添加/消耗流動性

Overview: 

本文旨在對交易所費用、添加/消耗流動性費用以及非組合佣金提供正確的理解。

 

添加或消耗流動性的概念既適用於股票,也適用於股票/指數期權。一個定單是消耗流動性還是添加流動性,取決於定單是適銷還是非適銷。

適銷定單會消耗流動性。
適銷定單要么是市價定單,要么是限價等於或高於/低於當前市價的買入/賣出限價定單。

1. 對於適銷的買入限價定單,限價等於或高於賣價。

2. 對於適銷的賣出限價定單,限價等於或低於買價。

舉例:
XYZ股票當前賣價尺寸/價格為400股/46.00。您輸入一個買入限價定單,即以46.01的價格買入100股XYZ股票。由於定單馬上就能執行,其將被視為適銷定單。如果交易所會對消耗流動性收費,則客戶將需繳納該費用。


 

非適銷定單會添加流動性。
非適銷定單是限價低於/高於當前市價的買入/賣出限價定單。

1. 對於非適銷的買入限價定單,限價低於賣價。

2. 對於非適銷的賣出限價定單,限價高於買價。

舉例:
XYZ股票當前賣價尺寸/價格為400股/46.00。您輸入一個買入限價定單,即以45.99的價格買入100股XYZ股票。由於定單將被作為最佳買價發布至市場,而不會立即執行,其將被視為非適銷定單。
若有人發送了一個適銷的賣出定單,從而使您的買入限價定單得以執行,則如果有添加流動性返點,您會收到一定折扣(返點)。

請注意:
1. 所有交易期權的賬戶均需就消耗/添加流動性繳納/享受期權交易所費用或返點。
2. 根據IB網站,消耗/添加流動性費用表下只有負數才是折扣(返點)。

https://www.interactivebrokers.com.hk/cn/index.php?f=2356
股票與期權佣金/費用請參見上方鏈接。

IEX Discretionary Peg Order

Background: 

IEX offers a Discretionary Peg™ (D-Peg™) order type which is a non-displayed order that is priced at either the National Best Bid (NBB for buys) or National Best Offer (NBO for sells). D-Peg™ orders passively rest on the book while seeking to access liquidity at a more aggressive price up to Midpoint of the NBBO, except when IEX determines that the quote is transitioning to less aggressive price

D-Peg™ combines elements of Midpoint Peg, Primary Peg, and traditional discretionary order types.
 
Information about slow and predictable changes in the NBBO are detected in IEX's Crumbling Quote Indicator and provides D-Peg™ orders with an instruction to stop seeking access to liquidity at a more aggressive price until the quote returns to a stable state.

 

How to Place a D-Peg Order

Please note, the IEX D-Peg order type is only available via the TWS version 961 and above. Instructions for entering this order type are outlined below:

Step 1

Enter a symbol and choose a directed quote, selecting IEX as the destination. Right click on the data line and select Trade followed by Order Ticket to open the Order Ticket window.

 

Step 2

Select the REL order type from the Order Type drop down menu.

 

Step 3

Click on the Miscellaneous tab (Misc.) and at the bottom there will be a checkbox for "Discretionary up to limit". Check this box. The price that you set in the Limit Price field will be used at the discretionary price on the order.

 

 

Step 4 

Hit Preview to view the Order Preview window.

 

 

For additional information concerning this order type, please review the following exchange website link: https://www.iextrading.com/trading/dpeg/

 

 

Additional Information Regarding the Use of Stop Orders

U.S. equity markets occasionally experience periods of extraordinary volatility and price dislocation. Sometimes these occurrences are prolonged and at other times they are of very short duration. Stop orders may play a role in contributing to downward price pressure and market volatility and may result in executions at prices very far from the trigger price. 

Investors may use stop sell orders to help protect a profit position in the event the price of a stock declines or to limit a loss. In addition, investors with a short position may use stop buy orders to help limit losses in the event of price increases. However, because stop orders, once triggered, become market orders, investors immediately face the same risks inherent with market orders – particularly during volatile market conditions when orders may be executed at prices materially above or below expected prices.
 
