市場數據獲取:專業與非專業使用

Overview: 

大多數交易所會對其實時市場數據(報價及交易信息)收費。

Background: 

針對專業用戶的費率通常遠高於非專業用戶。相應地,很多交易所,尤其是美國的交易所,會要求用戶完成一份詳細的問卷調查,以享受較低的費率。

如您希望獲取以下數據服務(美交所、芝加哥商業交易所、紐交所、納斯達克、OPRA或美國證券快照與期權數據組)的實時數據,您必須每年填寫並重新確認本問卷。

有關專業與非專業數據使用的更多信息,請見以下知識庫文章:

  • 有關專業與非專業用戶標準的詳細描述:KB2369 
  • 如何填寫數據使用問卷:KB2583 

紐交所和大部分美國交易所對專業用戶的定義

Overview: 

紐交所和大部分美國交易所對專業用戶的定義

Background: 

大部分投資者認為當其交易及投資活動的目的與有償活動(如工作、擔任諮詢師、投資顧問等)無關時,此類交易及投資活動為非專業行為。紐交所和許多美國交易所在評估實時市場數據時對“專業”的定義要寬泛得多。

對於這些交易所,“專業”和“非專業”的定義更多取決於使用數據的人,而非使用數據的性質,比如受僱於金融行業的人士-- 即使不擔任與交易或其他與市場活動有關的崗位- 仍將被歸為專業用戶,這僅僅因為他們的雇主,可能是一家銀行。同樣地,如果某人是任意金融監管機構(如FINRA)的註冊人士,即使與該註冊相關的活動與交易所或市場職能無關,他們也將被歸為“專業”人士。

數據供應商和交易所針對專業用途收取的費用通常遠高於非專業用途。

需注意的是,此分類規則是交易所製定的,儘管IB對其定義無貢獻,但作為數據供應商和終端用戶的中間機構,我們有義務確保此類規則得到貫徹。

專業用戶的標準

以下列表囊括了數據供應商和交易所在評估某實時市場數據的使用者是專業用戶還是非專業用戶時考慮的諸多標準。如以下任意一條定義適用於賬戶/使用者,則用戶將被歸為“專業”用戶。此類定義彙編自多家交易所。

具體文件請查看頁面底部的鏈接。

  • 如果賬戶不是以自然人的名義開立的
  • 如果賬戶為機構賬戶
  • 如果用戶在任意證券機構註冊過
  • 如果用戶在任意監管機構或自律組織註冊過
  • 如果用戶供職于金融服務行業或受僱擔任金融顧問
  • 如果用戶在美國證監會、商品期貨交易委員會、任意州證券機構、任意證券交易所或協會、或任意大宗商品或期貨合約市場或協會註冊或有資格任職。
  • 如果用戶擔任美國《1940年投資顧問法案》第202(a)(11)章節定義的“投資顧問”(不論是否按該法案註冊或有任職資格);
  • 如果用戶受僱於在聯邦或州證券法下免於註冊的銀行或其他機構、且發揮的職能對於未被免於註冊的機構而言需註冊或有任職資格
  • 如果用戶為銀行或金融服務供應商
  • 如果用戶出於商業用途使用數據
  • 如果用戶在任意國家或州交易所、監管機構、專業協會或公認的專業機構註冊為/有資格擔任專業證券交易員或投資顧問
  • 如果用戶代表涉足券商、銀行、投資或金融活動的機構行動
  • 如果用戶收取客戶費用
  • 如果用戶為證券專業人士
  • 如果用戶或賬戶為經紀商/交易商
  • 如果用戶為投資顧問
  • 如果用戶為交易或就交易提供諮詢意見的註冊代表
  • 如果用戶或賬戶為收受或不收受報酬的投資俱樂部
  • 如果用戶為轉包商或獨立承包商
  • 如果用戶出於第三方的利益使用數據
  • 如果用戶代表任意其他人或任意公司、合夥企業、有限責任公司、信託、協會或其他實體形式出於私人使用之目的就信息達成協議,或接收或使用信息
  • 如果用戶提供服務並由其他人或任意公司、合夥企業、有限責任公司、信託、協會或其他實體形式支付報酬,且出於私人使用之目的就信息達成協議、接收或使用信息
  • 如果用戶在受僱期間或在與任意交易或商業形式相關的情況下評估/使用信息
  • 如果賬戶為有一個以上受託人的信託
  • 如果賬戶為信託且受託人不是自然人。如果受託人為機構,而機構的唯一所有人為自然人,這不能歸為“專業”用戶。受託人必須為自然人。
  • 如果賬戶為信託,且其受益人不是直系親屬或如果受益人不是自然人
  • 如果賬戶為家族信託形式以外的信託。

要查看紐交所的政策,請訪問www.nyxdata.com/Docs/Market-Data/Policies並點擊“所有紐交所市場數據政策——完整包”並拉到第23頁。

要查看納斯達克的政策,請訪問http://nasdaqtrader.com/Trader.aspx?id=AgreementsData並點擊納斯達克OMX全球訂閱用戶協議,閱讀第2-6頁。

要查看OPRA政策,請訪問www.opradata.com並將鼠標懸停在左側的“協議”上方並點擊“電子訂閱用戶協議”(供應商協議附件B-1)(PDF),並閱讀第3頁底部到第4頁底部包括腳註在內的內容。

MARKET DATA ACCESS: PROFESSIONAL VS NON-PROFESIONAL USAGE

Overview: 

 Most exchanges charge for access to their real-time market data (quotes and trade information).

