deux temps. Cette double authentification permet de confirmer votre identité au moment de la connexion de deux manières :   1) Par une information dont vous avez connaissance (votre nom d'utilisateur et mot de passe ); et 2) Par quelque chose que vous possédez (un appareil de sécurité fourni par IB qui génère un code de sécurité aléatoire, valable une seule fois). Votre nom d'utilisateur et mot de passe ainsi que la possession physique de l'appareil étant requis, participer au système d'accès sécurisé élimine la possibilité pour quiconque d'accéder à votre compte.

Comment activer votre appareil de sécurité / Comment obtenir une carte de sécurité / Comment retourner un appareil de sécurité

Si vous oubliez votre mot de passe ou perdez votre carte de sécurité, veuillez nous contacter pour une assistance immédiate.


5. Relevés et rapports

Facile à consulter et à personnaliser, nos relevés et rapports recouvrent tous les aspects de votre compte Interactive Brokers. Comment consulter un relevé d'activités

 

Welcome to Interactive Brokers

Overview: 

Now that your account is funded and approved you can start trading. The information below will help you getting
started as a new customer of Interactive Brokers.

  1. Your Money
  2. Configure your account to trade
  3. How to trade
  4. Trade all over the World
  5. Five points to enrich your IB experience

 

1. Your Money
Deposits & Withdrawals General Info. All transactions are administered through your secure Account Management
Deposits
First, you create a deposit notification through your Account Management > Funding > Fund Transfers > Transaction Type: “Deposit” How to create a deposit notification. The second step is to instruct your Bank to do the wire transfer with the bank details provided in your Deposit Notification.
Withdrawals
Create a withdrawal instruction via your secure Account Management > Funding > Fund Transfers > Transaction Type: "Withdrawals" How to create a withdrawal instruction
If you instruct a withdrawal over the Withdrawal limits, it will be considered an exceptional withdrawal and we will therefore need to match bank account holder and IB account. If destination bank account has been used for a deposit, withdrawal will be processed; otherwise, you must contact customer service and provide the documents needed.
Troubleshooting
Deposits: My bank sent the money but I do not see it credited into my IB account. Possible reasons:
a) A fund transfer takes 1-4 business days
b) A Deposit Notification is missing. You have to create it via your Account Management and send a ticket to Customer Service
c) Amending details are missing. Your name or IB account number is missing in the transfer details. You have to contact your bank and ask for the full amending details.
d) ACH initiated by IB is limited to 100k USD in a 7 business period. If you opened a Portfolio Margin account where the initial requirement is 110k, a wire deposit might be the better deposit option to reduce wait time for your first trade. If selecting ACH a wait time of almost 2 weeks or a temporary downgrade to RegT can be possible solutions.
Withdrawals: I have requested a withdrawal but I do not see the money credited to my bank account. Possible reasons:
a) A fund transfer takes 1-4 business days
b) Rejected. Over the max it can be withdrawn. Please check your account cash balance. Note that for regulatory requirements, when the funds are deposited, there is a 3 day holding period before they can be withdrawn.
c) Your bank returned the funds. Probably because receiving bank account and remitting bank account names do not match.

 

2. Configure your account to trade
Difference between Cash and Margin accounts: If you have chosen the FastTrack application, by default your account type is a cash account with US stock permission. If you would like to get leverage and trade on margin, here how to upgrade to a RegT Margin account
Trading Permissions
In order to be able to trade a particular asset class in a particular country, you need to get the trading permission for it via your Account Management. Please note that trading permissions are free. You might however be asked to sign risk
disclosures required by local regulatory authorities. How to Request Trading Permissions
Market Data
If you want to have market data in real-time for a particular product/exchange, you need to subscribe to a market data package charged by the exchange. How to subscribe to Market data
The Market data assistant will help you choose the right package. Please watch this Video explaining how it works.
Customers have the option to receive delayed market data for free by clicking the Free Delayed Data button from a non-subscribed ticker row.
Advisor Accounts
Have a look at the user guide getting started as advisors. Here you see how to create additional users to your advisor account and grant them access and much more.