While stop orders may be a useful tool for investors to help monitor the price of their positions, stop orders are not without potential risks.  If you choose to trade using stop orders, please keep the following information in mind:
 
·         Stop prices are not guaranteed execution prices. A “stop order” becomes a “market order” when the “stop price” is reached and the resulting order is required to be executed fully and promptly at the current market price. Therefore, the price at which a stop order ultimately is executed may be very different from the investor’s “stop price.” Accordingly, while a customer may receive a prompt execution of a stop order that becomes a market order, during volatile market conditions, the execution price may be significantly different from the stop price, if the market is moving rapidly.
 
·         Stop orders may be triggered by a short-lived, dramatic price change. During periods of volatile market conditions, the price of a stock can move significantly in a short period of time and trigger an execution of a stop order (and the stock may later resume trading at its prior price level). Investors should understand that if their stop order is triggered under these circumstances, their order may be filled at an undesirable price, and the price may subsequently stabilize during the same trading day.
 
·         Sell stop orders may exacerbate price declines during times of extreme volatility. The activation of sell stop orders may add downward price pressure on a security. If triggered during a precipitous price decline, a sell stop order also is more likely to result in an execution well below the stop price.
 
·         Placing a “limit price” on a stop order may help manage some of these risks. A stop order with a “limit price” (a “stop limit” order) becomes a “limit order” when the stock reaches or exceeds the “stop price.” A “limit order” is an order to buy or sell a security for an amount no worse than a specific price (i.e., the “limit price”). By using a stop limit order instead of a regular stop order, a customer will receive additional certainty with respect to the price the customer receives for the stock. However, investors also should be aware that, because a sell order cannot be filled at a price that is lower (or a buy order for a price that is higher) than the limit price selected, there is the possibility that the order will not be filled at all. Customers should consider using limit orders in cases where they prioritize achieving a desired target price more than receiving an immediate execution irrespective of price.
 
·         The risks inherent in stop orders may be higher during illiquid market hours or around the open and close when markets may be more volatile. This may be of heightened importance for illiquid stocks, which may become even harder to sell at the then current price level and may experience added price dislocation during times of extraordinary market volatility. Customers should consider restricting the time of day during which a stop order may be triggered to prevent stop orders from activating during illiquid market hours or around the open and close when markets may be more volatile, and consider using other order types during these periods.
 
·         In light of the risks inherent in using stop orders, customers should carefully consider using other order types that may also be consistent with their trading needs.

滬港通

滬港通是一項互聯互通機制,香港和國際投資者可以通過香港聯交所(以下簡稱“SEHK”)及其清算所交易並清算上海證券交易所(以下簡稱“SSE”)的上市股票。盈透作為SEHK會員,您可通過盈透快速穩定地訪問SSE並交易其上市產品。當前所有具備香港股票交易許可的盈透客戶均可通過滬港通交易SSE的證券。

 

通過滬港通交易的產品類型

SSE擁有不同類型的掛牌證券,但滬港通初始階段只能交易A(在中國證券交易所交易的大陸公司股票)。這包括所有上證180指數與上證380指數的成分股,以及雖不在相關指數成分股內但有股票同時在SSE以及SEHK上市的H股。

點擊此處查看產品列表和股票代碼:

 

在IB交易SSE證券的傭金

與交易港股的佣金相同,IB只向客戶收取交易額的0.08%作為佣金費用,每筆定單的最低佣金為15元人民幣。交易所要求的交易所費用、清算費用和印花稅將另行徵收。費率詳情于下方列出。您還可在我公司網站查看固定式傭金結構與階梯式傭金結構的對比情況。

交易所費用、清算費用以及印花稅

固定式和階梯式佣金結構對比

 

清算和結算週期

股票于當天結算(T),而SSE交易的現金結算于1日后進行(T+1)。請注意,外匯結算週期為(T+2)。因此,由於結算週期不同步,交易離岸人民幣的客戶應于股票交易的前一日(T-1)執行外匯交易,以避免不必要的利息。

