IB Australia Account Types and Products Offerings

Interactive Brokers Australia Pty Ltd (“IB Australia”), which holds an Australian Financial Services License (“AFSL” No. 453554), has been established. IB Australia is headquartered in Sydney and has been set up to provide services to our Australian clients. IB Australia clients, products and services have some unique characteristics when compared to the Interactive Brokers (“IBKR”) global account and product suite. The purpose of this document is to outline these characteristics of the IB Australia offering.

Account Types

IB Australia offers Cash accounts to Individual / Joint / Self-Managed Superannuation Fund (“SMSF”) account holders and both Cash and Margin accounts to Corporate clients (including corporate trust account holders). Please note, margin-enabled accounts are only currently available for Corporate accounts (including corporate trust accounts) that are classified as a Wholesale/Professional investor.

In the case of a Trust with multiple trustees in order to qualify for a margin-enabled account, none of the trustees may be a natural person (e.g. individual) (i.e. all trustees must be corporate entities) and all must be classified as a Wholesale/Professional investor. Click [Here] for more information on Australian Retail, Wholesale or Professional Investor Status.

Furthermore, margin accounts under IB Australia will employ a risk-based model to calculate margin requirements.

Cash Accounts

IB Australia offer three different types of cash accounts:

  • Investment account
  • Trading account
  • SMSF account (only available to Self-Managed Superannuation Fund)

Investment Account: Similar to the IBLLC Cash account model, the IB Australia Investment account does not allow you to short securities or to borrow funds, i.e. your account cannot have a debit balance. Moreover, only a limited number of options strategies will be available. This account is not eligible for reduced intraday Futures margin.

This account is available for all clients except SMSF clients.

Trading Account: While this is also a cash account that does not permit you to have a debit balance, you will be permitted to short stock and trade any of the available option strategies in the Trading Account, provided that you have the requisite trading experience and expertise, which is outlined [Here]. Further, Trading Accounts enable you to trade with unsettled funds.

If you currently have an Investment Account, you can submit a change of account type to change to a Trading Account by logging into the Client Portal > Settings > Account Settings > under Configuration, click the Configure tool next to Account Type. This may take 2-3 business days to review.

This account is available for all clients except SMSF clients.

SMSF: This is only available to SMSF clients. This is a cash account that does not permit you to short securities or to borrow funds, i.e. your account cannot have a debit balance. Moreover, only a limited number of options strategies will be available. This account is not eligible for reduced intraday Futures margin.

The options strategies that are available in the Investment Account and the SMSF account are as follows:

  • Long Call or Put
  • Covered Calls
  • Short Put
  • Call Spread; exdate(long) >= exdate(short)
  • Put Spread; exdate(long) >= exdate(short)
  • Long / Short Butterfly
  • Iron Condor

Margin Accounts

IB Australia offer two different types of margin accounts:

  • Leveraqed Trading account
  • Professional account

At this stage, IB Australia has decided to only offer margin-enabled accounts to a corporate entity which is NOT designated as a retail client (i.e. the account is either a wholesale or professional investor).

Leveraged Trading Account: If the eligible account holder qualifies as a wholesale client and has provided the completed wholesale booklet to IB Australia, you can request to upgrade to a Leveraged Trading Account. This account operates on a risk based margin model. Clients with this account have the capability to create portfolios to the maximum degree of risk taking /leverage allowed by IB Australia.

Professional Account: If the eligible account holder qualifies as a professional investor and has provided the completed professional investor booklet to IB Australia, you can request to upgrade to a Professional Account. This account runs on a risk based margin model. Clients with this account have the capability to create portfolios to the maximum degree of risk taking /leverage allowed by IB Australia.

Refer to this link for information regarding Australian regulatory status under IB Australia.

Please click [Here] to download the wholesale investor booklet, and click [Here] to download the professional investor booklet.

CFD Product Offering

As a client of IB Australia, provided that you have the requisite trading experience and expertise, which is outlined [Here], you will be able to trade all of exchange traded products available (including local and global stocks, options, futures, bonds, ETFs etc.) through IBKR’s award winning trading platform and software. In addition, you may also trade our Stock, Index and FX CFDs and Spot FX over the counter all within the one IB Australia account.

In addition, IB Australia issue Contracts for Difference (“CFDs”) over global shares, indices and FX. These are only available to IB Australia clients. For further information on IB Australia's products and services, please see our website.

Refer to this link for information on IBAU’s share CFDs.
Refer to this link for information on IBAU’s index CFDs.
Refer to this link for information on IBAU’s FX CFDs.

FX Offering

IB Australia can only support currencies in AUD, USD, EUR and GBP and you can convert between these currencies. If you have cash balances in currencies other than IBA supported currencies (AUD, USD, GBP or EUR) these will to be converted into your nominated base currency.

IBAU clients, when permissioned, can trade in any market available across the IBKR network, even those outside the 4 supported currencies above. However, upon your instruction for any market outside the 4 supported currencies, IB Australia will automatically execute Forex conversions to ensure non-supported cash balances be cleared.