Background: 

 The charges for professional users are considerably higher than for non-professional use. Accordingly, many exchanges, and US exchanges in particular, have a detailed questionnaire that they require users to complete in order to qualify for the lower charges.

 If you wish to access real-time data for any of the following data services (AMEX, CME, NYSE, NASDAQ, OPRA or U.S. Securities Snapshot & Futures Value Bundle), you must fill out this questionnaire and re-affirm it annually.

More information about Professional vs. Non-Professional data use can be found at various knowledge base articles:

  • Detailed description of what qualifies as professional vs non-professional use: KB2369 
  • Assistance on completing the data use questionnaire: KB2583 

Subscription considerations for U.S. market data (Non-Professionals)

In determining the range of market data subscription offerings to make available, IBKR seeks to balance the needs of a wide variety of clients, both in terms of the scope of products traded and the frequency of data use. To afford clients the opportunity to minimize their monthly subscription costs for U.S. data, both bundled and a la carte monthly services are offered as well as options for real-time streaming, snapshot and delayed feeds. Please note, delayed quotes are not provided for U.S. stocks on live accounts due to FINRA regulations.

Outlined below are the basic questions to be considered when deciding which subscription best meets your needs (see website for current subscription rates). Note that clients are not obligated to purchase data through IBKR.
 

What US Products do you trade?

Generally speaking, clients trading a broad variety of product classes should consider the basic bundled subscription referred to as the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle which costs USD 10 per month and provides quotes for a variety of U.S. stocks, stock indices, bonds, futures and futures options. The monthly fee for this subscription is waived for any month in which the account generates at least USD 30 in commissions.
 
Futures
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time top of book quotes for CBOT, CME, COMEX, and NYMEXUS.
- Futures Value PLUS Bundle: real-time depth (Level 2) of book quotes for CBOT, CME, COMEX, and NYMEX.1
- ICE Futures U.S. (NYBOT): includes real-time options and LIFFE precious metals futures and futures options.
 
Bonds
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time quotes for US corporate bonds and US-Treasuries.
- US Bond Real-Time Data: real-time quotes for US corporate bonds and US-Treasuries offered free of charge.
 
Options
- OPRA Top of Book: real-time top of book quotes for all U.S. securities option exchanges.
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time quotes for many of the stock indices which underlie options.
 
OTC Stocks
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: real-time top of book quotes for OTCBB and PINK listings.
 
National Market System (NMS) Stocks - the subscription elections for NMS stocks (i.e., NYSE, AMEX & NASDAQ listings) are varied and depend upon the following considerations:
 

 

How often would you like to see real-time quotes?

 
Occasionally
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: includes real-time top of book quotes for stocks listed on each of the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges. Intended for occasional users as no quotes are provided unless a “snapshot” refresh is requested, with each request subject to a USD 0.01 fee. If the number of refresh requests reaches 150 for a given exchange in a given month, the monthly cost for that exchange will be capped at USD 1.50 and the subscriber will receive real-time streaming quotes for that exchange for the remainder of the month at no additional charge (i.e., the maximum snapshot fee for a given month for all three exchanges is USD 4.50).  Note that while the base fee of USD 10 for this bundle is waived for accounts generating at least USD 30 monthly commissions, the fee for snapshot quote requests is not waived.
 
Routinely
- NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C): real-time streaming top of book quotes for each the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges which may be subscribed to on an a la carte basis for USD 1.50 per month each (USD 4.50 for all). Intended for users who trade securities listed on only one or two of the above exchanges on a frequent basis.
 
OPRA Top of Book: real-time top of book quotes for all U.S. securities option exchanges which may be subscribed to for USD 1.50 per month
 
- US Equity and Options Add-On Streaming Bundle1: Includes NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ(Network C), and OPRA(US Options). Intended for users who trade securities listed on all of the above exchanges on a frequent basis. Will replace the snap quotes provided under the basic US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle subscription and costs USD 4.50 per month.

 

How much commissions do you typically generate per month?

 
Less than USD 30 per month
- NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C): real-time streaming top of book quotes for each the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges. If you trade only NMS stocks and generate commissions of less than USD 30 per month, you can receive real-time streaming stock quotes for all three exchanges at a monthly cost of USD 4.50 vs. snap quotes at a monthly cost of USD 10.
 
