ДОСТУП К РЫНОЧНЫМ ДАННЫМ: ПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОЕ И НЕПРОФЕССИОНАЛЬНОЕ ИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИЕ

Overview: 

 Большинство бирж взимают плату за доступ к их рыночным данным в реальном времени (котировки и сведения о сделках).

Background: 

 Сборы с профессиональных пользователей значительно выше по сравнению с непрофессионалами. Поэтому многие биржи, особенно в США, ввели подробный опросник, который пользователи должны заполнить, чтобы подтвердить свое право на пониженные расценки.

 При желании подключиться к любым из следующих информационных сервисов: AMEX, CME, NYSE, NASDAQ, OPRA или U.S. Securities Snapshot & Futures Value Bundle, Вам потребуется заполнить этот опросник и ежегодно подтверждать его.

Дополнительные сведения о разнице между профессиональным и непрофессиональным доступом можно найти в других статях "Базы знаний":

  • Подробное описание различий между профессиональным и непрофессиональным пользователем: KB2369 
  • Помощь в заполнении опросника об использовании данных: KB2583 

Понятие "профессионального пользователя" согласно NYSE и большинству бирж США

Overview: 

Понятие "профессионального пользователя" согласно NYSE и большинству бирж США

Background: 

Многие инвесторы считают свою торговую и инвестиционную деятельность непрофессиональной, если она не ведется за определенное вознаграждение (как это, например, делает работник, советник, консультант по инвестициям и т.д.). У NYSE и ряда бирж США значительно более емкое понятие того, что значит быть профессионалом, когда речь идет о доступе к рыночным данным.

Для таких бирж определения "Профессионал" и "Непрофессионал" больше связаны с самим лицом, использующим данные, нежели с целью применения этих данных; к примеру, лица, работающие в финансовой индустрии (даже если их должность не связана с торговыми или рыночными операциями), считаются профессионалами просто потому, что их нанимателем, например, является банк. Аналогичным образом, если лицо зарегистрировано в любом надзорном органе (напр., FINRA), но его регистрация была осуществлена не для совершения фондовых или рыночных операций, оно все равно причисляется к профессионалам.

Сборы, взимаемые поставщиками данных и биржами за профессиональное пользование, как правило, значительно выше по сравнению с непрофессиональным.

Важно понимать, что подобная классификация была введена самими биржами и что, хотя IB и не участвовали в ее формировании, мы обязаны ей следовать как посредники между поставщиками данных и пользователями.

Критерии для профессиональных пользователей

Следующий список содержит многие из критериев, которые биржи и поставщики данных используют, пытаясь определить, является ли пользователь их информационных сервисов профессионалом или непрофессионалом. Пользователь будет помечен как "Профессионал", если счет/пользователь соответствует следующим условиям. Эти определения были получены от ряда бирж.

Ссылки на конкретные документы можно найти внизу страницы.

  • Счет зарегистрирован на имя нефизического лица
  • Счет принадлежит организации
  • Пользователь зарегистрирован в любом учреждении, работающем с ценными бумагами
  • Пользователь зарегистрирован в любом надзорном или саморегулируемом органе
  • Пользователь предоставляет финансовые услуги или нанят в кач-ве финансового консультанта
  • Пользователь в какой-либо мере зарегистрирован в Комиссии по ценным бумагам и биржам (SEC), Комиссии по срочным товарным сделкам, любом регулирующем торговлю ценными бумагами органе штата, на любой фондовой бирже или в ассоциации по торговле ценными бумагами, на любом рынке срочных товарных или фьючерсных сделок
  • Пользователь является "инвестиционным консультантом" согласно определению данного термина в Статье 202(a)(11) Закона об инвестиционных консультантах 1940 года (вне зависимости от того, имеет ли он регистрацию или квалификацию согласно данному закону);
  • Пользователь является сотрудником банка или другой организации, освобожденной от регистрации согласно федеральному закону о ценных бумагах или соответствующему закону штата, и не выполняет функции, которые потребовали бы регистрации, если бы осуществлялись для организации, не имеющей подобного освобождения
  • Пользователь ведет деятельность банка или поставщика финансовых услуг
  • Пользователь использует данные в коммерческих целях
  • Пользователь имеет регистрацию/квалификацию профессионального торговца ценными бумагами или инвестиционного консультанта на любой бирже, в надзорном органе, профессиональной ассоциации или организации
  • Пользователь выступает от имени предприятия и ведет брокерскую, банковскую, инвестиционную или финансовую деятельность
  • Пользователь взимает плату с клиентов
  • Пользователь является профессионалом по работе с ценными бумагами
  • Пользователь или счет является брокером/дилером
  • Пользователь является инвестиционным консультантом
  • Пользователь является зарегистрированным представителем, торгующим или консультирующим касательно сделок
  • Пользователь или счет является инвестиционным клубом, получающим или не получающим компенсацию
  • Пользователь является субподрядчиком или независимым контрагентом
  • Пользователь эксплуатирует данные любым способом, приносящим выгоду третьим лицам
  • Пользователь состоит в договоре, получает или применяет информацию в целях частного использования от имени любого другого физ. лица, корпорации, товарищества, ООО, траста, ассоциации или какого-либо еще предприятия.
  • Пользователь состоит в договоре, получает или применяет информацию в целях предоставления услуг, оплачиваемых любым другим физ. лицом, корпорацией, товариществом, ООО, трастом, ассоциацией или каким-либо еще предприятием.
  • Пользователь получает/эксплуатирует информацию в рамках своей трудовой деятельности или в связи с любой формой торговли или бизнеса
  • Счет является трастом с несколькими доверительными собственниками
  • Счет является трастом и доверительный собственник не является физ. лицом. Если доверительный собственник является организацией, а ее единственный владелец - физ. лицо, то это неприменимо. Доверительный собственник должен быть физическим лицом.
  • Счет - траст с бенефициарами, которые не являются членами семьи или физическими лицами
  • Счет - траст, который не является семейным.

