Проверка влияния на плату за риск при предпросмотре ордера

IB дает владельцам счетов возможность проверить, какое влияние ордер окажет на прогнозируемую плату за риск. Эту функцию следует использовать перед отправкой ордера для определения изменений, необходимых, чтобы снизить или избежать такую плату.

Для доступа к инструменту нужно открыть окно предварительного просмотра, щелкнув правой кнопкой мыши по строке ордера. В нем можно будет увидеть ссылку "Проверка влияния на плату за риск" (см. отмеченную красным область на Изображении 1).

Изображение 1

 

Щелкнув по ссылке, можно расширить окно и увидеть плату за риск (если она требуется), связанную с текущими позициями, ее изменение при исполнении данного ордера, а также конечную плату после исполнения (см. отмеченную красным область на Изображении 2). Дальнейшие показатели делятся по классам инструментов, подвергающимся упомянутой плате (напр. акции, нефть). Владелец счета может просто закрыть окно, не отправив ордер, если рост итоговой платы за риск покажется ему избыточным.

Изображение 2

 

Узнайте больше об управлении платой за риск и ее прогнозировании при помощи "Навигатора риска" IB в статье KB2275, а также об ее отслеживании в статье KB2344.

Перекладываемые платы за ADR

Владельцам счетов с позициями по американским депозитарным распискам (ADR) стоит помнить, что на подобные ценные бумаги налагаются периодические сборы, предназначенные для оплаты попечительских услуг, предоставляемых банком-агентом для ADR. Такие услуги, как правило, включают в себя инвентаризацию иностранных базовых активов ADR, а также управление регистрацией, обеспечением нормативного соответствия и учетом.

Раньше банки-агенты могли взимать плату за хранение, только вычитая ее из дивидендов по ADR, но из-за отсутствия регулярных дивидендов по многим ADR они не получали надлежащих выплат. В результате, в 2009 году Депозитарная трастовая компания (DTC) получила разрешение SEC на начало сборов платы за хранение ADR от имени таких банков. DTC получает необходимые суммы от брокеров-участников (таких же, как IB), у которых имеются клиентские ADR. Такие выплаты называются "перекладываемыми", поскольку брокер, в свою очередь, взимает их с клиентов.

Если у Вас имеются позиции по ADR, за которые Вы получаете дивиденды, вышеупомянутые выплаты как и раньше будут вычитаться из сумм дивидендов. Если же за Ваши позиции по ADR не выплачиваются дивиденды, то эти сборы будут включены в ежемесячную выписку вместе с датой их снятия. Как и в случае с денежными дивидендами, IB постарается указать предстоящие сборы по ADR в разделе "Начисления" выписки со счета. После снятия, сумма сборов будет включена в раздел "Депозиты и снятия" с описанием "Корректировки - Другие" и символом связанного с ней ADR.

Несмотря на то, что, как правило, суммы таких выплат составляют $0,01 - $0,03 за акцию, они отличаются в зависимости от ADR, поэтому мы советуем Вам ознакомиться с соответствующим проспектом для выяснения точной информации.  Интернет-поиск проспекта можно осуществить через инструмент EDGAR Company Search от SEC.

Использование "Навигатора риска" для прогноза платы за риск

В "Навигаторе риска" от IB имеется возможность создания пользовательских сценариев для определения того, как изменения в портфеле повлияют на Вашу плату за риск.   Ниже описаны шаги по созданию портфеля “Что, если” путем внесения предполагаемых изменений в существующий портфель или создания нового гипотетического портфеля и определения итоговой платы.   Данная функция доступна в TWS версии 951 и новее.

Шаг 1: Создайте новый портфель "Что, если"
Используя классическую раскладку торговой платформы TWS, в меню Аналитические инструменты выберите Навигатор риска и Открыть новый "Что, если" (Изображение 1).
 