More than USD 30 per month
- US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle: includes real-time top of book quotes for stocks listed on each of the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges on a snapshot request basis. There is no cost to elect this subscription as the fee is waived if you generate monthly commissions of at least USD 30. You may wish to consider augmenting this subscription with any of the NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C) real-time streaming services at a monthly cost of USD 1.50 each.
 

 

What exchanges do you trade? 

 
Limited population 
- NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ (Network C): real-time streaming top of book quotes for each the NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ exchanges. If you trade securities listed on a subset of these three exchanges, you can receive real-time streaming stock quotes at a monthly cost of USD 1.50 for each. If you also maintain a subscription to the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle, the real-time feed will serve to overlay the snap quote for any of the individual exchanges selected and you will receive snap quotes for the remainder. If you are not subscribed to the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle, then you will receive no quotes for US stocks as delayed quotes are not provided for U.S. stocks on live accounts due to FINRA regulations.
 
All
- US Equity and Options Add-On Streaming Bundle1: Includes NYSE (Network A), AMEX (Network B), NASDAQ(Network C), and OPRA(US Options). Intended for users who trade securities listed on all of the above exchanges on a frequent basis. Will replace the snap quotes provided under the basic US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle subscription.

1Requires a subscription to the US Securities Snapshot and Futures Value Bundle.

 

 

Snapshot Market Data

BACKGROUND

IBKR offers eligible clients the option of receiving a real-time price quote for a single instrument on a request basis. This service, referred to as “Snapshot Quotes” differs from the traditional quote services which offer continuous streaming and updates of real-time prices. Snapshot Quotes are offered as a lost-cost alternative to clients who do not trade regularly and do not want to rely upon delayed quotes when submitting an order.  Additional details regarding this quote service is provided below. 

QUOTE COMPONENTS

The Snapshot quote includes the following data:        

  • Last price
  • Last size
  • Last exchange
  • Current bid-ask
  • Size for each of current bid-ask
  • Exchange for each of current bid-ask 

AVAILABLE SERVICES

Service Restrictions Price per Quote Request (USD)1
AMEX (Network B/CTA)   $0.01
ASX Total No access to ASX24.
Limited to Non-Professional subscribers
$0.03
Bolsa de Madrid   $0.03
Canadian Exchange Group (TSX/TSXV) Limited to Non-Professional subscribers who are not clients of IB Canada $0.03
CBOT Real-Time   $0.03
CME Real-Time   $0.03
COMEX Real-Time   $0.03
Eurex Core Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Euronext Basic Limited to Non-Professional subscribers

Includes Euronext equities, indices, equity derivatives and index derivatives.
$0.03
German ETF's and Indices Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Hong Kong (HKFE) Derivatives   $0.03
Hong Kong Securities Exchange (Stocks, Warrants, Bonds)   $0.03
Johannesburg Stock Exchange   $0.03
Montreal Derivatives Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
NASDAQ (Network C/UTP)   $0.01
Nordic Derivatives   $0.03
Nordic Equity   $0.03
NYMEX Real-Time   $0.03
NYSE (Network A/CTA)   $0.01
OPRA (US Options Exchanges)   $0.03
Shanghai Stock Exchange 5 Second Snapshot (via HKEx)   $0.03
Shenzhen Stock Exchange 3 Second Snapshot (via HKEx)   $0.03
SIX Swiss Exchange Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Spot Market Germany (Frankfurt/Xetra) Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
STOXX Index Real-Time Data Limited to Non-Professional subscribers $0.03
Toronto Stk Exchange Limited to Non-Professional subscribers who are clients of IB Canada $0.03
TSX Venture Exchange Limited to Non-Professional subscribers who are clients of IB Canada $0.03
UK LSE (IOB) Equities   $0.03
UK LSE Equities   $0.03

 1Cost is per snapshot quote request and will be assessed in the Base Currency equivalent, if not USD.

 

ELIGIBILITY

  • Accounts must maintain the Market Data Subscription Minimum and Maintenance Equity Balance Requirements in order to qualify for Snapshot quotes.
  • The Users must operate TWS Build 976.0 or higher to access Snapshot quote functionality.

 

PRICING DETAILS

  • Clients will receive $1.00 of snapshot quotes free of charge each month. Free snaphots may be applied to either U.S. or non-U.S. quote requests and charges will be applied, without additional notice, once the free allocation has been exhausted. Clients may review their snapshot usage as of the close of each business day via the Client Portal.
  • Quote fees are assessed on a lag basis, generally in the first week after the month in which Snapshot services were provided. Accounts which do not have sufficient cash or Equity With Loan Value to cover the monthly fee will be subject to position liquidations.
  • The monthly fee for snapshots will be capped at the related streaming real-time monthly service price. At which time the streaming quotes will be provided at no additional cost for the remainder of the month.  The switch to streaming quotes will take place at approximately 18:30 EST the following business day after reaching the snapshot threshold. At the close of the month, the streaming service will automatically terminate and the snapshot counter will reset. Each service is capped independently of the others and quote requests for one service cannot be counted towards the cap of another. See table below for sample details.
Service Price per Quote Request (USD) Non-Pro Subscriber Cap (Requests/Total Cost)2 Pro Subscriber Cap (Requests/Total Cost)3
AMEX (Network B/CTA) $0.01 150/$1.50 2,300/$23.00
NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) $0.01 150/$1.50 2,500/$25.00
NYSE (Network A/CTA) $0.01 150/$1.50 4,500/$4,500