Чтобы ознакомиться с политикой NYSE, перейдите по адресу www.nyxdata.com/Docs/Market-Data/Policies, выберите "All NYSE Market Data Policies - The Complete Package" и откройте страницу 23.

Чтобы ознакомиться с политикой NASDAQ, перейдите по адресу http://nasdaqtrader.com/Trader.aspx?id=AgreementsData, выберите "NASDAQ OMX Global Subscriber Agreement" и см. страницы 2-6.

Чтобы ознакомиться с политикой OPRA, перейдите по адресу www.opradata.com, наведите курсор на "Agreements" (пер. "Договоры") в меню слева, выберите "Electronic Subscriber Agreement (Attachment B-1 to Vendor Agreement) (PDF)" и см. страницы 3-4, включая сноски.

Сборы за размещенные решения

Будучи поставщиком рыночных данных (напр., текущих цен бида/аска, диапазонов открытия и закрытия, максимума/минимума, последних продаж), IB состоит в ряде биржевых соглашений, согласно которым устанавливается и регулируется способ распространения такой информации. Вдобавок, некоторые биржи взимают месячную плату, если задержанные или потоковые данные предоставляются через так называемое "размещенное решение" (англ. Hosted Solution). Термин размещенное решение, как правило, относится к договоренности, в рамках которой клиенты организации, к примеру, представляющего брокера без раскрытия информации, получают рыночные данные на основании соглашения с IB, а не соглашения между упомянутой организацией и биржей. 

При работе с размещенными решениями, IB оставляет за представляющим брокером или организацией право отказаться от сборов, чтобы ограничить возможность их клиентов подписываться, или разрешить сборы, чтобы позволить клиентам активировать такие подписки. Ниже представлен список сборов по состоянию на декабрь 2016 года. Мы рекомендуем посетить сайт каждой из бирж для проверки актуальности сведений.

 

Подписка в реальном времени
Месячная плата
BATS EU (размещенные решения)
GBP 950
NASDAQ OMX MFDS (взаимные фонды США)
USD 150
NASDAQ OMX GIDS (NASDAQ Global Index Data Service)
USD 800
Nordic Equity (для непрофессионалов, Ур.1 & 2)
EUR 800
Nordic Equity (для профессионалов, Ур. 1 & 2)
EUR 2,140

 

С вопросами об этих сборах следует обращаться в профессиональную поддержку IB по телефону 866-694-2757 (бесплатный номер в регионах США и Канады) или 203-618-7791 (прямой номер).

MARKET DATA ACCESS: PROFESSIONAL VS NON-PROFESIONAL USAGE

Overview: 

 Most exchanges charge for access to their real-time market data (quotes and trade information).

Background: 

 The charges for professional users are considerably higher than for non-professional use. Accordingly, many exchanges, and US exchanges in particular, have a detailed questionnaire that they require users to complete in order to qualify for the lower charges.