Изображение 1

 

Шаг 2: Выберите тип портфеля
Вы увидите всплывающее окно (Изображение 2), где Вам потребуется уточнить, желаете ли Вы создать гипотетический портфель на основе своего текущего или же новый портфель. Если Вы нажмете "Да", в Ваш портфель "Что, если" будут загружены уже имеющиеся позиции.
 
Изображение 2

 
Ответ "Нет" приведет к открытию портфеля “Что, если” без позиций (Изображение 3).  Выберите вкладку инструмента, по которому желаете создать гипотетические позиции (напр., "Капитал").
  
Изображение 3
 
 
 
Шаг 3: Добавьте позиции
Чтобы добавить позицию в портфель "Что, если" , щелкните по зеленой строке под названием "Новый" и введите символ андерлаинга (Изображение 4), укажите тип инструмента (Изображение 5) и количество (Изображение 6).
 
Изображение 4
 
 
Изображение 5
 
 
Изображение 6
 
 
Шаг 4: Определите плату за риск
Для просмотра платы за риск, прогнозируемой на основе вашего портфеля "Что, если", откройте меню Отчет и выберите Плата за риск (Изображение 7). Перед Вами откроется окно с прогнозируемой платой за риски, разделенной по классам инструментов (Изображение 8).
 
Изображение 7
 
 
Изображение 8

 

 

Отслеживание платы за риск в окне "Счет" описано в статье KB2344, а проверка ее суммы при помощи функции предпросмотра ордера - в статье KB2276.

Exposure Fee Monitoring via Account Window

The Account Window provides the high-level information suitable for monitoring one's account on a real-time basis. This includes key balances such as total equity and cash, the portfolio composition and margin balances for determining compliance with requirements and available buying power.  This window also includes information relating to the most recently assessed exposure fee and a projection of the next fee taking into consideration current positions.

To open the Account Window: 
• From TWS classic workspace, click on the Account icon, or from the Account menu select Account Window (Exhibit 1)
 

Exhibit 1

 

• From TWS Mosaic workspace, click on Account from the menu, and then select Account Window (Exhibit 2)

Exhibit 2

 

After opening the window, scroll down to the Margin Requirements section and click on the + sign in the upper-right hand corner to expand the section.  There, the "Last" and "Estimated Next" exposure fees will be detailed for each of the product classifications to which the fee applies (e.g., Equity, Oil).  Note that the "Last" balance represents the fee as of the date last assessed (note that fees are computed based upon open positions held as of the close of business and assessed shortly thereafter).  The "Estimated Next" balance represents the projected fee as of the current day's close taking into account position activity since the prior calculation (Exhibit 3).

Exhibit 3

 

To set the default view when the section is collapsed, click on the checkbox alongside any line item and those line items will remain displayed at all times.

 

Please see KB2275 for information regarding the use of IB's Risk Navigator for managing and projecting the Exposure Fee and KB2276 for verifying exposure fee through the Order Preview screen.

 

Important Notes

1. The Estimated Next Exposure Fee is a projection based upon readily available information.  As the fee calculation is based upon information (e.g., prices and implied volatility factors) available only after the close, the actual fee may differ from that of the projection.

2. Exposure Fee Monitoring via the Account window is only available for accounts that have been charged an exposure fee in the last 30 days

Order Preview - Check Exposure Fee Impact

IB provides a feature which allows account holders to check what impact, if any, an order will have upon the projected Exposure Fee. The feature is intended to be used prior to submitting the order to provide advance notice as to the fee and allow for changes to be made to the order prior to submission in order to minimize or eliminate the fee.

The feature is enabled by right-clicking on the order line at which point the Order Preview window will open. This window will contain a link titled "Check Exposure Fee Impact" (see red highlighted box in Exhibit I below).

Exhibit I

 

Clicking the link will expand the window and display the Exposure fee, if any, associated with the current positions, the change in the fee were the order to be executed, and the total resultant fee upon order execution (see red highlighted box in Exhibit II below).  These balances are further broken down by the product classification to which the fee applies (e.g. Equity, Oil). Account holders may simply close the window without transmitting the order if the fee impact is determined to be excessive.

