IB Australia Account Types and Products Offerings

Interactive Brokers Australia Pty Ltd (“IB Australia”), which holds an Australian Financial Services License (“AFSL” No. 453554), has been established. IB Australia is headquartered in Sydney and has been set up to provide services to our Australian clients. IB Australia clients, products and services have some unique characteristics when compared to the Interactive Brokers (“IBKR”) global account and product suite. The purpose of this document is to outline these characteristics of the IB Australia offering.

Account Types

IB Australia offers Cash accounts to Individual / Joint / Self-Managed Superannuation Fund (“SMSF”) account holders and both Cash and Margin accounts to Corporate clients (including corporate trust account holders). Please note, margin-enabled accounts are only currently available for Corporate accounts (including corporate trust accounts) that are classified as a Wholesale/Professional investor.

In the case of a Trust with multiple trustees in order to qualify for a margin-enabled account, none of the trustees may be a natural person (e.g. individual) (i.e. all trustees must be corporate entities) and all must be classified as a Wholesale/Professional investor. Click [Here] for more information on Australian Retail, Wholesale or Professional Investor Status.

Furthermore, margin accounts under IB Australia will employ a risk-based model to calculate margin requirements.

Cash Accounts

IB Australia offer three different types of cash accounts:

  • Investment account
  • Trading account
  • SMSF account (only available to Self-Managed Superannuation Fund)

Investment Account: Similar to the IBLLC Cash account model, the IB Australia Investment account does not allow you to short securities or to borrow funds, i.e. your account cannot have a debit balance. Moreover, only a limited number of options strategies will be available. This account is not eligible for reduced intraday Futures margin.

This account is available for all clients except SMSF clients.

Trading Account: While this is also a cash account that does not permit you to have a debit balance, you will be permitted to short stock and trade any of the available option strategies in the Trading Account, provided that you have the requisite trading experience and expertise, which is outlined [Here]. Further, Trading Accounts enable you to trade with unsettled funds.

If you currently have an Investment Account, you can submit a change of account type to change to a Trading Account by logging into the Client Portal > Settings > Account Settings > under Configuration, click the Configure tool next to Account Type. This may take 2-3 business days to review.

This account is available for all clients except SMSF clients.

SMSF: This is only available to SMSF clients. This is a cash account that does not permit you to short securities or to borrow funds, i.e. your account cannot have a debit balance. Moreover, only a limited number of options strategies will be available. This account is not eligible for reduced intraday Futures margin.

The options strategies that are available in the Investment Account and the SMSF account are as follows:

  • Long Call or Put
  • Covered Calls
  • Short Put
  • Call Spread; exdate(long) >= exdate(short)
  • Put Spread; exdate(long) >= exdate(short)
  • Long / Short Butterfly
  • Iron Condor

Margin Accounts

IB Australia offer two different types of margin accounts:

  • Leveraqed Trading account
  • Professional account

At this stage, IB Australia has decided to only offer margin-enabled accounts to a corporate entity which is NOT designated as a retail client (i.e. the account is either a wholesale or professional investor).

Leveraged Trading Account: If the eligible account holder qualifies as a wholesale client and has provided the completed wholesale booklet to IB Australia, you can request to upgrade to a Leveraged Trading Account. This account operates on a risk based margin model. Clients with this account have the capability to create portfolios to the maximum degree of risk taking /leverage allowed by IB Australia.

Professional Account: If the eligible account holder qualifies as a professional investor and has provided the completed professional investor booklet to IB Australia, you can request to upgrade to a Professional Account. This account runs on a risk based margin model. Clients with this account have the capability to create portfolios to the maximum degree of risk taking /leverage allowed by IB Australia.

Refer to this link for information regarding Australian regulatory status under IB Australia.

Please click [Here] to download the wholesale investor booklet, and click [Here] to download the professional investor booklet.

CFD Product Offering

As a client of IB Australia, provided that you have the requisite trading experience and expertise, which is outlined [Here], you will be able to trade all of exchange traded products available (including local and global stocks, options, futures, bonds, ETFs etc.) through IBKR’s award winning trading platform and software. In addition, you may also trade our Stock, Index and FX CFDs and Spot FX over the counter all within the one IB Australia account.

In addition, IB Australia issue Contracts for Difference (“CFDs”) over global shares, indices and FX. These are only available to IB Australia clients. For further information on IB Australia's products and services, please see our website.

Refer to this link for information on IBAU’s share CFDs.
Refer to this link for information on IBAU’s index CFDs.
Refer to this link for information on IBAU’s FX CFDs.

FX Offering

IB Australia can only support currencies in AUD, USD, EUR and GBP and you can convert between these currencies. If you have cash balances in currencies other than IBA supported currencies (AUD, USD, GBP or EUR) these will to be converted into your nominated base currency.

IBAU clients, when permissioned, can trade in any market available across the IBKR network, even those outside the 4 supported currencies above. However, upon your instruction for any market outside the 4 supported currencies, IB Australia will automatically execute Forex conversions to ensure non-supported cash balances be cleared.

For example, if an IB Australia client using a Cash account wishes to buy HKD denominated securities, as long
as the client has sufficient available funds, the trade is permitted. To settle the trade, IB Australia will convert the existing cash balances into HKD. Similarly at a later date, if the same client wishes to sell their HKD denominated securities, IB Australia would automatically convert the HKD proceeds to the base currency by day end, once again leaving no residual HKD cash balances.

If an IB Australia client using a margin account has any positive or negative cash balances outside of the 4 supported currencies, it will be automatically converted to base currency by day end.

ASX24

In order to ensure continued compliance with our regulatory obligations, IB Australia will NOT accept any other form of collateral except cash for the purposes of determining whether you can trade or hold ASX24 products. If the margin requirements of ASX24 products cannot be met using cash, your account will be subject to automated liquidation.

 

Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited – MiFID Categorisation

Introduction

The European Union legislative act known as the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, or MiFID, as amended by MiFID II, requires Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited (IBUK) to classify each Client according to their knowledge, experience and expertise: "Retail", "Professional" or "Eligible Counterparty". 

In accordance with the Financial Conduct Authority rules, IBUK categorises most clients as Retail clients, providing them with a higher degree of protection.
 