 

REQUESTING SNAPSHOT QUOTES

Desktop Trading - TWS (Classic):

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, under the column Ticker Action you would see a button for Snapshot:

 

When clicking the Snapshot button, it will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol along with the NBBO information:


 

In the Quote Details Window clicking the Refresh link will update the the NBBO quote. 

Example:

In the above case, GOOG is a NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) listed stock. There will be a charge of 0.01 USD per query (a snapshot).

  • Non-Professionals can request another 149 snapshots for GOOG or any other NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) listed shares, before it turns into streaming quotes.
  • Professionals can request another 2,499 snapshots for GOOG or any other NASDAQ (Network C/UTP) listed shares, before it turns into streaming quotes.

You will only be charged for the snapshots until the cap amount. Once the snapshot limit is reached, no further charges will be applied for the rest of the month and will begin receiving streaming quotes for that service.

 

Desktop Trading - TWS (Mosaic):

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, when selecting a row in the Monitor tab, the Order Entry window will display an option to request a Snapshot.

 


 

Clicking the +SNAPSHOT link will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol and will populate the NBBO information:

 


 

In the Quote Details Window clicking the Refresh link will update the the NBBO quote.

Client Portal:

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, in the Order Ticket window, under the Bid/Ask price you would see a link for Snapshot:

 

 

When clicking the Snapshot link, will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol:

 

 

In the snapshot window clicking the Refresh link will update the the NBBO quote.

 

Web Trading - WebTrader:

If you have delayed data displayed and subscribed to the snapshot permissions, on the Market Tab under the column Additional Data you would see a button for Snapshot:

 


 

When clicking the Snapshot button, will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol:

 

Mobile Trading - IBKR Mobile app:

On the Quote Screen tapping on a Symbol will expand the quote box. If you have delayed data displayed and are subscribed to the snapshot permissions you will see a link for Snapshot:


When tapping the Snapshot link, it will populate a quote details window. The quote details window will generate a timestamp the moment the NBBO quote is received for that symbol along with the NBBO information:

 

 

How to check and solve connectivity issues affecting the Trader Workstation (TWS)

Background: 

The Trader Workstation (TWS) software needs to connect to our gateways and market data servers in order to work properly. Connectivity issues affecting your local network or your Internet Service Provider network may negatively affect the TWS functionality. In this article we will indicate how to test your connectivity using an automated connectivity test web page.

 

How to test the connectivity using the automated "IB Connectivity Test" web page?

1) Click on this link: http://www.interactivebrokers.com/cgi-bin/conn_test.pl 

2) Please wait until all the tests have been completed and results have been displayed. If you see "Success" as outcome for all tests, your connectivity to IB Servers is reliable at the present moment. No additional connectivity troubleshooting or configuration should be needed.

3) If you see "Fail" as outcome for one or more test/s, please click on the link "Fail" itself in order to display the "IB Network Troubleshooting Guide". That section will help you conduct some manual tests to identify the cause of the failure.

Note for Corporative environments and Proxy server users: the automated "Connectivity Test" page may return misleading results in case your machine is accessing the Internet through a Proxy server. This usually happens if you are connected to a company network. If this is your case, we kindly ask you to contact your Network Administrator or your IT Team and ask them to perform a manual connectivity tests towards the destination servers indicated in the table on the top of the IB automated "Connectivity Test" web page itself. The manual connectivity test should be conducted using destination TCP ports 4000 and 4001. Should they prefer to have the server list in another format or should they need to set up the firewall / IP Management rules, you can forward them this page.

 

Allocation of Partial Fills

Title:

How are executions allocated when an order receives a partial fill because an insufficient quantity is available to complete the allocation of shares/contracts to sub-accounts?

 

Overview:

From time-to-time, one may experience an allocation order which is partially executed and is canceled prior to being completed (i.e. market closes, contract expires, halts due to news, prices move in an unfavorable direction, etc.). In such cases, IB determines which customers (who were originally included in the order group and/or profile) will receive the executed shares/contracts. The methodology used by IB to impartially determine who receives the shares/contacts in the event of a partial fill is described in this article.