For example, if an IB Australia client using a Cash account wishes to buy HKD denominated securities, as long
as the client has sufficient available funds, the trade is permitted. To settle the trade, IB Australia will convert the existing cash balances into HKD. Similarly at a later date, if the same client wishes to sell their HKD denominated securities, IB Australia would automatically convert the HKD proceeds to the base currency by day end, once again leaving no residual HKD cash balances.

If an IB Australia client using a margin account has any positive or negative cash balances outside of the 4 supported currencies, it will be automatically converted to base currency by day end.

ASX24

In order to ensure continued compliance with our regulatory obligations, IB Australia will NOT accept any other form of collateral except cash for the purposes of determining whether you can trade or hold ASX24 products. If the margin requirements of ASX24 products cannot be met using cash, your account will be subject to automated liquidation.

 

盈透证券(英国)有限公司 – MiFID分类

简介

欧盟《金融工具市场法规(MiFID)》及其后修订版MiFID II要求盈透证券英国有限公司【Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited (IBUK)】根据客户的知识水平、经验和专长将客户分为“零售客户”、“专业客户”或“合格对手方”这几类。 

根据英国金融行为监管局(“FCA”)的法规,IBUK将大多数客户归为零售客户,为其提供较高层次的保护。
 
只有受监管的实体或由受监管的基金经理管理的基金才会被归为专业客户。

专业客户与零售客户在监管保障方面的主要区别有:

1. 组合投资的性质与风险说明:以其它服务或产品作为协议条件向零售客户提供投资服务的公司必须:(i) 告知零售投资者组合协议的风险是否与各组成部分单独对应的风险有所不同;并(ii) 向零售客户提供协议不同组成部分的充分说明以及各部分相互作用改变风险的方式。上述要求不适用于专业客户。但是,除了下方第3点的情况外,IBUK的处理方法并不会有太多不同。

2. 差价合约(”CFD“)的投资者保护措施:欧洲证券与市场管理局(”ESMA“)针对向零售客户提供差价合约推出了干预措施。措施包括:(i) 对开仓头寸实施新的杠杆限制,根据底层证券的波动率而定;(ii) 以单个账户为单位的保证金平仓规则,标准化了供应商必须平仓一个或多个未结差价合约的保证金百分比水平;(iii) 以单个账户为单位的负余额保护规则;
(iv) 限制交易差价合约的奖励;以及(v) 标准化风险警示,包括披露差价合约供应商出现亏损的零售投资者账户的百分比。上述要求不适用于专业客户。

3. 与客户的沟通:公司必须确保其与所有客户的沟通均清楚、公证、不具误导性。但是,公司与专业客户沟通(有关其自身、其服务与产品以及其报酬)的方式则可能会和与零售客户沟通的方式不同。公司在信息提供的详细程度、使用的工具以及时间选择方面的责任都会根据客户是零售客户还是专业客户而会有所不同。发送某些产品特定文件(如零售及保险投资产品组合(“PRIIP”)关键信息文件(“KID”)的要求不适用于专业客户。

4. 价值减损报告: 若零售客户账户持有杠杆金融产品头寸或涉及或有负债交易,则如果各产品的初始价值下降10%且之后以10%的倍数下跌,则公司必须通知零售客户。上述要求不适用于专业客户。

5. 合适性:在评估非咨询(non-advised)服务的合适性时,公司须确定客户是否具备必要的经验和知识,能够了解所提供或需求之产品或服务相关的风险。该等合适性评估要求应用到客户时,公司会认为专业客户具备必要的经验和知识了解其被分类为专业客户的该等特定投资服务或交易、或该等类型交易或产品相关的风险。但公司不会对零售客户作此假设,而是必须确定零售客户确实具备必要的经验和知识水平。
 

IBUK提供非咨询服务,在评估既定服务或产品的合适性时,不需要像对零售客户那样对专业客户索取信息或遵守评估程序,如果不能确定某一既定服务或产品的合适性,IBUK也不需要向专业客户发出警告。 

6. 责任免除:在FCA法规下,公司针对零售客户免除或限制其自身责任或义务的能力比针对专业客户时要弱。

7. 金融服务申诉机构:英国金融申诉服务机构对专业客户不可用,除非其是,例如,在其自身行业、业务、技能或专业之外行动的消费者、小型企业或个人。

8. 补偿: IBUK是英国金融服务补偿计划的参与成员。如果IBUK不能履行对您的义务,您有权从该计划索取赔偿。这取决于业务的类型以及索赔的情况;补偿仅对某些类型的索赔人和某些类型的业务可用。从补偿计划获取补偿的资格将根据计划适用的规则确定。
 

重新分类为专业客户

IBUK允许其零售客户申请重新分类为专业客户。我们会告知客户其客户分类,并且客户可随时在账户管理(设置>账户设置>MiFID客户类别)中进行查看。客户也可从本页面请求更改其MiFID分类。

在下方两种情况下,IBUK会考虑将零售客户重新分类为专业客户:

1. 固有专业客户可以通知IBUK,因至少满足以下一项条件,其认为其自身根据FCA规则应该被分类为固有专业客户:

(i) 被授权或受监管在金融市场运作;或

(ii) 公司层面满足下方规模要求中任意两项的大型事业:

(a) 资产负债表总额达20,000,000欧元;
(b) 净营业额达40,000,000欧元;
(c) 自有资金达2,000,000欧元;