 

SSE交易時段(香港時間)

交易時段

SSE交易時間

開盤集合競價

09:15 – 09:25

連續競價(上午)

09:30 – 11:30

連續競價(下午)

13:00 – 15:00

09:20 – 09:25:SSE不受理取消定單的請求

 

限價

SSE證券的限價範圍為在前一日收盤價的基礎上上下波動10%(特殊的股票可上下波動5%)。所有定單必須在限價範圍之內(包括限價)。價格上限和下限當日保持不變。

請注意,SEHK擬於滬港通初始階段將動態價格檢查定為3%(該數值可能偶爾會被調整) 

 

投資額度

滬港通設有跨境投資額度上限(即總額度)和每日額度。SSE的投資總額度為3000億元,每日額度為130億元。二者按“凈買入”來計算。據此,SSE賣盤額度無限制,客戶可隨意賣出其SSE股票。一旦每日額度在連續競價期間跌破0,交易所將不再接受任何買單。IB會在額度用盡時通知客戶。SEHK也將在其網站上發佈總額度和每日額度的余額。

 

定單限制

對於SSE股票而言,僅限價單(SSE限價單可以特定或更好的價格成交)可全天候自由下單。於此同時,所有SSE股票的每手交易單位統一為100股。買單的股票數量必須為每手交易單位的倍數;賣單則可接受零星股。不允許定單修改。如果您想修改定單,必須先取消定單,并在成功取消后重新下單。

 

其他應該注意的交易限制

a)       大陸的A股市場不能進行日內交易。因此,購買SSE證券的香港和海外投資者只能在T+1當天或之後賣出股票。

b)       SSE股票沒有大宗交易機制。

c)        滬港通初始階段,SSE股票不能進行賣空交易。

d)       滬港通初始階段,IB不提供保證金交易。

 

 

如果您對滬港通有更多疑問,請聯繫IB客戶服務獲取進一步的信息。

電話: +852-2156-7907 / +86(21)6086 8586

郵件: cnhelp@interactivebrokers.com


 

 

Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect

Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect is a mutual market access program through which Hong Kong and international investors can trade shares listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) via the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong (SEHK) and their existing clearing house. As a member of SEHK, IB provides you with direct access to SSE and help you to trade with all listed products on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. All current IB clients with Hong Kong stock trading permissions will be eligible to trade SSE securities through Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect.

 
Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect Products
Among the different types of SSE-listed securities, only A shares (shares in mainland China-based companies that trade on Chinese stock exchange) will be included in the initial stage of the Shanghai-Hong Kong Stock Connect implementation. This includes all the constituent stocks of the SSE 180 Index, SSE 380 Index and all the SSE-listed A shares that are not included as constituent stocks of the relevant indices but have corresponding H shares listed on the SEHK.
Click here to see the product list and stock codes:
 
 
IB commission for trading SSE securities
Same as trading Hong Kong stocks, IB charges only 0.08% of trade value as a commission with a minimum CNH 15 per order. Exchange fees, clearing fees and stamp duty are required by the exchange and will be changed separately. The detailed fee rate can be find below. Comparison between fixed and tiered commission structures can also be found on our website.   
 
 
Clearing and settlement cycle
Stock settlement is within the same day (T) while cash settlement for SSE trades takes place one day later (T+1). Please be aware that the Forex settlement cycle is (T+2). Therefore, due to the unsynchronized settlement cycle, clients who exchange CNH themselves should execute the Forex trade one day prior to the stock trade (T-1) to avoid the extra day’s interest payment.
 
 
Trading hours for SSE (Hong Kong Time)

Trading Session
SSE Trading Hours
Opening Call Auction
09:15 – 09:25
Continuous Auction (Morning)
09:30 – 11:30
Continuous Auction (Afternoon)
13:00 – 15:00

09:20 – 09:25: SSE will not accept order cancellation

 
Trading price limit
For SSE securities, there is a general price limit of +/-10% (+/-5% for stocks under special treatment) based on the previous day closing price. All orders must be at or within the price limit. The upper and lower price limit will remain the same intra-day.
Please also note that during the initial phase of the launch, SEHK intends to set the dynamic price checking at 3% (the percentage maybe adjusted periodically).
 