Only those clients that are either regulated entities or funds managed by regulated fund managers, are categorised as Per Se Professional Clients.

The main differences in regulatory protections afforded to Professional Clients as compared with Retails Clients are:

1. Description of the nature and risks of packaged investments: A firm that offers an investment service with another service or product or as a condition of the same agreement with a retail client must: (i) inform retail clients if the risks resulting from the agreement are likely to be different from the risks associated with the components when taken separately; and (ii) provide retail clients with an adequate description of the different components of the agreement and the way in which its interaction modifies the risks. The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients. However, IBUK will not make such differentiation apart from the case specified under point 3 below.

2. Investor protection measures on the provision of Contracts for Differences (“CFDs”): The European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) introduced product intervention measures on the provision of CFDs to retail investors. The measures include: (i) New leverage limits on the opening of a position, which vary according to the volatility of the underlying; (ii) A margin close out rule on a per account basis that standardises the percentage of margin at which providers are required to close out one or more open CFDs; (iii) Negative balance protection on a per account basis;
(iv) A restriction on the incentives offered to trade CFDs; and (v) A standardised risk warning, including the percentage of losses on a CFD provider’s retail investor accounts.The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients.

3. Communication with clients: A firm must ensure that its communications with all clients are fair, clear and not misleading. However, the way in which a firm may communicate with professional clients (about itself, its services and products, and its remuneration) may be different from the way in which the firm communicates with retail clients. A firm’s obligations in respect of the level of details, medium and timing of the provision of information are different depending on whether the client is a retail or professional client. The requirements to deliver certain product-specific documents, such as Key Information Documents (“KID”) for Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (“PRIIPs”), are not applied to professional clients.

4. Depreciation in value reporting: A firm that holds a retail client account that includes positions in leveraged financial instruments or contingent liability transactions must inform the retail client, where the initial value of each instrument depreciates by 10 per cent and thereafter at multiples of 10 per cent. The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients.

5. Appropriateness: When assessing appropriateness for non-advised services, a firm may be required to determine whether the client has the necessary experience and knowledge in order to understand the risks involved in relation to the product or service offered or demanded. Where such an appropriateness assessment requirement applies in respect of a client, the firm may assume that a professional client has the necessary experience and knowledge in order to understand the risks involved in relation to those particular investment services or transactions, or types of transaction or product, for which the client is classified as a professional client. A firm may not make such an assumption for a retail client and must determine that a retail client does have the necessary level of experience and knowledge.
 

IBUK provides non-advised services and is not required to request information or adhere to the assessment procedures for a professional client when assessing the appropriateness of a given service or product as with a retail client, and IBUK may not be required to give warnings to the professional client if it cannot determine appropriateness with respect to a given service or product. 

6. Exclusion of liability: Firms’ ability to exclude or restrict any duty or liability owed to clients is narrower under the FCA rules in the case of retail clients than in respect of professional clients.

7. The Financial Services Ombudsman: The services of the Financial Ombudsman Service in the UK may not be available to professional clients, unless they are, for example, consumers, small businesses or individuals acting outside of their trade, business, craft or profession.

8. Compensation: IBUK is a member of the UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme. You may be entitled to claim compensation from that scheme if IBUK cannot meet its obligations to you. This will depend on the type of business and the circumstances of the claim; compensation is only available for certain types of claimants and claims in respect of certain types of business. Eligibility for compensation from the scheme is determined under the rules applicable to the scheme.
 

Re-categorisation as Professional Client

IBUK allows its Retail Clients to request to be re-categorised as Professional Clients. Clients are notified of their Client Category and can check it at any time from Account Management, under Settings> Account Settings> MiFID Client Category. From this same screen, Clients can also request to change their MiFID Category.

IBUK will consider re-categorising Retail Clients to Professional Clients in two instances:

1. Per Se Professional Clients can notify IBUK that they consider that they should have been categorised as Per Se Professionals under the FCA rules, because at least one of the following conditions applies:

(i) authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets; or

(ii) a large undertaking meeting two of the following size requirements on a company basis:

(a) balance sheet total of EUR 20,000,000;
(b) net turnover of EUR 40,000,000;
(c) own funds of EUR 2,000,000;

(iii) an institutional investor whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments. This includes entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financing transactions.

2. IBUK may treat Clients as Elective Professional Clients if, based on an assessment of the Client’s expertise, experience, and knowledge, IBUK is reasonably assured that, in light of the nature of the transactions or services envisaged, the Client is capable of making its own investment decisions and understand the risks involved. Clients who do not meet the requirements to be categorised as Per Se Professional Clients can still request to be categorised as Elective Professional Clients.

To obtain such re-categorisation, Retail Clients must provide evidence that they satisfy at least two (2) of the following criteria:

1. Over the last four (4) quarters, the Client conducted trades in financial instruments in significant size at an average frequency of ten (10) per quarter.

To determine the significant size IBUK considers the following:

a. During the last four quarters, there were at least forty (40) trades; and
b. During each of the last four (4) quarters, there was at least one (1) trade; and
c. The total notional value of the top forty (40) trades of the last four (4) quarters is greater than EUR 200,000; and
d. The account has a net asset value greater than EUR 50,000.

Trades in Spot FX and Unallocated OTC Metals are not considered for the purpose of this calculation.

2. The Client holds a portfolio of financial instruments (including cash) that exceeds EUR 500,000 (or equivalent);

3. The Client is an individual accountholder or a trader of an organisation account who works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position which requires knowledge of products it trades in.

Upon review and verification of the information and supporting evidence provided, IBUK will re-categorise clients if all relevant conditions are met to satisfaction.

Retail Clients requesting to be re-categorised as Professional Accounts must read and understand the warning provided by IBUK before the relevant request is submitted.

Re-categorisation as Retail Client Professional Clients can request IBUK to be re-categorised as Retail Clients, from the same Account Management page described above (under Settings> Account Settings> MiFID Client Category).

With the sole exception of regulated entities or funds managed by regulated fund managers, which are categorised as Per Se Professional Clients, IBUK accepts all such requests.