 If you wish to access real-time data for any of the following data services (AMEX, CME, NYSE, NASDAQ, OPRA or U.S. Securities Snapshot & Futures Value Bundle), you must fill out this questionnaire and re-affirm it annually.

More information about Professional vs. Non-Professional data use can be found at various knowledge base articles:

  • Detailed description of what qualifies as professional vs non-professional use: KB2369 
  • Assistance on completing the data use questionnaire: KB2583 

Subscription considerations for U.S. market data (Non-Professionals)

In determining the range of market data subscription offerings to make available, IBKR seeks to balance the needs of a wide variety of clients, both in terms of the scope of products traded and the frequency of data use. To afford clients the opportunity to minimize their monthly subscription costs for U.S. data, both bundled and a la carte monthly services are offered as well as options for real-time streaming, snapshot and delayed feeds. Please note, delayed quotes are not provided for U.S. stocks on live accounts due to FINRA regulations.

Outlined below are the basic questions to be considered when deciding which subscription best meets your needs (see website for current subscription rates). Note that clients are not obligated to purchase data through IBKR.
 

What US Products do you trade?

Generally speaking, clients trading a broad variety of product classes should consider the basic bundled subscription referred to as the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle which costs USD 10 per month and provides quotes for a variety of U.S. stocks, stock indices, bonds, futures and futures options. The monthly fee for this subscription is waived for any month in which the account generates at least USD 30 in commissions.
 
Futures
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time top of book quotes for CBOT, CME, COMEX, and NYMEXUS.
- Futures Value PLUS Bundle: real-time depth (Level 2) of book quotes for CBOT, CME, COMEX, and NYMEX.1
- ICE Futures U.S. (NYBOT): includes real-time options and LIFFE precious metals futures and futures options.
 
Bonds
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time quotes for US corporate bonds and US-Treasuries.
- US Bond Real-Time Data: real-time quotes for US corporate bonds and US-Treasuries offered free of charge.
 
Options
- OPRA Top of Book: real-time top of book quotes for all U.S. securities option exchanges.
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time quotes for many of the stock indices which underlie options.
 
OTC Stocks
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time top of book quotes for OTCBB and PINK listings.
 
National Market System (NMS) Stocks - the subscription elections for NMS stocks (i.e., NYSE, AMEX & NASDAQ listings) are varied and depend upon the following considerations:
 

 

How often would you like to see real-time quotes?

 
Occasionally
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: includes real-time top of book quotes for stocks listed on each of the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges. Intended for occasional users as no quotes are provided unless a “snapshot” refresh is requested, with each request subject to a USD 0.01 fee. If the number of refresh requests reaches 150 for a given exchange in a given month, the monthly cost for that exchange will be capped at USD 1.50 and the subscriber will receive real-time streaming quotes for that exchange for the remainder of the month at no additional charge (i.e., the maximum snapshot fee for a given month for all three exchanges is USD 4.50).  Note that while the base fee of USD 10 for this bundle is waived for accounts generating at least USD 30 monthly commissions, the fee for snapshot quote requests is not waived.
 
Routinely
- NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C): real-time streaming top of book quotes for each the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges which may be subscribed to on an a la carte basis for USD 1.50 per month each (USD 4.50 for all). Intended for users who trade securities listed on only one or two of the above exchanges on a frequent basis.
 
OPRA Top of Book: real-time top of book quotes for all U.S. securities option exchanges which may be subscribed to for USD 1.50 per month
 
- US Equity and Options Add-On Streaming Bundle1: Includes NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ(Network C), and OPRA(US Options). Intended for users who trade securities listed on all of the above exchanges on a frequent basis. Will replace the snap quotes provided under the basic US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle subscription and costs USD 4.50 per month.

 

How much commissions do you typically generate per month?

 
Less than USD 30 per month
- NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C): real-time streaming top of book quotes for each the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges. If you trade only NMS stocks and generate commissions of less than USD 30 per month, you can receive real-time streaming stock quotes for all three exchanges at a monthly cost of USD 4.50 vs. snap quotes at a monthly cost of USD 10.
 
More than USD 30 per month
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: includes real-time top of book quotes for stocks listed on each of the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges on a snapshot request basis. There is no cost to elect this subscription as the fee is waived if you generate monthly commissions of at least USD 30. You may wish to consider augmenting this subscription with any of the NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C) real-time streaming services at a monthly cost of USD 1.50 each.
 

 

What exchanges do you trade? 