(iii) 主要活动为投资金融产品的机构投资者。这包括致力于资产证券化或其它融资交易的实体。

2. 如果基于对客户技能、经验和知识的评估,IBUK有理由相信,考虑所设想之交易或服务的性质,客户能够自行做出投资决定并了解其中风险,则IBUK会将客户作为选择性专业客户。不满足固有专业客户要求的客户仍然可以申请被分类为选择性专业客户。

要获得重新分类,零售客户必须提供证据证明其至少满足以下标准中的两项:

1. 在过去4个季度,客户进行大额金融产品交易的平均频率达每季度10次。

IBUK会考虑以下条件来确定大额交易:

a. 过去4个季度内,进行了至少40笔交易;
b. 过去4个季度内每个季度至少进行了1笔交易;
c. 过去4个季度内进行的最大的40笔交易总名义价值大于200,000欧元;
d. 账户净资产价值大于50,000欧元。

现货外汇和未分配OTC金属交易不纳入计算。

2. 客户持有的金融产品(包括现金)投资组合超过500,000欧元(或等值);

3. 客户是个人账户持有人或机构账户交易者,且其至少有一年在金融行业要求具备产品知识的专业岗位工作的经验。

审核并验证客户提供的信息和证明资料后,如果所有相关条件均已符合,则IBUK会对客户进行重新分类。

申请重新分类为专业客户的零售客户在提交相关申请前,必须阅读并了解IBUK的警告信息。

重新分类为零售客户 专业客户可以在上述同一账户管理页面(设置>账户设置>MiFID客户类别)向IBUK提出申请将其重新分类为零售客户。

除了受监管实体或由受监管基金经理管理的基金应分类为固有专业客户外,IBUK可接受所有此类请求。

本信息仅用于指导盈透证券全披露清算服务客户。
注:以上信息不作为全面穷尽式指南,也不是对法规的权威性解释,而是对IBUK对待客户分类和重新分类政策之方法的总结。

 

 

Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited – MiFID Categorisation

Introduction

The European Union legislative act known as the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive, or MiFID, as amended by MiFID II, requires Interactive Brokers (U.K.) Limited (IBUK) to classify each Client according to their knowledge, experience and expertise: "Retail", "Professional" or "Eligible Counterparty". 

In accordance with the Financial Conduct Authority rules, IBUK categorises most clients as Retail clients, providing them with a higher degree of protection.
 
Only those clients that are either regulated entities or funds managed by regulated fund managers, are categorised as Per Se Professional Clients.

The main differences in regulatory protections afforded to Professional Clients as compared with Retails Clients are:

1. Description of the nature and risks of packaged investments: A firm that offers an investment service with another service or product or as a condition of the same agreement with a retail client must: (i) inform retail clients if the risks resulting from the agreement are likely to be different from the risks associated with the components when taken separately; and (ii) provide retail clients with an adequate description of the different components of the agreement and the way in which its interaction modifies the risks. The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients. However, IBUK will not make such differentiation apart from the case specified under point 3 below.

2. Investor protection measures on the provision of Contracts for Differences (“CFDs”): The European Securities and Markets Authority (“ESMA”) introduced product intervention measures on the provision of CFDs to retail investors. The measures include: (i) New leverage limits on the opening of a position, which vary according to the volatility of the underlying; (ii) A margin close out rule on a per account basis that standardises the percentage of margin at which providers are required to close out one or more open CFDs; (iii) Negative balance protection on a per account basis;
(iv) A restriction on the incentives offered to trade CFDs; and (v) A standardised risk warning, including the percentage of losses on a CFD provider’s retail investor accounts.The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients.

3. Communication with clients: A firm must ensure that its communications with all clients are fair, clear and not misleading. However, the way in which a firm may communicate with professional clients (about itself, its services and products, and its remuneration) may be different from the way in which the firm communicates with retail clients. A firm’s obligations in respect of the level of details, medium and timing of the provision of information are different depending on whether the client is a retail or professional client. The requirements to deliver certain product-specific documents, such as Key Information Documents (“KID”) for Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (“PRIIPs”), are not applied to professional clients.

4. Depreciation in value reporting: A firm that holds a retail client account that includes positions in leveraged financial instruments or contingent liability transactions must inform the retail client, where the initial value of each instrument depreciates by 10 per cent and thereafter at multiples of 10 per cent. The above requirements do not apply in respect of professional clients.

5. Appropriateness: When assessing appropriateness for non-advised services, a firm may be required to determine whether the client has the necessary experience and knowledge in order to understand the risks involved in relation to the product or service offered or demanded. Where such an appropriateness assessment requirement applies in respect of a client, the firm may assume that a professional client has the necessary experience and knowledge in order to understand the risks involved in relation to those particular investment services or transactions, or types of transaction or product, for which the client is classified as a professional client. A firm may not make such an assumption for a retail client and must determine that a retail client does have the necessary level of experience and knowledge.
 

IBUK provides non-advised services and is not required to request information or adhere to the assessment procedures for a professional client when assessing the appropriateness of a given service or product as with a retail client, and IBUK may not be required to give warnings to the professional client if it cannot determine appropriateness with respect to a given service or product. 

6. Exclusion of liability: Firms’ ability to exclude or restrict any duty or liability owed to clients is narrower under the FCA rules in the case of retail clients than in respect of professional clients.