THIS INFORMATION IS GUIDANCE FOR INTERACTIVE BROKERS FULLY DISCLOSED CLEARED CUSTOMERS ONLY.
NOTE: THE INFORMATION ABOVE IS NOT INTENDED TO BE A COMPREHENSIVE, EXHAUSTIVE NOR A DEFINITIVE INTERPRETATION OF THE REGULATION, BUT A SUMMARY OF IBUK’S APPROACH TO CLIENT CATEGORISATION AND RE-CATEGORISATION POLICY.

 

 

Converting From an Individual to Trust Account

The process of converting from an individual account to a trust account is outlined below: 

1. As the trust account structure differs from that of the individual in terms of account holder information required, legal agreements and, in certain cases, taxpayer status, direct conversion is not supported and a new trust account application must be completed online.

The online trust application may be initiated by visiting www.ibkr.com and clicking the "Open Account" button. Be sure to request trading permissions and, if necessary, margin status, sufficient to maintain the positions currently carried in your individual account. Note that if your account is managed by a financial advisor or you are a client of an introducing broker, please contact your advisor or broker to initiate the new application (you may need to make arrangements with your advisor or broker for fees that have accrued but not yet paid when the individual account closes).

2. The trust account application requires Compliance review and approval and documentation evidencing the creation of the trust and proof of identity and address of trustees may also be required. If this is the case, notice as to the required documents and how to submit will be provided at the conclusion of the online application.

3. Once you have received an email confirming approval of the trust account application, send a request from your Message Center authorizing IB to manually transfer positions from your Individual to trust account. Prior to submitting the request you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.

Due to the manual steps and scheduling required, you should allow a minimum of one week after trust account approval and submitting your request for the transfer to take effect.


IMPORTANT NOTES

1. Note that exchange regulations preclude ownership transfer of derivative contracts such as futures and options. If you are holding such positions you would either need to close them prior to the transfer taking place or request that they remain in your individual account.

2. Prior to processing the transfer, you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.

3. The SMA (Special Memorandum Account) balance in your individual account will not transfer to the trust account. In certain cases this may impact your ability to open new positions in the trust account on the first day after the transfer is completed.

4. Elective options such as market data subscriptions and participation in IB's Yield Enhancement Program will not be carried over to the trust account and must be re-initiated to continue. Note that trusts are often classified as Professionals for market data subscription purposes which generally implies higher subscription rates than that for Non-Professionals.

5. The cost basis of transferred positions as reported in the activity statements will remain unchanged for tax purposes. The cost basis as reported in your trading platform (which is not used for tax reporting purposes) will not transfer over to the trust account but may be manually adjusted.

6. Once the transfer has been completed and assuming all positions have been transferred your individual account will be designated for automatic closure. Note that certain balances such as dividend accruals can’t be transferred until paid, after which they will then be transferred and your individual account closed.

7. You'll receive any applicable tax forms for the reportable activity transacted in each of your individual and trust accounts at year end. Access to Account Management for you individual account will remain after it has been closed for the purpose of reviewing and printing activity statements and tax forms.

8. IBKR does not provide tax advice or investment guidance and recommends that account holder consult with qualified professionals to determine any legal, tax or estate planning consequences associated with individual to trust transfer requests.
 

Free Riding Rule

In a cash account, an investor must pay for the purchase of a security (meaning, the trade must settle) prior to selling that security. If an investor buys a security and then sells that same security without paying for the security in full by settlement date, the investor is considered to be “free riding.” Accounts that commit free riding violations will be restricted for 90 days, during which time the account can only purchase securities using settled funds.

Free riding examples that would be considered a violation at Interactive Brokers

Example A:

1) On T, the account has settled cash of $10,000

2) On T, the account buys ABC for $10,000

3) On T+1, the account sells ABC and buys $10,000 of XYZ

4) The customer sells the XYZ shares without depositing sufficient funds to pay for the purchase of XYZ in full

 

Example B:

1) On T, the account has fully paid for stock in ABC and no excess cash

2) On T, the account sells $10,000 of ABC

3) On T, the account buys $10,000 of XYZ

4) On T+1, the account sells the XYZ shares without depositing sufficient funds to pay for the purchase of XYZ in full

 

The end of day surveillance process would consider both of these scenarios to be free riding violations, which would restrict the account to only purchase using settled funds for 90 days. IB has put certain controls in place to help prevent free riding violations.

 

Domande frequenti: passaggio a IBUK come broker di mantenimento

 

Informazioni generali

 
D: Cosa è cambiato?

R: IB espanderà la gamma delle attività dei clienti compensate e svolte da IB UK per includere determinate attività attualmente gestite da IB LLC. Al momento IB UK effettua la compensazione di tutta l'attività dei clienti tramite IB LLC, a eccezione delle materie prime fisiche (ovvero, oro e argento) e dei CFD non quotati in Borsa. Per differenziare l'attività di IB UK compensata come IB UK da quella affidata a IB LLC, è stato creato un conto di contabilità interna conosciuto come IBUKL e volto a racchiudere l'attività di IB UK. Il conto IBUKL sarà impiegato per compensare e gestire una più vasta gamma di tipologie di prodotti, tra cui azioni, ETF, opzioni, future, opzioni su future e forex.

 
D: Qual è il motivo di questa modifica? 

R: La clientela di IB, storicamente caratterizzata da un insieme di titolari di conti statunitensi e non statunitensi, sta diventando sempre più internazionale. Sebbene una parte rilevante delle attività che fanno capo a questa clientela non statunitense sia attualmente compensata, gestita e tenuta in custodia dall'intermediario finanziario statunitense, IB LLC (eccezion fatta per CFD, metalli fisici e tutte le attività svolte tramite i conti IB India e IB Giappone), sono notevoli i vantaggi derivanti dal trasferimento di determinate attività a IBUKL, dove la struttura di regolamentazione è molto più vicina a quella del domicilio del cliente.

Tra i vantaggi si annoverano il consolidamento delle posizioni dei clienti su materie prime e titoli non statunitensi in un unico segmento, la possibilità di usufruire di un trattamento di marginazione più vantaggioso tramite la compensazione delle posizioni e i metodi basati sul rischio, e la capacità di ridurre i costi di assunzione in prestito e aumentare gli interessi a credito, consolidando i saldi di liquidità attualmente mantenuti in segmenti separati e riducendo al minimo l'esposizione all'imposizione fiscale statunitense.
 