 
Limited population 
- NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C): real-time streaming top of book quotes for each the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges. If you trade securities listed on a subset of these three exchanges, you can receive real-time streaming stock quotes at a monthly cost of USD 1.50 for each. If you also maintain a subscription to the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle, the real-time feed will serve to overlay the snap quote for any of the individual exchanges selected and you will receive snap quotes for the remainder. If you are not subscribed to the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle, then you will receive no quotes for US stocks as delayed quotes are not provided for U.S. stocks on live accounts due to FINRA regulations.
 
All
- US Equity and Options Add-On Streaming Bundle1: Includes NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ(Network C), and OPRA(US Options). Intended for users who trade securities listed on all of the above exchanges on a frequent basis. Will replace the snap quotes provided under the basic US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle subscription.

1Requires a subscription to the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle.

 

 

Snapshot Market Data

BACKGROUND

IBKR offers eligible clients the option of receiving a real-time price quote for a single instrument on a request basis. This service, referred to as “Snapshot Quotes” differs from the traditional quote services which offer continuous streaming and updates of real-time prices. Snapshot Quotes are offered as a lost-cost alternative to clients who do not trade regularly and do not want to rely upon delayed quotes when submitting an order.  Additional details regarding this quote service is provided below. 

QUOTE COMPONENTS

The Snapshot quote includes the following data:        

  • Last price
  • Last size
  • Last exchange
  • Current bid-ask
  • Size for each of current bid-ask
  • Exchange for each of current bid-ask 

AVAILABLE SERVICES

Service Restrictions Price per Quote Request (USD)1
AMEX (Network B/CTA)   $0.01
ASX Total No access to ASX24.
Limited to Non-Professional subscribers
$0.03
Bolsa de Madrid   $0.03
Canadian Exchange Group (TSX/TSXV) Limited to Non-Professional subscribers who are not clients of IB Canada $0.03
CBOT Real-Time   $0.03
CME Real-Time   $0.03
COMEX Real-Time   $0.03
Eurex Core Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Euronext Basic Limited to Non-Professional subscribers

Includes Euronext equities, indices, equity derivatives and index derivatives.
$0.03
German ETF's and Indices Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Hong Kong (HKFE) Derivatives   $0.03
Hong Kong Securities Exchange (Stocks, Warrants, Bonds)   $0.03
Johannesburg Stock Exchange   $0.03
Montreal Derivatives Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
NASDAQ (Network C/UTP)   $0.01
Nordic Derivatives   $0.03
Nordic Equity   $0.03
NYMEX Real-Time   $0.03
NYSE (Network A/CTA)   $0.01
OPRA (US Options Exchanges)   $0.03
Shanghai Stock Exchange 5 Second Snapshot (via HKEx)   $0.03
Shenzhen Stock Exchange 3 Second Snapshot (via HKEx)   $0.03
SIX Swiss Exchange Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Spot Market Germany (Frankfurt/Xetra) Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
STOXX Index Real-Time Data Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Toronto Stk Exchange Limited to Non-Professional subscribers who are clients of IB Canada $0.03
TSX Venture Exchange Limited to Non-Professional subscribers who are clients of IB Canada $0.03
UK LSE (IOB) Equities   $0.03
UK LSE Equities   $0.03

 1Cost is per snapshot quote request and will be assessed in the Base Currency equivalent, if not USD.

 

ELIGIBILITY

  • Accounts must maintain the Market Data Subscription Minimum and Maintenance Equity Balance Requirements in order to qualify for Snapshot quotes.
  • The Users must operate TWS Build 976.0 or higher to access Snapshot quote functionality.

 

PRICING DETAILS

  • Clients will receive $1.00 of snapshot quotes free of charge each month. Free snaphots may be applied to either U.S. or non-U.S. quote requests and charges will be applied, without additional notice, once the free allocation has been exhausted. Clients may review their snapshot usage as of the close of each business day via the Client Portal.
  • Quote fees are assessed on a lag basis, generally in the first week after the month in which Snapshot services were provided. Accounts which do not have sufficient cash or Equity With Loan Value to cover the monthly fee will be subject to position liquidations.
  • The monthly fee for snapshots will be capped at the related streaming real-time monthly service price. At which time the streaming quotes will be provided at no additional cost for the remainder of the month.  The switch to streaming quotes will take place at approximately 18:30 EST the following business day after reaching the snapshot threshold. At the close of the month, the streaming service will automatically terminate and the snapshot counter will reset. Each service is capped independently of the others and quote requests for one service cannot be counted towards the cap of another. See table below for sample details.
Service Price per Quote Request (USD) Non-Pro Subscriber Cap (Requests/Total Cost)2 Pro Subscriber Cap (Requests/Total Cost)3
AMEX (Network B/CTA) $0.01 150/$1.50 2,300/$23.00
NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) $0.01 150/$1.50 2,500/$25.00
NYSE (Network A/CTA) $0.01 150/$1.50 4,500/$4,500