Exhibit II

 

Please see KB2275 for information regarding the use of IB's Risk Navigator for managing and projecting the Exposure Fee and KB2344 for monitoring fees through the Account Window

 

Important Notes

1. The Estimated Next Exposure Fee is a projection based upon readily available information.  As the fee calculation is based upon information (e.g., prices and implied volatility factors) available only after the close, the actual fee may differ from that of the projection.

2. The Check Exposure Fee Impact is only available for accounts that have been charged an exposure fee in the last 30 days

Using Risk Navigator to Project Exposure Fees

Overview: 

IB's Risk Navigator provides a custom scenario feature which allows one to determine what effect, if any, changes to their portfolio will have to the Exposure fee. Outlined below are the steps for creating a what-ifportfolio through assumed changes to an existing portfolio or through an entirely new proposed portfolio along with determining the resultant fee.   Note that this feature is available through TWS build 971.0i and above.

Step 1: Open a new “What-if” portfolio
 
From the Classic TWS trading platform, select the Analytical Tools, Risk Navigator, and then Open New What-If menu options (Exhibit 1).
 
Exhibit 1
 
 
From the Mosaic TWS trading platform, select the New Window, Select Risk Navigator, and then Open New What-If menu options.
 
Step 2: Define starting portfolio
 
A pop-up window will appear (Exhibit 2) from which you will be prompted to define whether you would like to create a hypothetical portfolio starting from your current portfolio or a newly created portfolio.  Clicking on the "yes" button will serve to download existing positions to the new “What-If” portfolio.
 
Exhibit 2
 
Clicking on the "No" button will open up the “What-If” Portfolio with no positions. 
 
Step 3: Add Positions
 
To add a position to the what-ifportfolio, click on the green row titled "New" and then enter the underlying symbol (Exhibit 3), define the product type (Exhibit 4) and enter position quantity (Exhibit 5).
 
Exhibit 3
 
 
Exhibit 4
 
 
Exhibit 5
 
 
You can modify the positions to see how that changes the margin.  After you altered your positions you will need to click on the recalculate icon () to the right of the margin numbers in order to have them update.  Whenever that icon is present the margin numbers are not up-to-date with the content of the what-ifPortfolio.
 
Step 4: Determine Exposure Fee
 
To view the projected correlated exposure fee based upon your what-ifportfolio, click on the Report and then Exposure Fee menu options (Exhibit 6).  Once selected, a new Exposure Fee tab will be added, which will display the projected exposure fee broken down by primary risk factors (Exhibit 7).
 
Exhibit 6
 
 
Exhibit 7
 
You can modify the positions to see how that changes the Exposure Fee.  After you altered your positions you will need to click on the refresh button to the right of the Last Calculation Time.  Whenever the warning icon () is present the Exposure Fee Calculations numbers are not up-to-date with the content of the what-ifPortfolio. 
 

Please see KB2344 for information on monitoring the Exposure fee through the Account Window and KB2276 for verifying exposure fee through the Order Preview screen.

Important Note

1. The on-demand Exposure Fee check represents a projection based upon readily available information.  As the fee calculation is based upon information (e.g., prices and implied volatility factors) available only after the close, the actual fee may differ from that of the projection.

Overview of Dodd-Frank

Background
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, commonly referred to as Dodd-Frank, is a U.S. law enacted in July of 2010, the purpose of which is to prevent the recurrence of events which lead to the 2008 financial crisis. Its principal goals are to:

- Promote U.S. financial stability by improving accountability and transparency within the financial system;
- Protect taxpayers from future bailouts of institutions deemed “too big to fail”; and
- Protect consumers from financial services practices considered abusive.