 

Background:

Before placing an order CTAs and FAs are given the ability to predetermine the method by which an execution is to be allocated amongst client accounts. They can do so by first creating a group (i.e. ratio/percentage) or profile (i.e. specific amount) wherein a distinct number of shares/contracts are specified per client account (i.e. pre-trade allocation). These amounts can be prearranged based on certain account values including the clients’ Net Liquidation Total, Available Equity, etc., or indicated prior to the order execution using Ratios, Percentages, etc. Each group and/or profile is generally created with the assumption that the order will be executed in full. However, as we will see, this is not always the case. Therefore, we are providing examples that describe and demonstrate the process used to allocate partial executions with pre-defined groups and/or profiles and how the allocations are determined.

Here is the list of allocation methods with brief descriptions about how they work.

·         AvailableEquity
Use sub account’ available equality value as ratio. 

·         NetLiq
Use subaccount’ net liquidation value as ratio

·         EqualQuantity
Same ratio for each account

·         PctChange1:Portion of the allocation logic is in Trader Workstation (the initial calculation of the desired quantities per account).

·         Profile

The ratio is prescribed by the user

·         Inline Profile

The ratio is prescribed by the user.

·         Model1:
Roughly speaking, we use each account NLV in the model as the desired ratio. It is possible to dynamically add (invest) or remove (divest) accounts to/from a model, which can change allocation of the existing orders.

 

 

 

Basic Examples:

Details:

CTA/FA has 3-clients with a predefined profile titled “XYZ commodities” for orders of 50 contracts which (upon execution) are allocated as follows:

Account (A) = 25 contracts

Account (B) = 15 contracts

Account (C) = 10 contracts

 

Example #1:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 10 am (ET) the order begins to execute2but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 2 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior to being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is filled (i.e., 7 of the 50 contracts are filled or 14%). For each account the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers:

 

Account (A) = 14% of 25 = 3.5 rounded down to 3

Account (B) = 14% of 15 = 2.1 rounded down to 2

Account (C) = 14% of 10 = 1.4 rounded down to 1

 

To Summarize:

A: initially receives 3 contracts, which is 3/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.12)

B: initially receives 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The system then allocates the next (and final) contract to an account with the smallest ratio (i.e. Account C which currently has a ratio of 0.10).

A: final allocation of 3 contracts, which is 3/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.12)

B: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: final allocation of 2 contract, which is 2/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.20)

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

 

Example #2:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 11 am (ET) the order begins to be filled3 but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 1 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is executed (i.e., 5 of the 50 contracts are filled or 10%).For each account, the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers:

 

Account (A) = 10% of 25 = 2.5 rounded down to 2

Account (B) = 10% of 15 = 1.5 rounded down to 1

Account (C) = 10% of 10 = 1 (no rounding necessary)

 

To Summarize:

A: initially receives 2 contracts, which is 2/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.08)

B: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

The system then allocates the next (and final) contract to an account with the smallest ratio (i.e. to Account B which currently has a ratio of 0.067).

A: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.08)

B: final allocation of 2 contracts, which is 2/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.134)

C: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

Example #3:

CTA/FA creates a DAY order to buy 50 Sept 2016 XYZ future contracts and specifies “XYZ commodities” as the predefined allocation profile. Upon transmission at 11 am (ET) the order begins to be executed2  but in very small portions and over a very long period of time. At 12 pm (ET) the order is canceled prior to being executed in full. As a result, only a portion of the order is filled (i.e., 3 of the 50 contracts are filled or 6%). Normally the system initially allocates by rounding fractional amounts down to whole numbers, however for a fill size of less than 4 shares/contracts, IB first allocates based on the following random allocation methodology.

 

In this case, since the fill size is 3, we skip the rounding fractional amounts down.

 

For the first share/contract, all A, B and C have the same initial fill ratio and fill quantity, so we randomly pick an account and allocate this share/contract. The system randomly chose account A for allocation of the first share/contract.

 

To Summarize3:

A: initially receives 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: initially receives 0 contracts, which is 0/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

C: initially receives 0 contracts, which is 0/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

 

Next, the system will perform a random allocation amongst the remaining accounts (in this case accounts B & C, each with an equal probability) to determine who will receive the next share/contract.

 

The system randomly chose account B for allocation of the second share/contract.

A: 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: 0 contracts, which is 0/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.00)

 

The system then allocates the final [3] share/contract to an account(s) with the smallest ratio (i.e. Account C which currently has a ratio of 0.00).

A: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/25 of desired (fill ratio = 0.04)

B: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/15 of desired (fill ratio = 0.067)

C: final allocation of 1 contract, which is 1/10 of desired (fill ratio = 0.10)

 

The execution(s) received have now been allocated in full.

 

Available allocation Flags

Besides the allocation methods above, user can choose the following flags, which also influence the allocation:

·         Strict per-account allocation.
For the initially submitted order if one or more subaccounts are rejected by the credit checking, we reject the whole order.

·         “Close positions first”1.This is the default handling mode for all orders which close a position (whether or not they are also opening position on the other side or not). The calculation are slightly different and ensure that we do not start opening position for one account if another account still has a position to close, except in few more complex cases.