 

REQUESTING SNAPSHOT QUOTES

Desktop Trading - TWS (Classic):

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, under the column Ticker Action you would see a button for Snapshot:

 

When clicking the Snapshot button, it will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol along with the NBBO information:


 

In the Quote Details Window clicking the Refresh link will update the the NBBO quote. 

Example:

In the above case, GOOG is a NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) listed stock. There will be a charge of 0.01 USD per query (a snapshot).

  • Non-Professionals can request another 149 snapshots for GOOG or any other NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) listed shares, before it turns into streaming quotes.
  • Professionals can request another 2,499 snapshots for GOOG or any other NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) listed shares, before it turns into streaming quotes.

You will only be charged for the snapshots until the cap amount. Once the snapshot limit is reached, no further charges will be applied for the rest of the month and will begin receiving streaming quotes for that service.

 

Desktop Trading - TWS (Mosaic):

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, when selecting a row in the Monitor tab, the Order Entry window will display an option to request a Snapshot.

 


 

Clicking the +SNAPSHOT link will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol and will populate the NBBO information:

 


 

In the Quote Details Window clicking the Refresh link will update the the NBBO quote.

Client Portal:

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, in the Order Ticket window, under the Bid/Ask price you would see a link for Snapshot:

 

 

When clicking the Snapshot link, will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol:

 

 

In the snapshot window clicking the Refresh link will update the the NBBO quote.

 

Web Trading - WebTrader:

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, on the Market Tab under the column Additional Data you would see a button for Snapshot:

 


 

When clicking the Snapshot button, will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol:

 

Mobile Trading - IBKR Mobile app:

On the Quote Screen tapping on a Symbol will expand the quote box. If you have delayed data displayed and are subscribed to the snapshot permissions you will see a link for Snapshot:


When tapping the Snapshot link, it will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol along with the NBBO information:

 

 

How to check and solve connectivity issues affecting the Trader Workstation (TWS)

Background: 

The Trader Workstation (TWS) software needs to connect to our gateways and market data servers in order to work properly. Connectivity issues affecting your local network or your Internet Service Provider network may negatively affect the TWS functionality. In this article we will indicate how to test your connectivity using an automated connectivity test web page.

 

How to test the connectivity using the automated "IB Connectivity Test" web page?

1) Click on this link: http://www.interactivebrokers.com/cgi-bin/conn_test.pl 

2) Please wait until all the tests have been completed and results have been displayed. If you see "Success" as outcome for all tests, your connectivity to IB Servers is reliable at the present moment. No additional connectivity troubleshooting or configuration should be needed.

3) If you see "Fail" as outcome for one or more test/s, please click on the link "Fail" itself in order to display the "IB Network Troubleshooting Guide". That section will help you conduct some manual tests to identify the cause of the failure.

Note for Corporative environments and Proxy server users: the automated "Connectivity Test" page may return misleading results in case your machine is accessing the Internet through a Proxy server. This usually happens if you are connected to a company network. If this is your case, we kindly ask you to contact your Network Administrator or your IT Team and ask them to perform a manual connectivity tests towards the destination servers indicated in the table on the top of the IB automated "Connectivity Test" web page itself. The manual connectivity test should be conducted using destination TCP ports 4000 and 4001. Should they prefer to have the server list in another format or should they need to set up the firewall / IP Management rules, you can forward them this page.

 

Allocation of Partial Fills

Title:

How are executions allocated when an order receives a partial fill because an insufficient quantity is available to complete the allocation of shares/contracts to sub-accounts?

 

Overview:

From time-to-time, one may experience an allocation order which is partially executed and is canceled prior to being completed (i.e. market closes, contract expires, halts due to news, prices move in an unfavorable direction, etc.). In such cases, IB determines which customers (who were originally included in the order group and/or profile) will receive the executed shares/contracts. The methodology used by IB to impartially determine who receives the shares/contacts in the event of a partial fill is described in this article.