 
D: Cosa distingue IB UK da IBUKL? 

R: Interactive Brokers (UK) Limited (“IB UK”) è un intermediario finanziario autorizzato dalla Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) a operare nel Regno Unito. IBUKL, invece, non è un'entità giuridica ma, piuttosto, uno strumento di contabilità o una convenzione di etichettatura impiegato a livello interno per designare un sottoinsieme di attività dei clienti negoziate tramite IB UK. Al momento questo tipo di attività consiste esclusivamente in prodotti fuori borsa, per i quali IB UK effettua la compensazione e opera in veste di controparte, compresi CFD e materie prime fisiche (ovvero, oro e argento) non negoziati in Borsa.

 

D: Qual è il piano di introduzione dei prodotti?

R: Cominceremo, innanzitutto, ad ampliare l'offerta di prodotti IBUKL esistente con l'aggiunta di prodotti su indici azionari non statunitensi (es., future e opzioni aventi la stessa liquidità sottostante dello strumento consegnabile). Tali prodotti comprendono, tra l'altro, indici come FTSE, CAC, Hang Seng, Nikkei & DAX. L'introduzione di questi prodotti sarà associata alla creazione di un nuovo permesso chiamato "Indici azionari internazionali" e disponibile per i nuovi clienti e quelli esistenti che soddisfino i necessari requisiti.  I clienti esistenti in possesso dei necessari requisiti comprendono i conti non statunitensi aventi permessi su opzioni e una posizione o un'attività su posizioni nei 12 mesi precedenti. Questi clienti esistenti otterranno l'iscrizione al permesso in maniera automatica.

Dopo l'introduzione degli strumenti su indici azionari non statunitensi provvederemo ad ampliare l'offerta di prodotti disponibili secondo l'ordine seguente: forex, future aggiuntivi e, quindi, titoli non statunitensi.

 

D: I clienti ai quali è stato assegnato un conto IBUKL avranno anche un conto IB LLC?
R: Può darsi e, nella maggior parte dei casi, è molto probabile. Nel caso in cui un cliente negozi solamente il prodotto attualmente idoneo alla compensazione e alla gestione nel conto IBUKL, egli, teoricamente, non dovrebbe avere alcun bisogno di mantenere un conto IB LLC.  I clienti in possesso di altre posizioni dovranno mantenere o aprire un conto IBLLC.

 

D: Il conto IBUKL avrà segmenti multipli come il conto IB LLC?

R: No. I segmenti multipli presenti nel conto IB LLC riflettono la struttura regolamentare biforcata degli Stati Uniti, dove la vigilanza in materia di titoli è condotta dalla Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) e quella relativa alle materie prime dalla Commodities Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).  A eccezione dei future su singole azioni, che sono regolamentati congiuntamente, né le normative della CFTC né quelle della SEC prevedono la compensazione o la marginazione di un prodotto disciplinato in un conto che cade sotto la giurisdizione dell'altro ente regolatore. Tali normative comprendono quelle di tutela dei clienti che, per quanto abbiano fini analoghi, differiscono nella modalità di applicazione, e sono progettate per segregare gli attivi in un importo necessario a soddisfare esclusivamente i reclami associati al segmento titoli o a quello delle materie prime, secondo quanto applicabile.

Dato che la FCA, il principale ente regolatore di IB UK, supervisiona sia i prodotti su titoli sia quelli su materie prime, tutte le posizioni di IBUKL idonee saranno racchiuse in un unico segmento.


D: Qual sarà il sistema di marginazione impiegato per le posizioni mantenute nel conto IBUKL?
R:
Le posizioni non saranno soggette ai requisiti di margine Reg T, ma, piuttosto, al sistema basato sul valore a rischio (VAR). Inizialmente, dato che i nuovi prodotti sono trasferiti al conto IBUKL, sarà impiegato il metodo originario della Borsa/di compensazione (in genere, il sistema SPAN) e il requisito del conto sarà un aggregato di molteplici metodi. In seguito IB impiegherà un metodo comune per l'intero conto, basando questo metodo sull'attuale modello proprietario di marginazione del portafoglio di IB.

 
D: Quali altri accordi e dichiarazioni sono necessari? Dove possono essere consultati?
 
R: Nel sito web di IB è disponibile un nuovo accordo per i clienti IBUK in possesso di prodotti gestiti da IBUK.  L'accordo è consultabile nella sezione Prodotti e servizi > Moduli e informative
 
 
D: È possibile trasferire fondi da un conto all'altro?
 
R: Dato che IBLLC e IBUK sono entità giuridiche separate, i fondi in eccesso non possono essere trasferiti automaticamente da un conto all'altro, a eccezione del caso in cui sia necessario soddisfare un determinato requisito di margine. In tali circostanze IB provvederà al trasferimento automatico dei fondi tra il conto IBLLC e il conto IBUK per soddisfare il necessario requisito di margine. L'opzione "Trasferimento liquidità in eccesso" disponibile per i clienti in Gestione conto continuerà a essere disponibile; tuttavia, ciò riguarderà solo i conti IBLLC.
 

 

D: Come sarà effettuato il calcolo degli interessi durante e dopo la conversione?
 
R: Nel caso dei clienti aventi saldi in contanti presso IBLLC, il calcolo degli interessi per i saldi di liquidità regolati nei conti titoli e per quelli nei conti delle materie prime continuerà a essere gestito separatamente. I clienti in possesso di saldi in contanti presso IBUK disporranno di un saldo in contanti sul quale saranno calcolati gli interessi a credito o a debito.
 
 

Tutela dei clienti

 
D: In che modo si è tutelati con un conto IBUK?
 
R: IBUK partecipa al Financial Services Compensation Scheme"FSCS".  I livelli di compensazione sono soggetti a modifiche e, per i dettagli più recenti, si prega di fare riferimento al sito web ella FSCS, www.fscs.org.uk/
 
 
D: Come fare per ottenere maggiori informazioni in merito alla tutela dei clienti?
 
