Anteprima ordine - Controllo impatto commissione di esposizione

IB permette ai titolari del conto di verificare l'eventuale impatto di un ordine sulla Commissione di esposizione attesa mediante una funzionalità pensata per un utilizzo prima dell'inoltro dell'ordine. Tale funzionalità fornisce un preavviso di commissione grazie al quale è possibile modificare l'ordine prima della sua trasmissione e diminuire o annullare la commissione stessa.

Per attivare questa funzionalità è necessario cliccare con il pulsante destro del mouse sulla riga dell'ordine, dopodiché si aprirà la finestra Anteprima ordine contenente un link denominato "Controllo impatto commissione di esposizione" (si veda il riquadro evidenziato in rosso nella Figura I qui di seguito).

 Figura I

 

Cliccando sul link si aprirà una finestra raffigurante l'eventuale Commissione di esposizione associata alle posizioni esistenti, la variazione della commissione in caso di ordine processato e la commissione totale risultante una volta processato l'ordine (si veda il riquadro evidenziato in rosso nella Figura II qui di seguito).  I saldi sono suddivisi ulteriormente per categoria di prodotto alla quale le commissioni si applicano (es. azioni, petrolio). I titolari del conto possono chiudere la finestra senza inoltrare l'ordine qualora ritengano l'impatto della commissione eccessivo.

Figura II

 

Si veda l'articolo KB2275 per informazioni sull'utilizzo di Risk Navigator relative alla gestione e alla stima della Commissione di esposizione e il KB2344 per il monitoraggio delle commissioni mediante la Finestra conto

Utilizzo di Risk Navigator per la stima delle commissioni di esposizione

Lo strumento Risk Navigator di IB prevede una funzionalità di scenario personalizzato per poter determinare l'eventuale effetto delle variazioni del proprio portafoglio sulla commissione di esposizione.   Di seguito sono elencati i passaggi per creare un portafoglio “What–If”, o mediante variazioni ipotetiche a un portafoglio esistente o tramite un portafoglio completamente nuovo, e calcolarne la commissione.   Si ricorda che questa funzionalità è disponibile tramite TWS 951 e versioni successive.

Punto 1: apertura di un nuovo portafoglio “What-if”
Dalla piattaforma di trading TWS classica selezionare le opzioni del menu Strumenti di analisi, Risk Navigator e Apri nuovo What-If (Figura 1).
 
Figura 1

 

Punto 2: scelta del portafoglio iniziale
Apparirà una finestra pop-up (Figura 2) che richiede di indicare se si desidera creare un portafoglio ipotetico a partire dal proprio portafoglio esistente oppure crearne uno nuovo.  Cliccando sul pulsante "Sì" è possibile scaricare le posizioni esistenti nel nuovo portafoglio “What-If”.
 
Figura 2

 
Cliccando sul pulsante "No" si aprirà il portafoglio “What – If” privo di posizioni (Figura 3).  Selezionare la voce associata alla categoria del prodotto per cui si desidera creare posizioni ipotetiche (es. Capitale proprio).
  
Exhibit 3
 
 
 
Punto 3: aggiunta di nuove posizioni
Per aggiungere posizioni al portafoglio "What - If" è necessario cliccare sulla cella verde denominata "Nuova" e premere il simbolo sottostante (Figura 4), scegliere la categoria di prodotto (Figura 5) e inserire la quantità della posizione (Figura 6)
 
Figura 4
 
 
Figura 5
 
 
Figura 6
 
 
Punto 4: calcolo della commissione di esposizione
Per visualizzare la commissione di esposizione attesa in base al proprio portafoglio “What-If” è necessario cliccare sulle opzioni del menu Report e Commissione di esposizione (Figura 7).  Apparirà una finestra pop-up raffigurante la commissione di esposizione attesa suddivisa per categoria di prodotto (Figura 8).
 
Figura 7
 
 
Figura 8

 

 

Si veda l'articolo KB2344 per informazioni sul monitoraggio della commissione di esposizione mediante la Finestra conto e il KB2276 per verificare la commissione di esposizione attraverso la schermata Anteprima ordine.

Order Preview - Check Exposure Fee Impact

IB provides a feature which allows account holders to check what impact, if any, an order will have upon the projected Exposure Fee. The feature is intended to be used prior to submitting the order to provide advance notice as to the fee and allow for changes to be made to the order prior to submission in order to minimize or eliminate the fee.

The feature is enabled by right-clicking on the order line at which point the Order Preview window will open. This window will contain a link titled "Check Exposure Fee Impact" (see red highlighted box in Exhibit I below).

Exhibit I

 

Clicking the link will expand the window and display the Exposure fee, if any, associated with the current positions, the change in the fee were the order to be executed, and the total resultant fee upon order execution (see red highlighted box in Exhibit II below).  These balances are further broken down by the product classification to which the fee applies (e.g. Equity, Oil). Account holders may simply close the window without transmitting the order if the fee impact is determined to be excessive.

Exhibit II

 

Please see KB2275 for information regarding the use of IB's Risk Navigator for managing and projecting the Exposure Fee and KB2344 for monitoring fees through the Account Window

 

Important Notes

1. The Estimated Next Exposure Fee is a projection based upon readily available information.  As the fee calculation is based upon information (e.g., prices and implied volatility factors) available only after the close, the actual fee may differ from that of the projection.

2. The Check Exposure Fee Impact is only available for accounts that have been charged an exposure fee in the last 30 days

Using Risk Navigator to Project Exposure Fees

Overview: 

IB's Risk Navigator provides a custom scenario feature which allows one to determine what effect, if any, changes to their portfolio will have to the Exposure fee. Outlined below are the steps for creating a what-ifportfolio through assumed changes to an existing portfolio or through an entirely new proposed portfolio along with determining the resultant fee.   Note that this feature is available through TWS build 971.0i and above.