 

Background:

Before placing an order CTAs and FAs are given the ability to predetermine the method by which an execution is to be allocated amongst client accounts. They can do so by first creating a group (i.e. ratio/percentage) or profile (i.e. specific amount) wherein a distinct number of shares/contracts are specified per client account (i.e. pre-trade allocation). These amounts can be prearranged based on certain account values including the clients’ Net Liquidation Total, Available Equity, etc., or indicated prior to the order execution using Ratios, Percentages, etc. Each group and/or profile is generally created with the assumption that the order will be executed in full. However, as we will see, this is not always the case. Therefore, we are providing examples that describe and demonstrate the process used to allocate partial executions with pre-defined groups and/or profiles and how the allocations are determined.

Here is the list of allocation methods with brief descriptions about how they work.

·         AvailableEquity
Use sub account’ available equality value as ratio. 

·         NetLiq
Use subaccount’ net liquidation value as ratio

·         EqualQuantity
Same ratio for each account

·         PctChange1:Portion of the allocation logic is in Trader Workstation (the initial calculation of the desired quantities per account).

·         Profile

The ratio is prescribed by the user

·         Inline Profile

The ratio is prescribed by the user.

·         Model1:
Roughly speaking, we use each account NLV in the model as the desired ratio. It is possible to dynamically add (invest) or remove (divest) accounts to/from a model, which can change allocation of the existing orders.

 

 

 

Basic Examples:

Details:

CTA/FA has 3-clients with a predefined profile titled “XYZ commodities” for orders of 50 contracts which (upon execution) are allocated as follows:

Account (A) = 25 contracts

Account (B) = 15 contracts

Account (C) = 10 contracts

 

Example #1:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 10 am (ET) the order begins to execute2but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 2 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior to being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is filled (i.e., 7 of the 50 contracts are filled or 14%). For each account the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers:

 

Account (A) = 14% of 25 = 3.5 rounded down to 3

Account (B) = 14% of 15 = 2.1 rounded down to 2

Account (C) = 14% of 10 = 1.4 rounded down to 1

 

To Summarize:

A: initially receives 3 contracts, which is 3/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.12)

B: initially receives 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The system then allocates the next (and final) contract to an account with the smallest ratio (i.e. Account C which currently has a ratio of 0.10).

A: final allocation of 3 contracts, which is 3/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.12)

B: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: final allocation of 2 contract, which is 2/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.20)

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

 

Example #2:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 11 am (ET) the order begins to be filled3 but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 1 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is executed (i.e., 5 of the 50 contracts are filled or 10%).For each account, the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers:

 

Account (A) = 10% of 25 = 2.5 rounded down to 2

Account (B) = 10% of 15 = 1.5 rounded down to 1

Account (C) = 10% of 10 = 1 (no rounding necessary)

 

To Summarize:

A: initially receives 2 contracts, which is 2/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.08)

B: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

The system then allocates the next (and final) contract to an account with the smallest ratio (i.e. to Account B which currently has a ratio of 0.067).

A: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.08)

B: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

Example #3:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 11 am (ET) the order begins to be executed2  but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 12 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior to being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is filled (i.e., 3 of the 50 contracts are filled or 6%). Normally the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers, however for a fill size of less than 4 shares/contracts, IB first allocates based on the following random allocation methodology.

 

In this case, since the fill size is 3, we skip the rounding fractional amounts down.

 

For the first share/contract, all A, B and C have the same initial fill ratio and fill quantity, so we randomly pick an account and allocate this share/contract. The system randomly chose account A for allocation of the first share/contract.

 

To Summarize3:

A: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: initially receives 0 contracts, which is 0/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

C: initially receives 0 contracts, which is 0/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

 

Next, the system will perform a random allocation amongst the remaining accounts (in this case accounts B & C, each with an equal probability) to determine who will receive the next share/contract.

 

The system randomly chose account B for allocation of the second share/contract.

A: 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: 0 contracts, which is 0/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

 

The system then allocates the final [3] share/contract to an account(s) with the smallest ratio (i.e. Account C which currently has a ratio of 0.00).

A: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

 

Available allocation Flags

Besides the allocation methods above, user can choose the following flags, which also influence the allocation:

·         Strict per-account allocation.
For the initially submitted order if one or more subaccounts are rejected by the credit checking, we reject the whole order.

·         “Close positions first”1.This is the default handling mode for all orders which close a position (whether or not they are also opening position on the other side or not). The calculation are slightly different and ensure that we do not start opening position for one account if another account still has a position to close, except in few more complex cases.