Other factor affects allocations:

1)      Mutual Fund: the allocation has two steps. The first execution report is received before market open. We allocate based onMonetaryValue for buy order and MonetaryValueShares for sell order. Later, when second execution report which has the NetAssetValue comes, we do the final allocation based on first allocation report.

2)      Allocate in Lot Size: if a user chooses (thru account config) to prefer whole-lot allocations for stocks, the calculations are more complex and will be described in the next version of this document.

3)      Combo allocation1: we allocate combo trades as a unit, resulting in slightly different calculations.

4)      Long/short split1: applied to orders for stocks, warrants or structured products. When allocating long sell orders, we only allocate to accounts which have long position: resulting in calculations being more complex.

5)      For non-guaranteed smart combo: we do allocation by each leg instead of combo.

6)      In case of trade bust or correction1: the allocations are adjusted using more complex logic.

7)      Account exclusion1: Some subaccounts could be excluded from allocation for the following reasons, no trading permission, employee restriction, broker restriction, RejectIfOpening, prop account restrictions, dynamic size violation, MoneyMarketRules restriction for mutual fund. We do not allocate to excluded accountsand we cancel the order after other accounts are filled. In case of partial restriction (e.g. account is permitted to close but not to open, or account has enough excess liquidity only for a portion of the desired position).

 

 

Footnotes:

1.        Details of these calculations will be included in the next revision of this document.

2.        To continue observing margin in each account on a real-time basis, IB allocates each trade immediately (behind the scenes) however from the CTA and/or FA (or client’s) point of view, the final distribution of the execution at an average price typically occurs when the trade is executed in full, is canceled or at the end of day (whichever happens first).

3.       If no account has a ratio greater than 1.0 or multiple accounts are tied in the final step (i.e. ratio = 0.00), the first step is skipped and allocation of the first share/contract is decided via step two (i.e. random allocation).

 

Changing Market Data Subscriber Status from Pro to Non-Pro

Overview: 

For purposes of determining available quote subscriptions and fees, IB is obligated to determine whether account holders fall under the exchange classifications as a Professional or Non-Professional subscriber (See KB2369 for definitions). In most instances, account holders are allowed to self-declare their subscriber status at the point of application or update via Account Management thereafter, although these declarations are subject to review and account holders electing Non-Professional status are subject to having their status amended to Professional based upon the account information they've submitted.

 

Account holders who no longer meet the definition of a Professional may request a change in their status to Non-Professional by following the steps below:

 

Individual and Joint Accounts

  1. Log into Account Management and select the Manage Account, Trade Configuration, and then Subscriber Status menu options. You will be presented with a page through which you can select the option titled Non-Professional and agree to the permitted use and notification of future change in status requirements.
  2. Your request will then be subject to a review by IB to determine whether it can be accepted or denied based upon the account information of record or whether completion of the Non Professional Questionnaire is required. You will be notified via the Message Center if accepted or denied.
  3. If completion of the questionnaire is required, you will receive an email advising you to log into Account Management at which point you will be prompted with the form. Once completed, the responses will be reviewed by IB and you will be notified as to whether or not your change request has been accepted. Please allow between 1 - 2 business days for this review process to complete.
  4. If your request to change status is approved, your Professional Subscriptions will be canceled immediately and, as exchanges do not provide for prorated subscriptions, you will be charged for the subscription as if you had use of it the entire month.  If you wish to subscribe to replacement quote services as a Non-Professional, you may do so through Account Management.  Again, please note that mid-month subscriptions are charged at the full monthly rate.  Accordingly, depending upon your decision to request a change of status and elect replacement subscriptions, you may be subject to both Professional and Non-Professional fees for a given month.

 

Family & Friends Advisor Accounts

  1. Submit your request to complete the Non-Professional Questionnaire via the Message Center located in Account Management.
  2. Your request will then be subject to a review by IB to determine whether it can be accepted or denied based upon the account information of record or whether you are eligible to complete the Non Professional Questionnaire. You will be notified via the Message Center as to the decision.
  3. If eligible to complete the Non Professional Questionnaire, you will receive an email advising you to log into Account Management at which point you will be prompted with the form. Once completed, the responses will be reviewed by IB and you will be notified as to whether or not your change request has been accepted. Please allow between 1 - 2 business days for this review process to complete.
  4. Friends & Family Advisor accounts that are reclassified from Professional to Non-Professional are subject to the same market data cancellation, replacement and billing considerations as noted above for Individual accounts.

 

Organizations, Professional Advisor Accounts & Professional Trusts

  1. These types of accounts are classified as Professional by default per exchange rules and will not be considered for reclassification to Non Professional.