7. The Financial Services Ombudsman: The services of the Financial Ombudsman Service in the UK may not be available to professional clients, unless they are, for example, consumers, small businesses or individuals acting outside of their trade, business, craft or profession.

8. Compensation: IBUK is a member of the UK Financial Services Compensation Scheme. You may be entitled to claim compensation from that scheme if IBUK cannot meet its obligations to you. This will depend on the type of business and the circumstances of the claim; compensation is only available for certain types of claimants and claims in respect of certain types of business. Eligibility for compensation from the scheme is determined under the rules applicable to the scheme.
 

Re-categorisation as Professional Client

IBUK allows its Retail Clients to request to be re-categorised as Professional Clients. Clients are notified of their Client Category and can check it at any time from Account Management, under Settings> Account Settings> MiFID Client Category. From this same screen, Clients can also request to change their MiFID Category.

IBUK will consider re-categorising Retail Clients to Professional Clients in two instances:

1. Per Se Professional Clients can notify IBUK that they consider that they should have been categorised as Per Se Professionals under the FCA rules, because at least one of the following conditions applies:

(i) authorised or regulated to operate in the financial markets; or

(ii) a large undertaking meeting two of the following size requirements on a company basis:

(a) balance sheet total of EUR 20,000,000;
(b) net turnover of EUR 40,000,000;
(c) own funds of EUR 2,000,000;

(iii) an institutional investor whose main activity is to invest in financial instruments. This includes entities dedicated to the securitisation of assets or other financing transactions.

2. IBUK may treat Clients as Elective Professional Clients if, based on an assessment of the Client’s expertise, experience, and knowledge, IBUK is reasonably assured that, in light of the nature of the transactions or services envisaged, the Client is capable of making its own investment decisions and understand the risks involved. Clients who do not meet the requirements to be categorised as Per Se Professional Clients can still request to be categorised as Elective Professional Clients.

To obtain such re-categorisation, Retail Clients must provide evidence that they satisfy at least two (2) of the following criteria:

1. Over the last four (4) quarters, the Client conducted trades in financial instruments in significant size at an average frequency of ten (10) per quarter.

To determine the significant size IBUK considers the following:

a. During the last four quarters, there were at least forty (40) trades; and
b. During each of the last four (4) quarters, there was at least one (1) trade; and
c. The total notional value of the top forty (40) trades of the last four (4) quarters is greater than EUR 200,000; and
d. The account has a net asset value greater than EUR 50,000.

Trades in Spot FX and Unallocated OTC Metals are not considered for the purpose of this calculation.

2. The Client holds a portfolio of financial instruments (including cash) that exceeds EUR 500,000 (or equivalent);

3. The Client is an individual accountholder or a trader of an organisation account who works or has worked in the financial sector for at least one year in a professional position which requires knowledge of products it trades in.

Upon review and verification of the information and supporting evidence provided, IBUK will re-categorise clients if all relevant conditions are met to satisfaction.

Retail Clients requesting to be re-categorised as Professional Accounts must read and understand the warning provided by IBUK before the relevant request is submitted.

Re-categorisation as Retail Client Professional Clients can request IBUK to be re-categorised as Retail Clients, from the same Account Management page described above (under Settings> Account Settings> MiFID Client Category).

With the sole exception of regulated entities or funds managed by regulated fund managers, which are categorised as Per Se Professional Clients, IBUK accepts all such requests.

THIS INFORMATION IS GUIDANCE FOR INTERACTIVE BROKERS FULLY DISCLOSED CLEARED CUSTOMERS ONLY.
NOTE: THE INFORMATION ABOVE IS NOT INTENDED TO BE A COMPREHENSIVE, EXHAUSTIVE NOR A DEFINITIVE INTERPRETATION OF THE REGULATION, BUT A SUMMARY OF IBUK’S APPROACH TO CLIENT CATEGORISATION AND RE-CATEGORISATION POLICY.

 

 

Converting From an Individual to Trust Account

The process of converting from an individual account to a trust account is outlined below: 

1. As the trust account structure differs from that of the individual in terms of account holder information required, legal agreements and, in certain cases, taxpayer status, direct conversion is not supported and a new trust account application must be completed online.

The online trust application may be initiated by visiting www.ibkr.com and clicking the "Open Account" button. Be sure to request trading permissions and, if necessary, margin status, sufficient to maintain the positions currently carried in your individual account. Note that if your account is managed by a financial advisor or you are a client of an introducing broker, please contact your advisor or broker to initiate the new application (you may need to make arrangements with your advisor or broker for fees that have accrued but not yet paid when the individual account closes).

2. The trust account application requires Compliance review and approval and documentation evidencing the creation of the trust and proof of identity and address of trustees may also be required. If this is the case, notice as to the required documents and how to submit will be provided at the conclusion of the online application.

3. Once you have received an email confirming approval of the trust account application, send a request from your Message Center authorizing IB to manually transfer positions from your Individual to trust account. Prior to submitting the request you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.

Due to the manual steps and scheduling required, you should allow a minimum of one week after trust account approval and submitting your request for the transfer to take effect.