 

3. How to trade
The Trader's University is the place to go when you want to learn how to use our Platforms. Here you will find our webinars, live and recorded in 10 languages and tours and documentation about our various Trading Platforms.
Trader Workstation (TWS)
Traders who require more sophisticated trading tools can use our market maker-designed Trader Workstation (TWS), which optimizes your trading speed and efficiency with an easy-to-use spreadsheet interface, support for more than 60 order types, task-specific trading tools for all trading styles, and real-time account balance and activity monitoring. Try the two models
TWS Mosaic: for intuitive usability, easy trading access, order management, watchlist, charts all in one window or
TWS Classic: the Advanced Order Management for traders who need more advanced tools and algos.
General Description and Information / Quick start guide / Usersguide
Interactive Tours: TWS Basics / TWS configuration / TWS Mosaic
How to place a trade:  Video Classic TWS / Video Mosaic
Trading tools: General Description and InformationUsers guide
Requirements: How to install Java for WindowsHow to install Java for MAC / Port 4000 and 4001 needs to be open
Login TWSDownload TWS
WebTrader
Traders who prefer a clean and simple interface can use our HTML-based WebTrader, which makes it easy to view market data, submit orders, and monitor your account and executions. Use the latest WebTrader from every browser
Quick Start Guide / WebTrader User's Guide
Introduction: Video WebTrader
How to place a Trade: Video WebTrader
Login WebTrader
MobileTrader
Our mobile solutions allow you to trade your IB account on the go. The mobileTWS for iOS and the mobileTWS for BlackBerry are custom-designed for these popular models, while the generic MobileTrader supports most other Smart phones.
General Description and Information
Order Types Order Types available and Description / Videos / Tour / Users guide
Paper Trading General Description and Information / How to get a Paper Trading Account
Once your paper account is created, you can share the market data of your real account with your paper trading account: Account Management > Manage Account > Settings > Paper trading

 
4. Trade all over the World
IB accounts are multi-currency accounts. Your account can hold different currencies at the same time, this allows you to trade multiple products around the world from a single account.
Base Currency
Your base currency determines the currency of translation for your statements and the currency used for determining margin requirements. Base currency is determined when you open an account. Customers may change their base currency at any time through Account Management.
We do not automatically convert currencies into your Base currency
Currency conversions must be done manually by the customer. In this video you can learn how to do a currency conversion.
In order to open a position denominated in a currency that you do not have in your account, you have two possibilities:
A) Currency conversion.
B) IB Margin Loan. (Not available for Cash Accounts)
Please see this course explaining the mechanics of a foreign transaction.

 

5. Five points to enrich your IB experience
1. Contract Search
Here you will find all our products, symbols and specifications.
2. IB Knowledge Base
The Knowledge Base is a repository of glossary terms, how-to articles, troubleshooting tips and guidelines designed to assist IB customers with the management of their IB accounts. Just enter in the search button what you are looking for and you will get the answer.
3. Account Management
As our trading platforms give you access to the markets, the Account Management grants you access to your IB account. Use Account Management to manage account-related tasks such as depositing or withdrawing funds, viewing your statements, modifying market data and news subscriptions, changing your trading permissions, and verifying or changing your personal information.
Log In Account Management / AM Quick Start Guide / AM Users Guide
4. Secure Login System
To provide you with the highest level of online security, Interactive Brokers has implemented a Secure Login System (SLS) through which access to your account is subject to two-factor authentication. Two-factor authentication serves to confirm your identity at the point of login using two security factors: 1) Something you know (your username and password combination); and 2) Something you have (an IB issued security device which generates a random, single-use security code). As both knowledge of your username/password and physical possession of the security device are required to login to your account, participation in the Secure Login System virtually eliminates the possibility of anyone other than you accessing your account.
How to Activate your Security Device / How to Obtain a Security Code Card / How to return Security device
In case you forgot your password or lost your security code card, please call us for immediate assistance.
5. Statements and Reports
Easy to view and customize, our statements and reports cover all aspects of your Interactive Brokers account. How to view an Activity Statement 

 

Overview of Dodd-Frank

Background
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, commonly referred to as Dodd-Frank, is a U.S. law enacted in July of 2010, the purpose of which is to prevent the recurrence of events which lead to the 2008 financial crisis. Its principal goals are to:

- Promote U.S. financial stability by improving accountability and transparency within the financial system;
- Protect taxpayers from future bailouts of institutions deemed “too big to fail”; and
- Protect consumers from financial services practices considered abusive.

For additional information, please review the following sections:
- Dodd-Frank reforms
- Dodd-Frank and your IB Account

 

 

 

 

 

Dodd-Frank Reforms
To accomplish its goals, Dodd-Frank proposed the following reforms:

- Enhanced oversight and supervision of financial institutions through the creation of Financial Stability Oversight Council
- Creation of a new agency responsible for implementing and enforcing compliance with consumer financial laws (Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection)
- Implementation of more stringent regulatory capital requirements
- Changes in the regulation of over the counter derivatives including restrictions upon access to Federal credit by swaps entities, establishment of regulatory oversight and mandatory trading and clearing requirements
- Enhanced regulation of credit rating agencies intended to eliminate exemptions from liability, enhance rating agency disclosure, establish prohibited activities and impose standards for independent Board governance
- Changes to corporate governance and executive compensation practices
- Incorporation of the Volcker Rule which imposes restrictions upon the speculative proprietary trading activities of banking entities
- Mandating studies intended to reform investor protection rules
- Changes to the securitization market including requirements that mortgage bankers retain a % of risky loans.