R: Per maggiori informazioni in materia di tutela dei clienti è possibile consultare l'articolo KB2012.
 
 
D: È disponibile un'ulteriore forma di tutela da parte di IBUK oltre a quella normalmente prevista dal settore?
 
A: IBUK non offre alcuna tutela supplementare oltre a quanto previsto dalla FSCS.
 
 
D: La copertura assicurativa Lloyds si estende anche ai conti IBUK?
 
R: No, determinate compagnie assicurative presso la Lloyds di Londra offrono una copertura SIPC aggiuntiva; tuttavia, questa opzione non è disponibile per i prodotti detenuti presso l'intermediario di mantenimento di IBUK .

 
D: Perché cambiare il proprio conto se la tutela dei clienti in caso di inadempienza è meno vantaggiosa?
 
R: Vi sono numerosi vantaggi derivanti dal deposito di attivi nel conto IBUK. Tra i vantaggi si annoverano il consolidamento delle posizioni dei clienti su materie prime e titoli non statunitensi in un unico segmento, la possibilità di usufruire di un trattamento di marginazione più vantaggioso tramite la compensazione delle posizioni e i metodi basati sul rischio, e la capacità di ridurre i costi di assunzione in prestito e aumentare gli interessi a credito, consolidando i saldi di liquidità attualmente mantenuti in segmenti separati e riducendo al minimo l'esposizione all'imposizione fiscale statunitense.
 
 
D: È possibile scegliere di restare cliente IBLLC per poter beneficiare della tutela SIPC?
 
R: Al momento IB intende spostare determinati gruppi di prodotti verso IBUK e, di conseguenza, tutti i clienti in possesso del dato gruppo di prodotti saranno trasferiti verso IBUK. Per quanto determinati prodotti possano essere mantenuti nel conto IBLLC nel lungo periodo, ciò non è al momento possibile.
 
 
D: È possibile che si verifichi un fallimento da parte di IBUK ma non di IBLLC?

R: Per quanto possibile, riteniamo che si tratti di un'ipotesi improbabile.  Premettendo che IB LLC e IB UK sono entrambe società interamente controllare dalla stessa società capogruppo, Interactive Brokers Group LLC, queste due entità separate esistono principalmente per fini regolamentari e, nonostante riteniamo altamente improbabile un fallimento da parte di una delle due, sarebbe addirittura impensabile che la società capogruppo possa consentire il fallimento di una sola di esse. Oltretutto, dato che circa l'85% di IB è di proprietà della relativa direzione e dei suoi dipendenti, i proprietari sono incentivati dal punto di vista pecuniario a preservare i propri investimenti e proteggere entrambe le entità dal fallimento.

 

Can I have more than two individuals on a joint account?

IB offers three types of joint accounts: Tenants with Rights of Suvivorship, Tenancy in Common and Community Property. Each of these joint account types is limited to two account holders.

Applicants interested in opening an account with muliple owners in excess of two may consider the corporate, partnrship, limited liability company or unincorporated legal structure account types offered by IB.  Note that documentation establishing proof of formation and address are generally required at the point of application.

Converting From a Single to Joint Account

The process of adding a second owner to an existing single account for purposes of converting to a joint account is outlined below:

1.       As the joint account structure differs from that of the individual in terms of account holder information required, legal agreements and, in certain cases, taxpayer status, direct conversion is not supported and a new joint account application must be completed online.
 
The joint application may be initiated online from the single account by logging into Account Management and clicking the Settings and Account Settings options followed by clicking the gear icon next to the words "Create, Move, Link or Partition an Account" in the Configuration section. This process will allow you to retain your existing user name, password and security device for purposes of operating the joint account. Be sure to request trading permissions and, if necessary, margin status, sufficient to maintain the positions currently carried in your individual account.  Note that if your account is managed by a financial advisor or you are a client of an introducing broker, please contact your advisor or broker to initiate the new application (you may need to make arrangements with your advisor or broker for fees that have accrued but not yet paid if the individual account closes).
 
The joint account application requires Compliance review and approval and documentation evidencing the identity and address of the second account holder may be required. If this is the case, notice as to the required documents and how to submit will be provided at the conclusion of the online application.
 
 
2.       Once you have received an email confirming approval of the joint account application, send a request from your Message Center authorizing IB to manually transfer positions from your single to joint account. Prior to submitting the request you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.
 
Due to the manual steps and scheduling required, you should allow a minimum of one week after joint account approval and submitting your request for the transfer to take effect. 

 

IMPORTANT NOTES
 
1.       Note that exchange regulations preclude ownership transfer of derivative contracts such as futures and options. If you are holding such positions you would either need to close them prior to the transfer taking place or request that they remain in your individual account.
 
2.       Prior to processing the transfer, you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.
 
3.       The SMA (Special Memorandum Account) balance in your individual account will not transfer to the joint account. In certain cases this may impact your ability to open new positions in the joint account on the first day after the transfer is completed.
 
4.       Elective options such as market data subscriptions and participation in IB's Yield Enhancement Program will not be carried over to the joint account and must be re-initiated to continue.
 
5.       The cost basis of transferred positions as reported in the activity statements will remain unchanged for tax purposes.  The cost basis as reported in your trading platform (which is not used for tax reporting purposes) will not transfer over to the joint account but may be manually adjusted.
 
6.       Once the transfer has been completed and assuming all positions have been transferred your individual account will be designated for automatic closure. Note that certain balances such as dividend accruals can’t be transferred until paid, after which they will then be transferred and your individual account closed.
 
7.       You'll receive any applicable tax forms for the reportable activity transacted in each of your individual and joint accounts at year end. Access to Account Management for you individual account will remain after it has been closed for the purpose of reviewing and printing activity statements and tax forms.
 
8.       IBKR does not provide tax advice or investment guidance and recommends that account holder consult with qualified professionals to determine any legal, tax or estate planning consequences associated with single to joint transfer requests.

Designation of Eligible Contract Participant

Account holders may designate their status as an Eligible Contract Participant (ECP) by completing an online questionnaire provided via Account Management.  In the case where the account holder has provided information via the application process which suggests that they meet the ECP financial and/or organizational qualifications (see KB2731), the questionnaire is posted online in Account Management.  If the information submitted at the point of application does not support ECP qualification, the account holder may update their information online to obtain the questionnaire.  Outlined below are the steps necessary to access the questionnaire.