IMPORTANT NOTES

1. Note that exchange regulations preclude ownership transfer of derivative contracts such as futures and options. If you are holding such positions you would either need to close them prior to the transfer taking place or request that they remain in your individual account.

2. Prior to processing the transfer, you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.

3. The SMA (Special Memorandum Account) balance in your individual account will not transfer to the trust account. In certain cases this may impact your ability to open new positions in the trust account on the first day after the transfer is completed.

4. Elective options such as market data subscriptions and participation in IB's Yield Enhancement Program will not be carried over to the trust account and must be re-initiated to continue. Note that trusts are often classified as Professionals for market data subscription purposes which generally implies higher subscription rates than that for Non-Professionals.

5. The cost basis of transferred positions as reported in the activity statements will remain unchanged for tax purposes. The cost basis as reported in your trading platform (which is not used for tax reporting purposes) will not transfer over to the trust account but may be manually adjusted.

6. Once the transfer has been completed and assuming all positions have been transferred your individual account will be designated for automatic closure. Note that certain balances such as dividend accruals can’t be transferred until paid, after which they will then be transferred and your individual account closed.

7. You'll receive any applicable tax forms for the reportable activity transacted in each of your individual and trust accounts at year end. Access to Account Management for you individual account will remain after it has been closed for the purpose of reviewing and printing activity statements and tax forms.

8. IBKR does not provide tax advice or investment guidance and recommends that account holder consult with qualified professionals to determine any legal, tax or estate planning consequences associated with individual to trust transfer requests.
 

Free Riding Rule

In a cash account, an investor must pay for the purchase of a security (meaning, the trade must settle) prior to selling that security. If an investor buys a security and then sells that same security without paying for the security in full by settlement date, the investor is considered to be “free riding.” Accounts that commit free riding violations will be restricted for 90 days, during which time the account can only purchase securities using settled funds.

Free riding examples that would be considered a violation at Interactive Brokers

Example A:

1) On T, the account has settled cash of $10,000

2) On T, the account buys ABC for $10,000

3) On T+1, the account sells ABC and buys $10,000 of XYZ

4) The customer sells the XYZ shares without depositing sufficient funds to pay for the purchase of XYZ in full

 

Example B:

1) On T, the account has fully paid for stock in ABC and no excess cash

2) On T, the account sells $10,000 of ABC

3) On T, the account buys $10,000 of XYZ

4) On T+1, the account sells the XYZ shares without depositing sufficient funds to pay for the purchase of XYZ in full

 

The end of day surveillance process would consider both of these scenarios to be free riding violations, which would restrict the account to only purchase using settled funds for 90 days. IB has put certain controls in place to help prevent free riding violations.

 

Can I have more than two individuals on a joint account?

IB offers three types of joint accounts: Tenants with Rights of Suvivorship, Tenancy in Common and Community Property. Each of these joint account types is limited to two account holders.

Applicants interested in opening an account with muliple owners in excess of two may consider the corporate, partnrship, limited liability company or unincorporated legal structure account types offered by IB.  Note that documentation establishing proof of formation and address are generally required at the point of application.

Converting From a Single to Joint Account

The process of adding a second owner to an existing single account for purposes of converting to a joint account is outlined below:

1.       As the joint account structure differs from that of the individual in terms of account holder information required, legal agreements and, in certain cases, taxpayer status, direct conversion is not supported and a new joint account application must be completed online.
 
The joint application may be initiated online from the single account by logging into Account Management and clicking the Settings and Account Settings options followed by clicking the gear icon next to the words "Create, Move, Link or Partition an Account" in the Configuration section. This process will allow you to retain your existing user name, password and security device for purposes of operating the joint account. Be sure to request trading permissions and, if necessary, margin status, sufficient to maintain the positions currently carried in your individual account.  Note that if your account is managed by a financial advisor or you are a client of an introducing broker, please contact your advisor or broker to initiate the new application (you may need to make arrangements with your advisor or broker for fees that have accrued but not yet paid if the individual account closes).
 
The joint account application requires Compliance review and approval and documentation evidencing the identity and address of the second account holder may be required. If this is the case, notice as to the required documents and how to submit will be provided at the conclusion of the online application.
 
 
2.       Once you have received an email confirming approval of the joint account application, send a request from your Message Center authorizing IB to manually transfer positions from your single to joint account. Prior to submitting the request you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.
 
Due to the manual steps and scheduling required, you should allow a minimum of one week after joint account approval and submitting your request for the transfer to take effect. 

 

IMPORTANT NOTES
 
1.       Note that exchange regulations preclude ownership transfer of derivative contracts such as futures and options. If you are holding such positions you would either need to close them prior to the transfer taking place or request that they remain in your individual account.
 
2.       Prior to processing the transfer, you should make sure to close all open orders in the individual account to ensure that no executions take place following the transfer.
 
3.       The SMA (Special Memorandum Account) balance in your individual account will not transfer to the joint account. In certain cases this may impact your ability to open new positions in the joint account on the first day after the transfer is completed.
 
4.       Elective options such as market data subscriptions and participation in IB's Yield Enhancement Program will not be carried over to the joint account and must be re-initiated to continue.
 
5.       The cost basis of transferred positions as reported in the activity statements will remain unchanged for tax purposes.  The cost basis as reported in your trading platform (which is not used for tax reporting purposes) will not transfer over to the joint account but may be manually adjusted.
 