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Dodd-Frank and Your IB Account
Perhaps most visible to IB account holders of all the Dodd-Frank regulations are those relating to money transfers. Here, Section 1073 of the Act introduces consumer protections designed to increase transparency with respect to the costs, timing and the right to repudiate cross-border transactions.
For purpose of Section 1073, a cross-border transaction is defined as an electronic transfer of money from a consumer in the United States to a person or business in a foreign country. As IB LLC is a U.S. based broker, all its account holders regardless of whether they are domiciled in the U.S. or not, benefit from this protection and it covers withdrawals denominated in a currency other than the U.S. dollar as well as USD denominated withdrawals sent to a non-U.S. bank. Account holders submitting a withdrawal which is covered by this regulation will be provided with a disclosure after confirming the request within Account Management. This disclosure will include the following information:

- The name and address of the sender and recipient
- The amount to be deducted from the sender’s IB account
- The amount projected to be credited to the recipient’s bank account including an estimate of fees which the receiving bank's correspondent bank(s) may charge. Note that these correspondent bank fees are not set by nor is any part of them earned by IB.
- A disclaimer that additional fees and foreign taxes may apply.
- Notice of the sender’s right to cancel the transfer request for a full refund within 30 minutes of it being authorized.
- Regulatory contact information in the event of questions or complaints.

When estimating correspondent bank transfer fees, IB takes into consideration information collected from past customer transactions in addition to data made available by our agent banks. We encourage our customers to review and consider this information when making decisions regarding cross-border transactions.

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IRA: Required Minimum Distributions

Generally, regulations require traditional and rollover IRA owners to withdraw funds beginning at age 70 1/2, and every year thereafter.  Determining your Required Minimum Distribution (RMD) is significant while retaining an IRA, considering both your life expectancy and the IRA's fair market value.

The required amount for each eligible person is based on the December 31 IRA account value of the previous year and the IRA owners date of birth.  Your spouse's date of birth may also be a factor if your spouse is at least 10 years younger than you.  Interactive Brokers LLC provides several information resources to understand and calculate your RMD, including access one an on-line RMD Calculator.

Custodian's Role

January RMD Notification

Beginning RMD Distributions

Requesting Your RMD Withdrawal

Determining Your RMD

Calculating Your RMD 

Custodian's Role

IB serves as trustee of your retirement plan, providing administration and compliance service.  In addition, the plan trustee is required to notify you about your RMD.

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January RMD Notification

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires the plan custodian, IB, to notify IRA owners about the RMD requirements by January 31 each year.  If you turn 70 1/2 this year, you are required to begin taking RMDs before April 1 of the following year.

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Beginning RMD Distributions

Eligible IRA owners must begin receiving withdrawals by December 31 of the year they reach age 70 1/2.  The first RMD withdrawal, however, may be delayed until April 1 of the following year.  

If you elect to delay the withdrawal, then please observe the following considerations:   (1) Two RMD withdrawals will be required the following year, the undistributed initial RMD and the new RMD.  (2) The new RMD will be slightly larger due to the December 31 market value's inclusion of the undistributed initial RMD.

Subsequent RMD withdrawals from your IRA must be distributed by December 31 to avoid a penalty tax.

Note:  Roth IRAs are exempt from the RMD rules during the IRA owner's lifetime.

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Requesting Your RMD Withdrawal

Log in to your Interactive Brokers account through Account Management to request an IRA withdrawal of funds. 

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Determining Your RMD

The RMD is determined by dividing your account's prior year December 31 value by your life expectancy factor as taken from the IRS life expectancy tables.   This RMD must be calculated for each of your IRA accounts.  Worksheets for calculating one's RMD are available on the IRS website

Calculating Your RMD

The IRA Required Minimum Distribution Worksheetsassist with the calculation of your RMD.  See the Life Expectancy Tables in IRS Publication 590 for additional resources.  Your IRA beneficiary election may play an important role in determining your RMD, as well. 

Note: If you have multiple IRAs, then you may combine the total year end values and take the distribution from one, each, or any combination of your IRAs.

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Disclaimer:  IB does not provide tax advice. These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any international, federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor. We recommend that you consult a qualified tax adviser or refer to the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.