市場數據非專業客戶問卷

Overview: 

如何完成最新的非專業客戶問卷。

Background: 

紐約證券交易所(NYSE)及大多數美國的交易所均要求供應商在允許客戶接收市場數據前確認每個客戶接收市場數據的身份。未來,我們將使用非專業客戶問卷來識別及確認所有訂閱用戶的市場數據身份。根據交易所的要求,在未明確客戶為非專業人士之前,將默認客戶的市場數據接收身份為專業人士。該流程能夠保證所有新訂閱用戶的數據訂閱身份是準確的。若要獲取有關非專業人士定義的簡要指南,請見ibkb.interactivebrokers.com/article/2369。

您必須回答問卷上的所有問題,方可被定義為非專業人士。鑑於交易所要求供應商明確獲得客戶為非專業人士的證明,若問卷回答不完整或不清晰,客戶將被界定為專業投資者,直至其身份得到確認。

如您的身份有所變更,請聯繫幫助台。

問題解釋:

1)    商業及業務用途

a)    您是否出於業務需要、或代表其他商業實體接收財經信息(包括關於證券、商品及其他金融產品的新聞或價格數據)?

解釋:除個人用途外,您是否代表公司或其他組織接收及使用本賬戶中的市場數據?

b)    您是否代表公司、合夥企業、專業信託機構、專業投資俱樂部或其他實體開展證券、商品或外匯交易?

解釋:您只代表個人交易,還是也代表機構(如,有限責任公司、有限責任企業、股份有限公司、公司、有限責任合夥企業等)交易?

c)    您是否就以下事項與其他實體或個人達成過協議:(a) 分享交易活動的盈利,或(b)獲取交易酬勞?

解釋:您是否通過交易獲得酬勞,或與第三方實體或個人分享交易活動的盈利?

d)    您是否通過交易換取辦公場所、設備或其他福利?或者,您是否擔任任意個人、企業或商業實體的財務顧問?

解釋:您是否以任意形式從第三方獲得交易的酬勞,該酬勞不一定以貨幣的形式支付。

2)    擔任職務

a)    目前您是否擔任任何投資顧問或經紀交易商的職務?

解釋:您是否通過管理第三方的資產或指導他人如何管理資產獲得酬勞?

b)    您是否擔任證券、商品或外匯方面的資產管理人?         

解釋:您是否通過管理證券、商品或外匯資產獲得酬勞?

c)     目前您是否在工作中使用此類財經信息,或將其用於管理您的雇主或公司的資產?

解釋:您使用數據是否單純出於商業目的,即,用於管理您的雇主及/或公司的資產?

d)    您交易時是否使用了其他個人或實體的資金?

解釋:您的賬戶中除了您個人的資產,是否有其他實體的資產?

3)    向其他任意實體傳播、再發布或提供數據

a)    您是否以任意方式向任意第三方傳播、再傳播、發布或提供任何從服務中獲得的財經信息?

解釋:您是否以任意形式向其他實體發送您從我方獲得的任何數據?

4)    合資格的專業證券/期貨交易商

a)    目前,您是否為任意證券機構、商品或期貨市場的註冊或合資格的專業證券交易員,或為任意國家交易所、監管機構、專業協會或公認專業機構的投資顧問?i, ii
是☐             否☐

i) 監管機構的例子包括但不限於:

  • 美國證券交易委員會(SEC)
  • 美國商品期貨交易委員會(CFTC)
  • 英國金融服務局(FSA)
  • 日本金融服務局(JFSA)

ii) 自律組織(SROs)的例子包括但不限於:

  • 美國紐約證券交易所(NYSE)
  • 美國金融業監管局(FINRA)
  • 瑞士聯邦金融局(VQF)

盈透證券歡迎您

Overview: 

現在您的賬戶已完成入金并獲批,您可以開始交易了。以下信息可以幫助您入門。

  1. 您的資金
  2. 設置您的賬戶以進行交易
  3. 如何交易
  4. 在全球範圍進行交易
  5. 拓展您IB經驗的五個要點

 

1. 您的資金
存款&取款基本信息。所有轉賬都通過您的賬戶管理進行管理
存款
首先,通過您的賬戶管理 > 資金 > 資金轉賬 > 轉賬類型:“存款”創建一個存款通知(如何創建存款通知)。第二步,通知您的銀行進行電匯轉賬,在存款通知中提供詳細銀行信息。
取款
通過您的賬戶管理 > 資金 > 資金轉賬 > 轉賬類型:“取款”創建一個取款指令(如何創建取款指令
如果您通知要進行超出取款限額的取款,則會被視為異常取款,我們因此將需要匹配銀行賬戶持有人和IB賬戶。如果目的地銀行賬戶已被用作存款,那麼取款將會被處理;否則,您必須聯繫客戶服務并提供所需文件。
錯誤排查
存款:我的銀行發出了資金,但我沒有看到資金記入我的IB賬戶。可能的原因:
a) 資金轉賬需要1至4個工作日。
b) 存款通知缺失。您必須通過賬戶管理創建存款通知并向客戶服務發送一條咨詢單。
c) 修改詳情缺失。轉賬詳情中缺失您的姓名和IB賬戶號碼。您必須聯繫您的銀行索取完整的修改詳情。
d) IB發起的ACH存款7個工作日內限額為10萬美元。如果您開立的是初始要求為11萬美元的投資組合保證金賬戶,最好選擇電匯存款以減少您第一筆交易的等待時間。如果選擇ACH,會需要等待近2周時間,或者可以選擇臨時升級至RegT。
取款:我已經請求了取款,但我沒有看到資金記入我的銀行賬戶。可能的原因:
a) 資金轉賬需要1至4個工作日。
b) 被拒。超出最大取款限額。請檢查您賬戶的現金餘額。注意,出於監管要求,存入資金時會有三天置存期,之後才可以被取出。
c) 您的銀行退回了資金。可能是因為接收銀行賬戶與匯款銀行賬戶名稱不匹配。