6.       Once the transfer has been completed and assuming all positions have been transferred your individual account will be designated for automatic closure. Note that certain balances such as dividend accruals can’t be transferred until paid, after which they will then be transferred and your individual account closed.
 
7.       You'll receive any applicable tax forms for the reportable activity transacted in each of your individual and joint accounts at year end. Access to Account Management for you individual account will remain after it has been closed for the purpose of reviewing and printing activity statements and tax forms.
 
8.       IBKR does not provide tax advice or investment guidance and recommends that account holder consult with qualified professionals to determine any legal, tax or estate planning consequences associated with single to joint transfer requests.

Designation of Eligible Contract Participant

Account holders may designate their status as an Eligible Contract Participant (ECP) by completing an online questionnaire provided via Account Management.  In the case where the account holder has provided information via the application process which suggests that they meet the ECP financial and/or organizational qualifications (see KB2731), the questionnaire is posted online in Account Management.  If the information submitted at the point of application does not support ECP qualification, the account holder may update their information online to obtain the questionnaire.  Outlined below are the steps necessary to access the questionnaire.

 

Step 1. Determine if the ECP questionnaire has been posted to your account:

For individual accounts, log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Account Information, and then Investor Category menu options. If you reported net worth in excess of the minimum qualifying threshold, you will be provided with the ECP questionnaire. Note that account holders reporting net worth below the ECP qualifying threshold may be provided with questionnaires for different investor categories (i.e., Accredited Investor).

For organization accounts, log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Account Information, and then Investor Category menu options. If your organization is of a specified category (e.g., registered broker dealer, FCM) or reported net worth in excess of the minimum qualifying threshold, you will be provided with the ECP questionnaire. Note that organizations reporting net worth below the ECP qualifying threshold may be provided with questionnaires for different investor categories (i.e., Qualified Purchaser).

If the ECP questionnaire has been posted to your account, complete and acknowledge the document via electronic signature.  If the questionnaire has not been posted to your account, follow Step 2 below.

 

Step 2. Update your account information:

For individual and organization accounts, if your net worth exceeds the minimum qualifying threshold of $10 million, you may log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Account Information, Details and then Financial Information menu options. Included on that page will be a section where account holders can update and confirm their financial information.  Note that updates to this information are subject to review by our Compliance Department prior to taking effect. Once changes have taken effect and, assuming those changes meet the qualifying threshold, the ECP questionnaire will be made available as noted in Step 1 above.

Eligible Contract Participant - Definition

IMPORTANT: Note that regulations are subject to change and clients are responsible for determining whether or not they qualify as an ECP. Please refer to "7 U.S. Code § 1a – Definitions" to ensure you are reviewing the most current definition of an ECP.

Account holders should take note of the below excerpt from the definition which is likely to be the most relevant.

(xi) an individual who has amounts invested on a discretionary basis, the aggregate of which is in excess of—
(I) $10,000,000; or
(II) $5,000,000 and who enters into the agreement, contract, or transaction in order to manage the risk associated with an asset owned or liability incurred, or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred, by the individual;

 

(18) Eligible contract participant
The term “eligible contract participant” means—
 
(A) acting for its own account—
 
(i)                  a financial institution;
 
(ii)                an insurance company that is regulated by a State, or that is regulated by a foreign government and is subject to comparable regulation as determined by the Commission, including a regulated subsidiary or affiliate of such an insurance company;
 
(iii)               an investment company subject to regulation under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a–1 et seq.) or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation (regardless of whether each investor in the investment company or the foreign person is itself an eligible contract participant);
 
(iv)       a commodity pool that—
(I) has total assets exceeding $5,000,000; and
(II) is formed and operated by a person subject to regulation under this chapter or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation (regardless of whether each investor in the commodity pool or the foreign person is itself an eligible contract participant) provided, however, that for purposes of section 2(c)(2)(B)(vi) of this title and section 2(c)(2)(C)(vii) of this title, the term “eligible contract participant” shall not include a commodity pool in which any participant is not otherwise an eligible contract participant;
 
(v)        a corporation, partnership, proprietorship, organization, trust, or other entity—
(I) that has total assets exceeding $10,000,000;
(II) the obligations of which under an agreement, contract, or transaction are guaranteed or otherwise supported by a letter of credit or keepwell, support, or other agreement by an entity described in subclause (I), in clause (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), or (vii), or in subparagraph (C); or
(III) that—
(aa) has a net worth exceeding $1,000,000; and
(bb) enters into an agreement, contract, or transaction in connection with the conduct of the entity’s business or to manage the risk associated with an asset or liability owned or incurred or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred by the entity in the conduct of the entity’s business;
 