 

Step 1. Determine if the ECP questionnaire has been posted to your account:

For individual accounts, log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Account Information, and then Investor Category menu options. If you reported net worth in excess of the minimum qualifying threshold, you will be provided with the ECP questionnaire. Note that account holders reporting net worth below the ECP qualifying threshold may be provided with questionnaires for different investor categories (i.e., Accredited Investor).

For organization accounts, log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Account Information, and then Investor Category menu options. If your organization is of a specified category (e.g., registered broker dealer, FCM) or reported net worth in excess of the minimum qualifying threshold, you will be provided with the ECP questionnaire. Note that organizations reporting net worth below the ECP qualifying threshold may be provided with questionnaires for different investor categories (i.e., Qualified Purchaser).

If the ECP questionnaire has been posted to your account, complete and acknowledge the document via electronic signature.  If the questionnaire has not been posted to your account, follow Step 2 below.

 

Step 2. Update your account information:

For individual and organization accounts, if your net worth exceeds the minimum qualifying threshold of $10 million, you may log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Account Information, Details and then Financial Information menu options. Included on that page will be a section where account holders can update and confirm their financial information.  Note that updates to this information are subject to review by our Compliance Department prior to taking effect. Once changes have taken effect and, assuming those changes meet the qualifying threshold, the ECP questionnaire will be made available as noted in Step 1 above.

Eligible Contract Participant - Definition

IMPORTANT: Note that regulations are subject to change and clients are responsible for determining whether or not they qualify as an ECP. Please refer to "7 U.S. Code § 1a – Definitions" to ensure you are reviewing the most current definition of an ECP.

Account holders should take note of the below excerpt from the definition which is likely to be the most relevant.

(xi) an individual who has amounts invested on a discretionary basis, the aggregate of which is in excess of—
(I) $10,000,000; or
(II) $5,000,000 and who enters into the agreement, contract, or transaction in order to manage the risk associated with an asset owned or liability incurred, or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred, by the individual;

 

(18) Eligible contract participant
The term “eligible contract participant” means—
 
(A) acting for its own account—
 
(i)                  a financial institution;
 
(ii)                an insurance company that is regulated by a State, or that is regulated by a foreign government and is subject to comparable regulation as determined by the Commission, including a regulated subsidiary or affiliate of such an insurance company;
 
(iii)               an investment company subject to regulation under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a–1 et seq.) or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation (regardless of whether each investor in the investment company or the foreign person is itself an eligible contract participant);
 
(iv)       a commodity pool that—
(I) has total assets exceeding $5,000,000; and
(II) is formed and operated by a person subject to regulation under this chapter or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation (regardless of whether each investor in the commodity pool or the foreign person is itself an eligible contract participant) provided, however, that for purposes of section 2(c)(2)(B)(vi) of this title and section 2(c)(2)(C)(vii) of this title, the term “eligible contract participant” shall not include a commodity pool in which any participant is not otherwise an eligible contract participant;
 
(v)        a corporation, partnership, proprietorship, organization, trust, or other entity—
(I) that has total assets exceeding $10,000,000;
(II) the obligations of which under an agreement, contract, or transaction are guaranteed or otherwise supported by a letter of credit or keepwell, support, or other agreement by an entity described in subclause (I), in clause (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), or (vii), or in subparagraph (C); or
(III) that—
(aa) has a net worth exceeding $1,000,000; and
(bb) enters into an agreement, contract, or transaction in connection with the conduct of the entity’s business or to manage the risk associated with an asset or liability owned or incurred or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred by the entity in the conduct of the entity’s business;
 
(vi)       an employee benefit plan subject to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), a governmental employee benefit plan, or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation—
(I) that has total assets exceeding $5,000,000; or
(II) the investment decisions of which are made by—
(aa) an investment adviser or commodity trading advisor subject to regulation under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80b–1 et seq.) or this chapter;
(bb) a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation;
(cc) a financial institution; or
(dd) an insurance company described in clause (ii), or a regulated subsidiary or affiliate of such an insurance company;
(vii)
(I) a governmental entity (including the United States, a State, or a foreign government) or political subdivision of a governmental entity;
(II) a multinational or supranational government entity; or
(III) an instrumentality, agency, or department of an entity described in subclause (I) or (II); except that such term does not include an entity, instrumentality, agency, or department referred to in subclause (I) or (III) of this clause unless (aa) the entity, instrumentality, agency, or department is a person described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of paragraph (17)(A); (bb) the entity, instrumentality, agency, or department owns and invests on a discretionary basis $50,000,000 or more in investments; or (cc) the agreement, contract, or transaction is offered by, and entered into with, an entity that is listed in any of subclauses (I) through (VI) of section 2(c)(2)(B)(ii) of this title;
(viii)
(I) a broker or dealer subject to regulation under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.) or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation, except that, if the broker or dealer or foreign person is a natural person or proprietorship, the broker or dealer or foreign person shall not be considered to be an eligible contract participant unless the broker or dealer or foreign person also meets the requirements of clause (v) or (xi);
(II) an associated person of a registered broker or dealer concerning the financial or securities activities of which the registered person makes and keeps records under section 15C(b) or 17(h) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78o–5(b), 78q(h));
(III) an investment bank holding company (as defined in section 17(i) [2] of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78q(i)); [3]
 
(ix)       a futures commission merchant subject to regulation under this chapter or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation, except that, if the futures commission merchant or foreign person is a natural person or proprietorship, the futures commission merchant or foreign person shall not be considered to be an eligible contract participant unless the futures commission merchant or foreign person also meets the requirements of clause (v) or (xi);
 
(x)        a floor broker or floor trader subject to regulation under this chapter in connection with any transaction that takes place on or through the facilities of a registered entity (other than an electronic trading facility with respect to a significant price discovery contract) or an exempt board of trade, or any affiliate thereof, on which such person regularly trades; or
 