For additional information, please review the following sections:
- Dodd-Frank reforms
- Dodd-Frank and your IB Account

 

 

 

 

 

Dodd-Frank Reforms
To accomplish its goals, Dodd-Frank proposed the following reforms:

- Enhanced oversight and supervision of financial institutions through the creation of Financial Stability Oversight Council
- Creation of a new agency responsible for implementing and enforcing compliance with consumer financial laws (Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection)
- Implementation of more stringent regulatory capital requirements
- Changes in the regulation of over the counter derivatives including restrictions upon access to Federal credit by swaps entities, establishment of regulatory oversight and mandatory trading and clearing requirements
- Enhanced regulation of credit rating agencies intended to eliminate exemptions from liability, enhance rating agency disclosure, establish prohibited activities and impose standards for independent Board governance
- Changes to corporate governance and executive compensation practices
- Incorporation of the Volcker Rule which imposes restrictions upon the speculative proprietary trading activities of banking entities
- Mandating studies intended to reform investor protection rules
- Changes to the securitization market including requirements that mortgage bankers retain a % of risky loans.

 Return

 

 

 

 

Dodd-Frank and Your IB Account
Perhaps most visible to IB account holders of all the Dodd-Frank regulations are those relating to money transfers. Here, Section 1073 of the Act introduces consumer protections designed to increase transparency with respect to the costs, timing and the right to repudiate cross-border transactions.
For purpose of Section 1073, a cross-border transaction is defined as an electronic transfer of money from a consumer in the United States to a person or business in a foreign country. As IB LLC is a U.S. based broker, all its account holders regardless of whether they are domiciled in the U.S. or not, benefit from this protection and it covers withdrawals denominated in a currency other than the U.S. dollar as well as USD denominated withdrawals sent to a non-U.S. bank. Account holders submitting a withdrawal which is covered by this regulation will be provided with a disclosure after confirming the request within Account Management. This disclosure will include the following information:

- The name and address of the sender and recipient
- The amount to be deducted from the sender’s IB account
- The amount projected to be credited to the recipient’s bank account including an estimate of fees which the receiving bank's correspondent bank(s) may charge. Note that these correspondent bank fees are not set by nor is any part of them earned by IB.
- A disclaimer that additional fees and foreign taxes may apply.
- Notice of the sender’s right to cancel the transfer request for a full refund within 30 minutes of it being authorized.
- Regulatory contact information in the event of questions or complaints.

When estimating correspondent bank transfer fees, IB takes into consideration information collected from past customer transactions in addition to data made available by our agent banks. We encourage our customers to review and consider this information when making decisions regarding cross-border transactions.

 Return

Information Regarding Italian Financial Transaction Tax on Derivatives

Overview: 

This document is designed to provide an overview of how the Italian Financial Transaction Tax (I-FTT) will be handled by Interactive Brokers for Italian derivatives.

Effective September 1, 2013, the tax will be implemented on the purchase and sale of Italian derivatives.

Tax Rate

The tax rate is dependent on the type of financial instrument traded, whether the instrument was traded OTC or on a regulated exchange or MTF and on the value of the contract. The tax is applied per contract.

Scope

The I-FTT will be applied to transactions on derivatives whose underlying assets are mainly I-FTT taxable shares or whole value depends mainly on I-FTT taxable shares. It will also be applied on any other financial instrument which allows the purchase or share of I-FTT taxable shares or involving a cash settlement determined with reference to I-FTT taxable shares.

Calculation Method

The I-FTT will be applied to both the purchaser and the seller of the derivative contract. As such, there is no benefit of netting as there is when trading stocks.

The rates as set for 2013 when trading on a regulated exchange or MTF are outlined below. Note that a transaction occurring OTC will be charged 5 times the rates displayed below. The values displayed below are in EUR.