IRA: Retirement Account Resource Center

IMPORTANT NOTE: This article has been customized for use by self-directed Individual Retirement Account (IRA) owners for information purposes only.  Persons are encouraged to consult a qualified tax professional with the investments and elections within the IRA.   IB does not provide tax advice.  For detailed information regarding IRAs, you may consult the IRS Publication 590-A about IRA contributions and the IRS Publication 590-B about IRA distributions.

This resource center provides a central reference point for information concerning the various IRA account types offered by IB. 

Important Notice - Select IRA Tax Reporting for key information with transaction and tax reporting in your IRA.

 

Account Management IRA Reference

Account Management IRA Tab

Beneficiary Options

Charitable Distributions

Conversions to a Roth IRA

Direct Rollovers - How & When

Frequently Asked Questions

Recharacterizations from a Roth IRA

Required Minimum Distributions

Rollover Rules & Conditions

Understanding Tax Forms

 

 

 IRS Circular 230 Notice: These statements are provided for information purposes only, are not intended to constitute tax advice which may be relied upon to avoid penalties under any federal, state, local or other tax statutes or regulations, and do not resolve any tax issues in your favor.

Security Device Replacement Charge

Account holders logging into their account via IB's Secure Login System are issued a security device, which provides an additional layer of protection to that afforded by the user name and password, and which is intended to prevent on-line hackers and other unauthorized individuals from accessing their account. While IB does not charge any fee for the use of the device, certain versions require that the account holder return the device upon account closing or incur a replacement fee.  Existing account holders are also subject to this replacement fee in the event their device is lost, stolen or damaged (note that there is no fee to replace a device returned as a result of battery failure). 

In addition, while IB does not assess a replacement fee unless a determination has been made that the device has been lost, stolen, damaged or not returned, a reserve equal to the fee will placed upon the account upon issuance of the device to secure its return.  This reserve will have no effect upon the equity of the account available for trading, but will act as limit to full withdrawals or transfers until such time the device is returned (i.e., cannot withdraw the reserve balance).

Outlined below are the replacement fee associated with each device.

SECURITY DEVICE REPLACEMENT FEE
Security Code Card $0.001
Digital Security Card    $0.002
Digital Security Card + $20.00 
Gold Device $0.002
Platinum Device $0.002

For instructions regarding the return of security devices, please see KB975

 

1 The Security Code Card is not required to be returned upon account closing and may be destroyed and discarded once remaining funds have been returned and the account has been fully closed. Access to Account Management after closure for purposes of viewing and retrieving activity statements and tax documents is maintained using solely the existing user name and password combination.

2 IB is no longer issuing a replacement for this Security Device. Account holders using this device are encouraged to log into Account Management and request a replacement device. Please see here for directions.

Cash Sweeps

Background
Underlying the IB Universal account are two separate sub-accounts or segments, one for the securities positions and balances which are subject to the customer protection rules of the SEC and another for the commodities positions and balances which are subject to the customer protection rules of the CFTC. This Universal account structure is designed to minimize the administrative overhead that customers would otherwise be exposed to were they to maintain two distinct accounts (e.g., transferring of cash between accounts, login and order submission through separate accounts, multiple statements, etc.) while preserving the separation required by regulation.

These regulations further require that all securities transactions be effected and margined in the securities segment of the Universal account and commodities transactions in the commodities segment.1  While the regulations allow for the custody of fully-paid securities positions in the commodities segment as margin collateral, IB does not do so, thereby limiting their hypothecation to the more restrictive rules of the SEC. Given the regulations and policies which direct the decision to hold positions in one segment vs. the other, cash remains the only asset eligible to be transferred between the two and for which customer discretion is provided.

Outlined below is a discussion as to the cash sweep options offered, the process for selecting an option as well as selection considerations.

 
Cash Sweep Options
Customers are provided with 3 sweep options, descriptions for which are provided below:
 
 1. Do not sweep excess funds – under this election, excess cash does not move from one segment to another unless necessary to:
a. Eliminate/reduce a margin deficiency in the other segment;
 
b. Minimize a cash debit balance and therefore interest charges in a given segment.  Note that this is the default option and sole option for account holders having only one of securities or commodities trading permissions.
 
2. Sweep excess funds into my IB securities account – here, cash balances are only held in the commodities segment to the extent necessary to satisfy the current commodities margin requirement. Any cash in excess of the margin requirement, generated as a result of either an increase in cash (e.g., favorable variation and/or transaction related) or decrease in the margin requirement (e.g., changes in the SPAN risk arrays and/or transaction related) will be automatically transferred from the commodities segment to the securities segment. Note that the account holder must have permissions to trade securities in order to select this option.
 