(xi)       an individual who has amounts invested on a discretionary basis, the aggregate of which is in excess of—
(I) $10,000,000; or
(II) $5,000,000 and who enters into the agreement, contract, or transaction in order to manage the risk associated with an asset owned or liability incurred, or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred, by the individual;
 
(B)
 
(i)                  a person described in clause (i), (ii), (iv), (v), (viii), (ix), or (x) of subparagraph (A) or in subparagraph (C), acting as broker or performing an equivalent agency function on behalf of another person described in subparagraph (A) or (C); or
 
(ii)        an investment adviser subject to regulation under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 [15 U.S.C. 80b–1 et seq.], a commodity trading advisor subject to regulation under this chapter, a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation, or a person described in clause (i), (ii), (iv), (v), (viii), (ix), or (x) of subparagraph (A) or in subparagraph (C), in any such case acting as investment manager or fiduciary (but excluding a person acting as broker or performing an equivalent agency function) for another person described in subparagraph (A) or (C) and who is authorized by such person to commit such person to the transaction; or
 
(C) any other person that the Commission determines to be eligible in light of the financial or other qualifications of the person.
 

 

Le diamo il benvenuto in Interactive Brokers

Overview: 

Una volta finanziato e approvato il proprio conto è possibile iniziare la propria attività di trading. Le informazioni di seguito indicate permettono di muovere i primi passi in qualità di nuovo cliente Interactive Brokers.

  1. Il proprio denaro
  2. Configurare il proprio conto per l'attività di trading
  3. Come effettuare trading
  4. Negoziare in tutto il mondo
  5. Cinque punti per ampliare la propria esperienza IB

 

 

1. Il proprio denaro
Versamenti e prelievi Informazioni generali. Tutte le transazioni sono amministrate tramite il sistema sicuro di Gestione conto
Versamenti
Innanzitutto, è necessario creare una notifica di versamento tramite Gestione conto > Finanziamento > Trasferimento fondi > Tipo di transazione: “Versamento” Come creare una notifica di versamento. Il secondo passaggio consiste nell'istruire la propria banca in merito al bonifico da emettere utilizzando i dettagli bancari forniti nella propria notifica di versamento.
Prelievi
È necessario creare le istruzioni di prelievo tramite il sitema sicuro di Gestione conto > Finanziamento > Trasferimento fondi > Tipo di transazione: "Prelievo" Come creare istruzioni di prelievo
Qualora si inoltrino istruzioni per un prelievo superiore ai limiti di prelievo previsti, questo verrà considerato un prelievo eccezionale e, di conseguenza, sarà necessario collegare il titolare del conto bancario al conto IB. Se il conto bancario ricevente è stato utilizzato per un versamento, il prelievo verrà processato; altrimenti, sarà necessario rivolgersi all'assistenza clienti e fornire la documentazione necessaria.
Risoluzione delle problematiche
Versamenti: se la propria banca ha inviato il denaro ma l'accredito dello stesso non è visualizzabile sul proprio conto IB. Possibili motivazioni:
a) Il trasferimento di fondi richiede circa 1-4 giorni lavorativi
b) Notifica di versamento mancante. È necessario crearla tramite il proprio sistema Gestione conto e inviare un ticket all'Assistenza clienti
c) Dettagli di modifica mancanti. Il proprio nome o il numero del conto IB non figura nei dettagli del trasferimento. È necessario contattare la propria banca per richiedere tutti i dettagli della modifica.
d) Gli ACH avviati presso IB prevedono un limite di 100K USD in un periodo di 7 giorni lavorativi. Qualora si apra un conto a margine di portafoglio con requisito iniziale di 110K, il bonifico bancario potrebbe rappresentare la soluzione di versamento migliore per ridurre i tempi di attesa relativi alla prima delle proprie transazioni. Qualora si selezioni l'opzione ACH, sarà necessario un tempo di attesa di circa due settimane oppure un declassamento temporaneo del conto a RegT.
Prelievi: se è stato richiesto un prelievo ma l'accredito del denaro non è visualizzabile sul proprio conto bancario. Possibili motivazioni:
a) Il trasferimento di fondi richiede circa 1-4 giorni lavorativi
b) Rifiutato. Oltre la soglia massima consentita per il prelievo. Si prega di controllare il saldo del proprio conto. Si prega di notare che, in base ai requisiti regolamentari, una volta versati i fondi, è previsto un periodo di attesa di tre giorni prima di poter procedere con il prelievo degli stessi.
c) La propria banca ha respinto i fondi. Probabilmente a causa della mancata corrispondenza tra il conto bancario ricevente e quello emittente.

 

2. Configurare il proprio conto per l'attività di trading
Differenza tra Conti cash e Conti a margine: se si sceglie l'applicazione FastTrack, il proprio conto diverrà automaticamente un conto cash con i permessi per le azioni statunitensi. Se si desidera beneficiare dell'effetto leva e negoziare a margine, si prega di consultare le presenti informazioni relative alla promozione del conto a conto a margine RegT
Permessi di trading
Per poter negoziare una particolare categoria di prodotti in un determinato Paese, è necessario ottenere i necessari permessi di trading tramite Gestione conto. Si prega di notare che i permessi di trading sono gratuiti. Tuttavia, potrebbe essere necessario dover firmare le informative sui rischi richieste dalle autorità di regolamentazione locali. Come richiedere i permessi di trading
Dati di mercato
Se si desidera disporre di dati di mercato in tempo reale per un particolare prodotto/mercato, è necessaria la sottoscrizione a un pacchetto dati di mercato addebitato dalla Borsa valori. Come effettuare la sottoscrizione ai dati di mercato
L'assistente dati di mercato fornisce assistenza nella scelta del pacchetto più adatto. Si prega di guardare questo Video che ne spiega il funzionamento.
I clienti hanno la possibilità di ricevere gratuitamente un pacchetto con dati di mercato differiti cliccando sul pulsante Dati di mercato differiti dalla riga di un ticker privo di sottoscrizione.
Conti per consulenti
Si consiglia di consultare rapidamente la guida utente primi passi per i consulenti per comprendere come aggiungere altri utenti al proprio conto consulente e assegnare loro l'accesso e molto altro ancora.