 
Investment quota
Shanghai - Hong Kong Stock Connect is subject to a maximum cross-boundary investment quota (i.e. Aggregate Quota) and a daily Quota. The Aggregate Quota and Daily Quota through SSE is set at RMB 300 billion and RMB 13 billion respectively. Both the Aggregate Quota and Daily Quota are applied on a “net buy” basis. Under this principle, customers are allowed to sell their SSE securities regardless of the quota balance. Once the Daily Quota drops to zero or is exceeded during a continuous auction session, NO further buy orders will be accepted. IB will inform clients once the quota limitation is reached. SEHK will also publish the remaining balance of the Aggregate Quota and Daily Quota on the website.
 
 
Order limitation
For SSE securities, only limit orders (SSE limit orders can be matched at the specified or better price) will be accepted throughout the day. Meanwhile, all SSE securities are subject to the same trading board size, which is 100 shares. Buy orders must be multiples of a board lot; odd lot trading is only available for sell orders. Order amendment is NOT allowed. If you want to amend the order, you must cancel the order first and place a new order after the previous one is successfully cancelled.
 
 
Other trading limitations 
a)      Day trading is not allowed for the Mainland A shares market. Therefore HK and overseas investors buying SSE securities on day-T can only sell the shares on or after T+1.
b)      For SSE Securities, block trade facility will not be available.
c)       For SSE Securities, shorting is not allowed during the initial phase of the launch.
d)      IB will not be facilitating margin trading during the initial phase of the launch.
 
 
Where to learn more
Please refer to the following exchange website links for additional information regarding Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect:
 
http://www.hkex.com.hk/eng/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/stockconnect.htm
http://www.hkex.com.hk/chi/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/stockconnec...
http://www.hkex.com.hk/chi/market/sec_tradinfra/chinaconnect/stockconnect_sc.htm
 
 
If you have any questions regarding Shanghai – Hong Kong Stock Connect, please contact IB customer service for further information. 
Tel: +852-2156-7907 / +86(21)6086 8586
Email: cnhelp@interactivebrokers.com

 

TWS Order Presets: Primary Order Fields

Brief video on Presets that are relevant to your Primary Order

IPO Considerations

An Initial Public Offering, or IPO, is defined as the first sale of stock by a company to the public. As IB generally does not operate as an underwriter or selling agent of IPO shares, the first opportunity customers have to transact in such shares does not take place until the issue begins trading in the secondary market.  Outlined below are key issues which customers should consider when transacting in shares on their first day of listing:

 

1. Margin

As IPOs are inherently subject to a high degree of uncertainty as to price and liquidity once secondary market trading begins, each new issue is subject to a review to determine whether initial and maintenance margin requirements above the minimum which is required by regulation is warranted. Current margin information is made available through the "Check Margin" feature on the trading platform. Customers should also note that IB reserves the right to change margin on an intraday basis and without advance notice when warranted.

 

2. Order Entry

IB monitors for upcoming IPOs and makes every effort to provide customers the ability to enter orders in advance of the day at which trading begins in the secondary market.  In certain circumstances, either IB and/or the exchange may impose restrictions on the type of orders which may be accepted as well as the time in force conditions associated with such orders.  It should also be noted that orders not direct-routed to the primary exchange may be subject to special auction handling and therefore may receive a different opening print from that of the primary exchange.  In addition, as the price at which the issue trades once available in the secondary market may differ significantly from the IPO price, customers are strongly encouraged to use limit orders when.

 

3. Short Availability

Customers should assume that IPO issues will not be available for shorting immediately upon trading in the secondary market. This limitation is a function of regulations which require the broker to locate and make a good faith determination that shares are available to borrow at settlement coupled with the likelihood that such shares will not be available (due to underwriter lending restrictions and the fact that secondary market transactions have not yet settled).  

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