Step 1: Open a new “What-if” portfolio
 
From the Classic TWS trading platform, select the Analytical Tools, Risk Navigator, and then Open New What-If menu options (Exhibit 1).
 
Exhibit 1
 
 
From the Mosaic TWS trading platform, select the New Window, Select Risk Navigator, and then Open New What-If menu options.
 
Step 2: Define starting portfolio
 
A pop-up window will appear (Exhibit 2) from which you will be prompted to define whether you would like to create a hypothetical portfolio starting from your current portfolio or a newly created portfolio.  Clicking on the "yes" button will serve to download existing positions to the new “What-If” portfolio.
 
Exhibit 2
 
Clicking on the "No" button will open up the “What-If” Portfolio with no positions. 
 
Step 3: Add Positions
 
To add a position to the what-ifportfolio, click on the green row titled "New" and then enter the underlying symbol (Exhibit 3), define the product type (Exhibit 4) and enter position quantity (Exhibit 5).
 
Exhibit 3
 
 
Exhibit 4
 
 
Exhibit 5
 
 
You can modify the positions to see how that changes the margin.  After you altered your positions you will need to click on the recalculate icon () to the right of the margin numbers in order to have them update.  Whenever that icon is present the margin numbers are not up-to-date with the content of the what-ifPortfolio.
 
Step 4: Determine Exposure Fee
 
To view the projected correlated exposure fee based upon your what-ifportfolio, click on the Report and then Exposure Fee menu options (Exhibit 6).  Once selected, a new Exposure Fee tab will be added, which will display the projected exposure fee broken down by primary risk factors (Exhibit 7).
 
Exhibit 6
 
 
Exhibit 7
 
You can modify the positions to see how that changes the Exposure Fee.  After you altered your positions you will need to click on the refresh button to the right of the Last Calculation Time.  Whenever the warning icon () is present the Exposure Fee Calculations numbers are not up-to-date with the content of the what-ifPortfolio. 
 

Please see KB2344 for information on monitoring the Exposure fee through the Account Window and KB2276 for verifying exposure fee through the Order Preview screen.

Important Note

1. The on-demand Exposure Fee check represents a projection based upon readily available information.  As the fee calculation is based upon information (e.g., prices and implied volatility factors) available only after the close, the actual fee may differ from that of the projection.

Can I set a maximum dollar exposure for my account?

Unless an account holds solely long stock, bond, option or forex positions which have been paid for in full (i.e., no margin) and/or contains limited risk derivative positions such as option spreads, it is at risk of losing more than the original investment.

In the case of portfolios where the risk is indeterminable, there is no mechanism whereby the account holder can specify, at the portfolio level, a maximum dollar threshold of losses which, if reached, would limit their liability. IB does, however, provide a variety of tools and settings designed to assist account holders with managing and monitoring their exposure, including specialized order types, alerts and the Risk Navigator. A brief overview of each is provided below:

Order Types

Account holders may manage exposure on an individual trade level through several order types designed to limit risk. These order types include, but are not limited to: Stop, Adjustable Stop, Stop Limit, Trailing Stop and Trailing Stop Limit Orders. All of these order types allow you to specify an exit level for your individual positions based on your risk tolerance. For example, an account holder long 200 shares of hypothetical stock XYZ at an average price of $20.00 seeking to limit their loss to $500.00 could create a Stop Limit order having a Stop Price of $18.00 (the price at which a limit sell order is triggered) and a Limit Price of $17.50 (the lowest price at which the shares would be sold).  It's important to note, however, that while a Stop Limit eliminates the price risk associated with a Stop order where the execution price is not guaranteed, it exposes the account holder to the risk that the order may never be filled even if the Stop Price is reached.  For instructions on creating a Stop Limit order, click here.

 

Alerts

Alerts provide account holders the ability to specify events or conditions which, if met, trigger an action. The conditions can be based on time, trades that occur in the account, price levels, trade volume, or a margin cushion. For example, if the account holder wanted to be notified if their account was nearing a margin deficiency and forced liquidation, an alert could be set up to send an email if the margin cushion fell to some desired percentage, say 10% of equity. The action may consist of an email or text notification or the triggering of a risk reducing trade. For instructions on creating an Alert, click here.

Risk Navigator

The Risk Navigator is a real-time market risk management platform contained within the TraderWorkstation, which provides the account holder with the ability to create 'what-if' scenarios to measure exposure given user-defined changes to positions, prices, date and volatility variables which may impact their risk profile. For information on using an Risk Navigator, click here.

IB's Risk Navigator Session 3 - What-if Scenario

How to create a What-if Scenario using IB's Risk Navigator

Click here to watch: Risk Navigator Session 1 - Introduction

Click here to watch: Risk Navigator Session 2 - Custom Scenario

For detailed information on how to create What-if scenarios please refer to the TWS Online User's Guide.

 

 

IB's Risk Navigator Session 2 - Custom Scenario

How to create a custom scenario using IB's Risk Navigator.

Click here to view: IB's Risk Navigator Session 1 - Introduction

Click here to view: IB's Risk Navigator Session 3 - What-if Scenario

For detailed information please refer to the TWS Online User's Guide.

 

IB's Risk Navigator Session 1 - Introduction

A Brief Introduction to Interactive Broker's Risk Navigator

Click here to view: IB's Risk Navigator Session 2 - Custom Scenario

Click here to view: IB's Risk Navigator Session 3 - What-if Scenario

For detailed information please refer to the TWS Online Users Guide.

 

 

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