Other factor affects allocations:

1)      Mutual Fund: the allocation has two steps. The first execution report is received before market open. We allocate based onMonetaryValue for buy order and MonetaryValueShares for sell order. Later, when second execution report which has the NetAssetValue comes, we do the final allocation based on first allocation report.

2)      Allocate in Lot Size: if a user chooses (thru account config) to prefer whole-lot allocations for stocks, the calculations are more complex and will be described in the next version of this document.

3)      Combo allocation1: we allocate combo trades as a unit, resulting in slightly different calculations.

4)      Long/short split1: applied to orders for stocks, warrants or structured products. When allocating long sell orders, we only allocate to accounts which have long position: resulting in calculations being more complex.

5)      For non-guaranteed smart combo: we do allocation by each leg instead of combo.

6)      In case of trade bust or correction1: the allocations are adjusted using more complex logic.

7)      Account exclusion1: Some subaccounts could be excluded from allocation for the following reasons, no trading permission, employee restriction, broker restriction, RejectIfOpening, prop account restrictions, dynamic size violation, MoneyMarketRules restriction for mutual fund. We do not allocate to excluded accountsand we cancel the order after other accounts are filled. In case of partial restriction (e.g. account is permitted to close but not to open, or account has enough excess liquidity only for a portion of the desired position).

 

 

Footnotes:

1.        Details of these calculations will be included in the next revision of this document.

2.        To continue observing margin in each account on a real-time basis, IB allocates each trade immediately (behind the scenes) however from the CTA and/or FA (or client’s) point of view, the final distribution of the execution at an average price typically occurs when the trade is executed in full, is canceled or at the end of day (whichever happens first).

3.       If no account has a ratio greater than 1.0 or multiple accounts are tied in the final step (i.e. ratio = 0.00), the first step is skipped and allocation of the first share/contract is decided via step two (i.e. random allocation).

 

Changing Market Data Subscriber Status from Pro to Non-Pro

Overview: 

For purposes of determining available quote subscriptions and fees, IB is obligated to determine whether account holders fall under the exchange classifications as a Professional or Non-Professional subscriber (See KB2369 for definitions). In most instances, account holders are allowed to self-declare their subscriber status at the point of application or update via Account Management thereafter, although these declarations are subject to review and account holders electing Non-Professional status are subject to having their status amended to Professional based upon the account information they've submitted.

 

Account holders who no longer meet the definition of a Professional may request a change in their status to Non-Professional by following the steps below:

 

Individual and Joint Accounts

  1. Log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Trade Configuration, and then Subscriber Status menu options. You will be presented with a page through which you can select the option titled Non-Professional and agree to the permitted use and notification of future change in status requirements.
  2. Your request will then be subject to a review by IB to determine whether it can be accepted or denied based upon the account information of record or whether completion of the Non Professional Questionnaire is required. You will be notified via the Message Center if accepted or denied.
  3. If completion of the questionnaire is required, you will receive an email advising you to log into Account Management at which point you will be prompted with the form. Once completed, the responses will be reviewed by IB and you will be notified as to whether or not your change request has been accepted. Please allow between 1 - 2 business days for this review process to complete.
  4. If your request to change status is approved, your Professional Subscriptions will be canceled immediately and, as exchanges do not provide for prorated subscriptions, you will be charged for the subscription as if you had use of it the entire month.  If you wish to subscribe to replacement quote services as a Non-Professional, you may do so through Account Management.  Again, please note that mid-month subscriptions are charged at the full monthly rate.  Accordingly, depending upon your decision to request a change of status and elect replacement subscriptions, you may be subject to both Professional and Non-Professional fees for a given month.

 

Family & Friends Advisor Accounts

  1. Submit your request to complete the Non-Professional Questionnaire via the Message Center located in Account Management.
  2. Your request will then be subject to a review by IB to determine whether it can be accepted or denied based upon the account information of record or whether you are eligible to complete the Non Professional Questionnaire. You will be notified via the Message Center as to the decision.
  3. If eligible to complete the Non Professional Questionnaire, you will receive an email advising you to log into Account Management at which point you will be prompted with the form. Once completed, the responses will be reviewed by IB and you will be notified as to whether or not your change request has been accepted. Please allow between 1 - 2 business days for this review process to complete.
  4. Friends & Family Advisor accounts that are reclassified from Professional to Non-Professional are subject to the same market data cancellation, replacement and billing considerations as noted above for Individual accounts.

 

Organizations, Professional Advisor Accounts & Professional Trusts

  1. These types of accounts are classified as Professional by default per exchange rules and will not be considered for reclassification to Non Professional.