(vi)       an employee benefit plan subject to the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (29 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.), a governmental employee benefit plan, or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation—
(I) that has total assets exceeding $5,000,000; or
(II) the investment decisions of which are made by—
(aa) an investment adviser or commodity trading advisor subject to regulation under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80b–1 et seq.) or this chapter;
(bb) a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation;
(cc) a financial institution; or
(dd) an insurance company described in clause (ii), or a regulated subsidiary or affiliate of such an insurance company;
(vii)
(I) a governmental entity (including the United States, a State, or a foreign government) or political subdivision of a governmental entity;
(II) a multinational or supranational government entity; or
(III) an instrumentality, agency, or department of an entity described in subclause (I) or (II); except that such term does not include an entity, instrumentality, agency, or department referred to in subclause (I) or (III) of this clause unless (aa) the entity, instrumentality, agency, or department is a person described in clause (i), (ii), or (iii) of paragraph (17)(A); (bb) the entity, instrumentality, agency, or department owns and invests on a discretionary basis $50,000,000 or more in investments; or (cc) the agreement, contract, or transaction is offered by, and entered into with, an entity that is listed in any of subclauses (I) through (VI) of section 2(c)(2)(B)(ii) of this title;
(viii)
(I) a broker or dealer subject to regulation under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.) or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation, except that, if the broker or dealer or foreign person is a natural person or proprietorship, the broker or dealer or foreign person shall not be considered to be an eligible contract participant unless the broker or dealer or foreign person also meets the requirements of clause (v) or (xi);
(II) an associated person of a registered broker or dealer concerning the financial or securities activities of which the registered person makes and keeps records under section 15C(b) or 17(h) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78o–5(b), 78q(h));
(III) an investment bank holding company (as defined in section 17(i) [2] of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. 78q(i)); [3]
 
(ix)       a futures commission merchant subject to regulation under this chapter or a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation, except that, if the futures commission merchant or foreign person is a natural person or proprietorship, the futures commission merchant or foreign person shall not be considered to be an eligible contract participant unless the futures commission merchant or foreign person also meets the requirements of clause (v) or (xi);
 
(x)        a floor broker or floor trader subject to regulation under this chapter in connection with any transaction that takes place on or through the facilities of a registered entity (other than an electronic trading facility with respect to a significant price discovery contract) or an exempt board of trade, or any affiliate thereof, on which such person regularly trades; or
 
(xi)       an individual who has amounts invested on a discretionary basis, the aggregate of which is in excess of—
(I) $10,000,000; or
(II) $5,000,000 and who enters into the agreement, contract, or transaction in order to manage the risk associated with an asset owned or liability incurred, or reasonably likely to be owned or incurred, by the individual;
 
(B)
 
(i)                  a person described in clause (i), (ii), (iv), (v), (viii), (ix), or (x) of subparagraph (A) or in subparagraph (C), acting as broker or performing an equivalent agency function on behalf of another person described in subparagraph (A) or (C); or
 
(ii)        an investment adviser subject to regulation under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 [15 U.S.C. 80b–1 et seq.], a commodity trading advisor subject to regulation under this chapter, a foreign person performing a similar role or function subject as such to foreign regulation, or a person described in clause (i), (ii), (iv), (v), (viii), (ix), or (x) of subparagraph (A) or in subparagraph (C), in any such case acting as investment manager or fiduciary (but excluding a person acting as broker or performing an equivalent agency function) for another person described in subparagraph (A) or (C) and who is authorized by such person to commit such person to the transaction; or
 
(C) any other person that the Commission determines to be eligible in light of the financial or other qualifications of the person.
 

 

盈透证券欢迎您

Overview: 

现在您的账户已完成入金并获批,您可以开始交易了。以下信息可以帮助您入门。

  1. 您的资金
  2. 设置您的账户以进行交易
  3. 如何交易
  4. 在全球范围进行交易
  5. 拓展您IB经验的五个要点

 

 

1. 您的资金
存款&取款基本信息。所有转账都通过您的账户管理进行管理
存款
首先,通过您的账户管理 > 资金 > 资金转账 > 转账类型:“存款”创建一个存款通知(如何创建存款通知)。 第二步,通知您的银行进行电汇转账,在存款通知中提供详细银行信息。
取款
通过您的账户管理 > 资金 > 资金转账 > 转账类型:“取款”创建一个取款指令(如何创建取款指令
如果您通知要进行超出取款限额的取款,则会被视为异常取款,我们因此将需要匹配银行账户持有人和IB账户。如果目的地银行账户已被用作存款,那么取款将会被处理;否则,您必须联系客户服务并提供所需文件。
错误排查
存款:我的银行发出了资金,但我没有看到资金记入我的IB账户。可能的原因:
a) 资金转账需要1至4个工作日。
b) 存款通知缺失。您必须通过账户管理创建存款通知并向客户服务发送一条咨询单。
c) 修改详情缺失。转账详情中缺失您的姓名或IB账户号码。您必须联系您的银行索取完整的修改详情。
d) IB发起的ACH存款7个工作日内限额为10万美元。如果您开立的是初始要求为11万美元的投资组合保证金账户,最好选择电汇存款以减少您第一笔交易的等待时间。如果选择ACH,会需要等待近2周时间,或者可以选择临时升级至RegT。
取款:我已经请求了取款,但我没有看到资金记入我的银行账户。可能的原因:
a) 资金转账需要1至4个工作日。
b) 被拒。超出最大取款限额。请检查您账户的现金余额。注意,出于监管要求,存入资金时会有三天置存期,之后才可以被取出。
c) 您的银行退回了资金。可能是因为接收银行账户与汇款银行账户名称不匹配。

 