 

 

Instrument

Value < 2,500

2,500 to 4,999 5,000 to 9,999 10,000 to 49,999 50,000 to 99,999 100,000 to 499,999 500,000 to 999,999 1,000,000 +
Futures, certificates, covered warrants, options on yields, measures or indices related to shares  0.00375  0.0075  0.015  0.075  0.15  0.75  1.5  3
Futures, warrants, certificates, covered warrants and options on shares  0.025  0.05  0.1  0.5  1  5 10  20
All other products not listed above  0.05 0.1 0.2 1  2  10  20  40

 

The information above is being provided on a best efforts basis only and is subject to change.

Security Device Replacement Charge

Account holders logging into their account via IB's Secure Login System are issued a security device, which provides an additional layer of protection to that afforded by the user name and password, and which is intended to prevent on-line hackers and other unauthorized individuals from accessing their account. While IB does not charge any fee for the use of the device, certain versions require that the account holder return the device upon account closing or incur a replacement fee.  Existing account holders are also subject to this replacement fee in the event their device is lost, stolen or damaged (note that there is no fee to replace a device returned as a result of battery failure). 

In addition, while IB does not assess a replacement fee unless a determination has been made that the device has been lost, stolen, damaged or not returned, a reserve equal to the fee will placed upon the account upon issuance of the device to secure its return.  This reserve will have no effect upon the equity of the account available for trading, but will act as limit to full withdrawals or transfers until such time the device is returned (i.e., cannot withdraw the reserve balance).

Outlined below are the replacement fee associated with each device.

SECURITY DEVICE REPLACEMENT FEE
Security Code Card $0.001
Digital Security Card    $0.002
Digital Security Card + $20.00 
Gold Device $0.002
Platinum Device $0.002

For instructions regarding the return of security devices, please see KB975

 

1 The Security Code Card is not required to be returned upon account closing and may be destroyed and discarded once remaining funds have been returned and the account has been fully closed. Access to Account Management after closure for purposes of viewing and retrieving activity statements and tax documents is maintained using solely the existing user name and password combination.

2 IB is no longer issuing a replacement for this Security Device. Account holders using this device are encouraged to log into Account Management and request a replacement device. Please see here for directions.

Why Do Commission Charges on U.S. Options Vary?

IBKR's option commission charge consists of two parts:

1. The execution fee which accrues to IBKR.  For Smart Routed orders this fee is set at $0.65 per contract, reduced to as low as $0.15 per contract for orders in excess of 100,000 contracts in a given month (see website for costs on Direct Routed orders, reduced rates on low premium options and minimum order charges); and 

2. Third party exchange, regulatory and/or transaction fees.

In the case of third party fees, certain U.S. option exchanges maintain a liquidity fee/rebate structure which, when aggregated with the IBKR execution fee and any other regulatory and/or transaction fees, may result in an overall per contract commission charge that varies from one order to another.  This is attributable to the exchange portion of the calculation, the result of which may be a payment to the customer rather than a fee, and which depends upon a number of factors outside of IBKR's control including the customer's order attributes and the prevailing bid-ask quotes.

Exchanges which operate under this liquidity fee/rebate model charge a fee for orders which serve to remove liquidity (i.e., marketable orders) and provide a credit for orders which add liquidity (i.e., limit orders which are not marketable). Fees can vary by exchange, customer type (e.g., public, broker-dealer, firm, market maker, professional), and option underlying with public customer rebates (credits) generally ranging from $0.10 - $0.90 and public customer fees from $0.01 - $0.95. 

IBKR is obligated to route marketable option orders to the exchange providing the best execution price and the Smart Router takes into consideration liquidity removal fees when determining which exchange to route the order to when the inside market is shared by multiple (i.e., will route the order to the exchange with the lowest or no fee).  Accordingly, the Smart Router will only route a market order to an exchange which charges a higher fee if they can better the market by at least $0.01 (which, given the standard option multiplier of 100 would result in price improvement of $1.00 which is greater than the largest liquidity removal fee).

For additional information on the concept of adding/removing liquidity, including examples, please refer to KB201.

Syndicate content