Рыночные данные: Анкета для непрофессионалов

Overview: 

Подробности о заполнении нового опросника для непрофессионалов.

Background: 

NYSE и большинство бирж США требуют, чтобы компании проверяли статус своих клиентов перед предоставлением им прав на получение рыночных данных. С этой целью впредь будет использоваться  "Анкета для непрофессионалов". Согласно биржевым правилам, клиенты, не прошедшие такую идентификацию, по умолчанию будут считаться профессионалами. Данный процесс поможет в выяснении и поддержании корректности статуса всех новых подписчиков на рыночные данные. Определение обоих терминов содержится в статье: ibkb.interactivebrokers.com/article/2369.

Для получения статуса "Непрофессионал" необходимо ответить на все вопросы в анкете. Поскольку биржи требуют точного подтверждения, неполные или неоднозначные результаты опросника приведут к присвоению Вам звания "Профессионал", пока не будет доказано обратное. 

При необходимости смены статуса свяжитесь со службой поддержки.

Пояснение вопросов:

1)    Коммерческие и деловые цели

а)    Получаете ли Вы финансовую информацию (включая новости и данные о стоимости ценных бумаг, товарных активов и других финансовых инструментов) для своего бизнеса или любой другой коммерческой структуры?

Пояснение: Получаете и используете ли Вы рыночные данные от имени компании или любой другой организации, а не чисто в личных целях?

б)    Ведете ли Вы торговлю ценными бумагами, товарными активами или Forex в пользу корпорации, товарищества, профессионального траста, профессиональной группы инвесторов или любого другого юридического лица?

Пояснение: Торгуете ли Вы исключительно за себя или от имени организации (Ltd, LLC, GmbH, Co., LLP, Corp.)?

в)    Состоите ли Вы в договоре о (а) разделении прибыли, полученной в результате Вашей торговой деятельности, или (б) получении компенсации за Вашу торговую деятельность?

Пояснение: Платят ли Вам за торговлю и делите ли Вы доход от трейдинга с третьей стороной (юридическом или частным лицом)?

г)    Предоставляют ли Вам офисное пространство, оборудование и прочие привилегии в обмен на ведение торговли или финансовые консультации?

Пояснение: Получаете ли Вы неденежное вознаграждение от третьей стороны за торговую деятельность?

2)    Представление чужих интересов

а)    Выступаете ли Вы в настоящее время в роли консультанта или брокера/дилера?

Пояснение: Платят ли Вам за управление чужими активами или консультирование третьих лиц по поводу распоряжения их капиталом?

б)    Работаете ли Вы управляющим активами (ценными бумагами, товарами или Forex)?         

Пояснение:  Платят ли Вам за управление ценными бумагами, товарными активами или Forex?

в)     Используете ли Вы финансовую информацию в служебных целях или для управления активами Вашего работодателя или Вашей фирмы?

Пояснение: Используете ли Вы какие-либо данные в коммерческих целях, связанных именно с распоряжением активами Вашего работодателя и/или Вашей компании?

г)    Используете ли Вы капитал любого другого частного или юридического лица для ведения торговли?

Пояснение: Находятся ли на Вашем счете чьи-либо активы кроме Ваших собственных?

3)    Поставка, повторный выпуск или сообщение данных другим лицам

а)    Предоставляете ли Вы третьим лицам любой вид доступа (сообщение, публикация и т.д.) к полученной финансовой информации?

Пояснение: Отправляете ли Вы полученные от нас данные третьим лицам?

4)    Квалифицированный профессиональный трейдер ценными бумагами/фьючерсами

а)    Были ли Вы зарегистрированы или сертифицированы как профессиональный участник рынка ценных бумаг любым агентством или рынком товарных активов и фьючерсных контрактов или же как инвестиционный советник любой национальной или областной биржей, надзорным органом, профессиональной ассоциацией или признанной профессиональной организацией? i, ii
ДА☐             НЕТ☐

i) В примеры надзорных органов входят (помимо прочих):

  • Комиссия США по ценным бумагам и биржам (SEC)
  • Комиссия США по срочным товарным сделкам (CFTC)
  • Управление финансового надзора Великобритании (FSA)
  • Агентство финансовых услуг Японии (JFSA)

ii) В примеры самоуправляемых организаций (SRO) входят (помимо прочих):

  • NYSE (США)
  • FINRA (США)
  • VQF (Швейцария)

 

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