2. 设置您的账户以进行交易
现金与保证金账户的区别:如果您选择快速申请,默认您的账户类型为配备美国股票许可的现金账户。如果您想使用杠杆并以保证金交易,参见此处如何升级为RegT保证金账户
交易许可
为了能够交易特定国家的某一特定资产类别,您需要通过账户管理获得该资产类别的交易许可。请注意,交易许可是免费的。但您可能需要签署当地监管部门所要求的风险披露。如何请求交易许可
市场数据
如果想获取某一特定产品/交易所的实时市场数据,您需要订阅交易所收费的市场数据包。如何订阅市场数据
市场数据助手会帮助您选择正确的数据包。请观看该视频,其解释了市场数据助手是如何工作的。
客户可以通过从未订阅的代码行点击免费延时数据按钮选择接收免费的延时市场数据。
顾问账户
请阅读用户指南顾问入门指南。在这里,您可以看到如何向您的顾问账户创建其他使用者以及如何授予其访问权限等等。

 

3. 如何交易

如果想学习如何使用我们的交易平台,您可以访问交易者大学。在这里您可以找到我们以10种语言提供的实时与录制网研会以及有关交易平台的课程与文档。
交易者工作站(TWS)
要求更高级交易工具的交易者可以使用我们做市商设计的交易者工作站(TWS)。TWS有着便于操作的电子表格式界面,可优化您的交易速度和效率,支持60多种定单类型,配备可适应任何交易风格的特定任务交易工具,并可实时监控账户余额与活动。试试两种不同模式:
魔方TWS:直观可用性,简便的交易准入,定单管理,自选列表与图表全部在一个窗口呈现。
标准模式TWS:为需要更高级工具与算法的交易者提供高级定单管理。
基本描述与信息 / 快速入门指南 / 用户指南
互动课程:TWS基础 / TWS设置 / 魔方TWS
如何下单交易:标准模式TWS视频 / 魔方TWS视频
交易工具:基本描述与信息用户指南
要求:如何安装适用于Windows的Java / 如何安装适用于MAC的Java / 需打开端口4000和4001
登录TWS / 下载TWS
网络交易者(WebTrader)
偏好干净简洁界面的交易者可以使用我们基于HTML的网络交易者。网络交易者便于查看市场数据、提交定单以及监控您的账户与执行。从各浏览器使用最新版本网络交易者
快速入门指南 / 网络交易者用户指南
简介:网络交易者视频
如何下单交易:网络交易者视频
登录网络交易者
移动交易者(MobileTrader)
我们的移动解决方案可供您随时随地用您的IB账户进行交易。IB TWS iOS版和IB TWS BlackBerry版是为这些型号定制设计的,而通用的移动交易者支持大多数其他智能手机。
基本描述与信息
定单类型 可用定单类型与描述 / 视频 / 课程 / 用户指南
模拟交易 基本描述与信息 / 如何获得模拟交易账户
一旦您的模拟交易账户创建成功,您便可用模拟交易账户分享您真实账户的市场数据:账户管理 > 管理账户 > 设置 > 模拟交易

 
4. 在全球范围进行交易
IB账户为多币种账户。您的账户可以同时持有不同的货币,可供您从一个账户交易全球范围内的多种产品。
基础货币
您的基础货币决定了您报表的转换货币以及用于确定保证金要求的货币。基础货币在您开立账户时决定。客户随时可通过账户管理改变其基础货币。
我们不会自动将货币转换为您的基础货币
货币转换必须由客户手动完成。在该视频中,您可以学习如何进行货币转换。
要开仓以您账户所不持有之货币计价的头寸,您可以有以下两种选择:
A) 货币转换。
B) IB保证金贷款。(对现金账户不可用)
请查看该课程,其解释了外汇交易方法。

 

5. 拓展您IB经验的五个要点
1. 合约搜索
在这里,您会找到我们的所有产品、代码与说明。
2. IB知识库
IB知识库包含了一系列术语、指导性文章、错误排查技巧以及指南,旨在帮助IB客户管理其IB账户。只需在搜索按钮输入您想要了解的内容,您便会得到答案。
3. 账户管理
我们的交易平台可供您访问市场,账户管理则可供您访问自己的IB账户。使用账户管理可管理账户相关任务,如存入或取出资金、查看您的报表、修改市场数据与新闻订阅、更改交易许可并验证或更改您的个人信息。
登录账户管理 / 账户管理快速入门指南 / 账户管理用户指南
4. 安全登录系统
为向您提供最高级别的在线安全,盈透证券推出了安全登录系统(SLS),通过安全登录系统访问账户需要进行双因素验证。双因素验证旨在于登录时采用两项安全因素确认您的身份:1)您的用户名与密码组合;和2)生成随机、一次性安全代码的安全设备。因为登录账户需要既知晓您的用户名/密码又持有实物安全设备,所以参加安全登录系统基本上可以杜绝除您之外的其他任何人访问您账户的可能性。
如何激活您的安全设备 / 如何获取安全代码卡 / 如何退还安全设备
如果忘记密码或丢失安全代码卡,请联系我们获取即时帮助。
5. 报表与报告
我们的报表与报告方便查看和进行自定义,覆盖了您盈透账户的方方面面。如何查看活动报表

 

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