 

3. Come effettuare trading
Trader's University è lo spazio che permette di apprendere come utilizzare le nostre piattaforme. Qui è possibile trovare i nostri webinar dal vivo e registrati in 10 lingue diverse, oltre a tour e documentazione relativa alle nostre varie piattaforme di trading.
Trader Workstation (TWS)
I trader che necessitano di strumenti di investimento più sofisticati possono usufruire della nostra interfaccia progettata dai market maker, Trader Workstation (TWS), che permette di ottimizzare la velocità e l'efficienza di trading grazie a un'interfaccia di lavoro intuitiva, supporto su oltre 60 tipologie di ordine, strumenti di investimento specifici per tutte le strategie di trading, saldi contabili e monitoraggio della propria attività. L'offerta comprende due modelli:
TWS Mosaic: utilizzo intuitivo, facile accesso al trading, gestione degli ordini, liste prezzi e grafici, il tutto in un'unica finestra, oppure
TWS classica: gestione degli ordini avanzata per quei trader che necessitano di strumenti e algoritmi più avanzati.
Descrizione e informazioni generali / Guida rapida / Guida utente
Tour interattivi: Concetti base di TWS / Configurazione di TWS / TWS Mosaic
Come effettuare una transazione:  Video su TWS classica / Video su Mosaic
Strumenti di trading: Descrizione e informazioni generaliGuida utente
Requisiti: Installazione di Java per Windows / Installazione di Java per MAC / Necessaria l'apertura delle porte 4000 e 4001
Login a TWSDownload di TWS
WebTrader
Quei trader che preferiscono un'interfaccia semplice e lineare possono utilizzare il nostro WebTrader su base HTML, che semplifica la visualizzazione dei dati di mercato, l'invio degli ordini e il monitoraggio del proprio conto e delle proprie operazioni. L'ultima versione di WebTrader è adatta a tutti i browser
Guida rapida / Guida utente di WebTrader
Introduzione: Video su WebTrader
Come effettuare una transazione: Video su WebTrader
Login a WebTrader
MobileTrader
Le nostre soluzioni mobili permettono di negoziare in mobilità con il proprio conto IB. Le applicazioni mobileTWS per iOS e mobileTWS per BlackBerry sono personalizzate per questi modelli più famosi, mentre la versione generica MobileTrader supporta la maggior parte degli altri dispositivi smartphone.
Descrizione e informazioni generali
Tipologie di ordini Tipologie di ordini disponibili e descrizione / Video / Tour / Guida utente
Paper Trading Descrizione e informazioni generali / Come ottenere un conto di Paper Trading
Una volta creato il proprio conto di paper trading, è possibile condividere i dati di mercato del proprio conto reale con il proprio conto di paper trading: Gestione conto > Gestione conto > Impostazioni > Paper trading

 
4. Negoziare in tutto il mondo
I conti IB sono in molteplici valute. Il proprio conto può detenere differenti valute allo stesso momento, al fine di poter negoziare molteplici prodotti in tutto il mondo da un unico conto.
Valuta di base
La propria valuta di base determina la conversione della valuta per i propri rendiconti e la valuta utilizzata per determinare i requisiti di margine. La valuta di base è determinata al momento dell'apertura del proprio conto. I clienti possono cambiare la propria valuta di base in ogni monento da Gestione conto.
Le valute non vengono automaticamente convertite nella valuta di base del cliente
La conversione valutaria deve essere effettuata manualmente dal cliente. In questo video è possibile apprendere come effettuare una conversione della valuta.
Per poter aprire una posizione denominata in una valuta non presente nel proprio conto, si hanno a disposizione due possibilità:
A) Conversione della valuta.
B) Prestito a margine IB. (Non disponibile per i conti cash)
Si prega di accedere a questo corso che illustra i meccanismi delle transazioni in valuta estera.

 

5. Cinque punti per ampliare la propria conoscenza IB
1. Ricerca dei contratti
Qui è possibile trovare tutti i nostri prodotti, simboli e specifiche.
2. Knowledge Base IB
Il Knowledge Base è un archivio contenente termini del glossario, articoli esplicativi, suggerimenti e linee guida circa la risoluzione delle problematiche progettato per offrire supporto ai clienti IB nella gestione dei propri conti. È sufficiente digitare un termine nel pulsante di ricerca per ottenere la risposta desiderata.
3. Gestione conto
Mentre le nostre piettaforme di trading offrono accesso ai mercati, Gestione conto garantisce l'accesso al proprio conto IB. Tramite Gestione conto è possibile gestire le operazioni relative al propprio conto come, per esempio, versamento o prelievo di fondi, visualizzare i propri rendiconti, modificare le sottoscrizioni ai dati di mercato e alle notizie, emendare i propri permessi di trading e verificare o modificare i propri dati personali.
Accedere a Gestione conto / Guida rapida di Gestione conto / Guida utente di Gestione conto
4. Sistema di accesso sicuro
Per fornire ai propri clienti il massimo livello di sicurezza online, Interactive Brokers ha messo a punto un Sistema di accesso sicuro (SLS) che sottopone l'accesso al proprio conto a un particolare tipo di autenticazione a due livelli. Il sistema di autenticazione a due livelli serve a confermare la propria identità al momento del login utilizzando due livelli di sicurezza: 1) Le informazioni in proprio possesso (la combinazione del proprio nome utente e della password); e 2) Il dispositivo in proprio possesso (un dispositivo di sicurezza creato da IB che genera un codice di sicurezza casuale monouso). Dato che la procedura di accesso al proprio conto richiede sia la conoscenza delle proprie credenziali (nome utente e password) sia il possesso fisico del dispositivo, la partecipazione al Sistema di accesso sicuro potenzialmente impedisce a qualunque persona non autorizzata di accedere al proprio conto.
Come attivare il proprio dispositivo di sicurezza / Come ottenere una carta codici di sicurezza / Come restituire il dispositivo di sicurezza
In caso di smarrimento della propria password o della propria carta codici di sicurezza, si prega di contattarci per richiedere assistenza immediata.
5. Relazioni e rendiconti
Di facile visualizzazione e personalizzazione, i nostri rendiconti e relazioni coprono tutti gli aspetti del proprio conto Interactive Brokers. Come visualizzare un Rendiconto attività

 

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