3. Sweep excess funds into my IB commodities account – here, cash balances are only held in the securities segment to the extent that they, along with any other securities positions having loan value, are needed to satisfy the current securities margin requirement. Note that the account holder must have permissions to trade commodities in order to select this option. 
 
Other items of note:
-  As the Universal account allows for cash balances to be held in a variety of denominations, a hierarchy exists for the purpose of determining which particular currency to transfer first when long balances in multiple currencies exist. In these situations the procedure is to first transfer balances denominated in the Base Currency, then USD and then the remaining long currency balances in order of highest to lowest.
 
- To minimize the likelihood of one segment incurring a margin deficiency following the sweep of excess cash to the other, the full excess will not be transferred and a buffer equal to 5% of the maintenance margin requirement will be retained. Similarly, to minimize the operational overhead of transferring nominal balances, balances will only be transferred if, after giving effect to the 5% margin cushion, the excess, if any, is not less than 1% of account equity or $200.
 
- When performing the pre-trade credit check to determine whether an account maintains sufficient equity to support a new order, excess cash maintained in one segment will be considered for trades conducted in the other (although a sweep will not occur until the trade has executed and only if it then remains necessary for margin compliance).  Accounts which are designated as a Pattern Day Trader and which are subject pre-trade credit check that takes into account the prior as well as current day's equity should pay particular attention to the Selection Considerations section below.
 
 
Selecting a Sweep Option
If your Account Management version contains a series of menu options on the left-hand side, select the Account Administration and then Excess Funds Sweep menu options. If your version has menu options across the top, select the Manage Account/Settings and then the Configure Account/Excess Funds Sweep menu options. Regardless of your version, you will be presented with a screen which appears as follows:
 

You may then select the radio button alongside the option of your choice and select the Continue button. Your choice will take effect as of the next business day and will remain in effect until a different option has been selected. Note that subject to the trading permission settings noted above, there is no restriction upon when or how often you may change your sweep method. 

 

Selection Considerations
While the decision to elect one segment vs. the other for the purposes of maintaining excess cash may involve subjective decisions and preferences unique to each customer (e.g. customer maintains assets which are significant and concentrated in one segment vs. the other), outlined below are several factors warranting consideration:
 
1. Pattern Day Trading Equity - The securities buying power of accounts designated by regulation as Pattern Day Traders (i.e., 4 or more day trades within a 5 business day period) is limited by the lesser of the current or prior day’s closing equity in the securities segment. As such, an election to sweep excess funds to the commodities segment will prevent the inclusion of such funds in this calculation, thereby potentially limiting the capacity to enter new orders. To maximize the use of equity for purposes of entering securities orders, one would need to elect to sweep excess fund to the securities segment.  Note that an election to the securities segment will not impair the ability to enter commodities orders as the pattern day trading rules do not apply to such accounts.
 
2. Insurance – SIPC protection is afforded to assets in the securities segment and there is no commensurate insurance scheme in place for the commodities segment. That being said, balances in excess of the SIPC $250,000 cash sub-limit ($900,000 Lloyd’s cash sub-limit, where applicable) are not afforded coverage. Customers of IB Canada and IB UK are also subject coverage rules as specified by CIPF and the FSCS, respectively.
 
3. Interest Income – all other things being equal, customers are likely to receive the most optimal interest income on long cash balances that have not been partitioned between the securities and commodities segments as they are not aggregated for interest credit purposes (since they are subject to distinct segregation pools and reinvestment rules). This, along with the fact that credits require maintenance of a minimum cash balance and that higher balances are afforded preferential rates are factors to be considered when making a sweep election.2
 
Other Relevant Knowledge Base Articles:
A Comparison of U.S. Segregation Models
 
 
Footnotes:
1As OneChicago single stock futures are a hybrid product jointly regulated by the SEC and CFTC, they can be purchased and sold in either account type. IB, however, conducts such transactions in the securities segment of the Universal account as this is necessary to provide margin relief between the single stock future and any qualifying stock or option position.
 
2Consider, for example, an account which maintains a long USD balance of $9,000 in each of the securities and commodities segments. Depending upon the benchmark Fed Funds Effective rate, the account would be eligible to earn interest on $8,000 ($18,000 - $10,000) if the two balances were held in a single segment, but since balances below $10,000 in either of the two segments are not eligible for interest, could not earn anything without electing a sweep option. Similarly, one would be eligible to earn interest at a higher tier if as a result of a sweep election the account holder was then able to achieve a long USD cash balance above $100,000 in a given segment. For additional information regarding interest calculations including a link to current benchmark interest rates, refer to KB39.

 

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