 

2. 設置您的賬戶以進行交易
現金與保證金賬戶的區別:如果您選擇快速申請,默認您的賬戶類型為配備美國股票許可的現金賬戶。如果您想使用槓桿并以保證金交易,參見此處如何升級為RegT保證金賬戶
交易許可
為了能夠交易特定國家的某一特定資產類別,您需要通過賬戶管理獲得該資產類別的交易許可。請注意,交易許可是免費的。但您可能需要簽署當地監管部門所要求的風險披露。如何請求交易許可
市場數據
如果想獲取某一特定產品/交易所的實時市場數據,您需要訂閱交易所收費的市場數據包。如何訂閱市場數據
市場數據助手會幫助您選擇正確的數據包。請觀看該視頻,其解釋了市場數據助手是如何工作的。
客戶可以通過從未訂閱的代碼行點擊免費延時數據按鈕選擇接收免費的延時市場數據。
顧問賬戶
請閱讀用戶指南顧問入門指南。在這裡,您可以看到如何向您的顧問賬戶創建其他使用者以及如何授予其訪問權限等等。

 

3. 如何交易
如果想學習如何使用我們的交易平台,您可以訪問交易者大學。在這裡您可以找到我們以10種語言提供的實時與錄製網研會以及有關交易平台的課程與文檔。
交易者工作站(TWS)
要求更高級交易工具的交易者可以使用我們做市商設計的交易者工作站(TWS)。TWS有著便於操作的電子表格式界面,可優化您的交易速度和效率,支持60多種定單類型,配備可適應任何交易風格的特定任務交易工具,并可實時監控賬戶餘額與活動。試試兩種不同模式:
魔方TWS:直觀可用性, 簡便的交易准入,定單管理,自選列表與圖表全部在一個窗口呈現。
標準模式TWS:為需要更高級工具與算法的交易者提供高級定單管理。
基本描述與信息 / 快速入門指南 / 用戶指南
互動課程:TWS基礎 / TWS設置 / 魔方TWS
如何下單交易:標準模式TWS視頻 / 魔方TWS視頻
交易工具:基本描述與信息用戶指南
要求:如何安裝適用於Windows的Java / 如何安裝適用於MAC的Java / 需打開端口4000和4001
登錄TWS / 下載TWS
網絡交易者(WebTrader)
偏好乾淨簡潔界面的交易者可以使用我們基於HTML的網絡交易者。網絡交易者便於查看市場數據、提交定單以及監控您的賬戶與執行。從各瀏覽器使用最新版本網絡交易者
快速入門指南 / 網絡交易者用戶指南
簡介:網絡交易者視頻
如何下單交易:網絡交易者視頻
登錄網絡交易者
移動交易者(MobileTrader)
我們的移動解決方案可供您隨時隨地用您的IB賬戶進行交易。IB TWS iOS版和IB TWS BlackBerry版是為這些型號定制設計的,而通用的移動交易者支持大多數其他職能手機。
基本描述與信息
定單類型 可用定單類型與描述 / 視頻 / 課程 / 用戶指南
模擬交易 基本描述與信息 / 如何獲得模擬交易賬戶
一旦您的模擬交易賬戶創建成功,您便可用模擬交易賬戶分享您真實賬戶的市場數據:賬戶管理 > 管理賬戶 > 設置 > 模擬交易

 
4. 在全球範圍進行交易
IB賬戶為多幣種賬戶。您的賬戶可以同時持有不同的貨幣,可供您從一個賬戶交易全球範圍內的多種產品。
基礎貨幣
您的基礎貨幣決定了您報表的轉換貨幣以及用於確定保證金要求的貨幣。基礎貨幣在您開立賬戶時決定。客戶隨時可通過賬戶管理改變其基礎貨幣。
我們不會自動將貨幣轉換為您的基礎貨幣
貨幣轉換必須由客戶手動完成。在該視頻中,您可以學習如何進行貨幣轉換。
要開倉以您賬戶所不持有之貨幣計價的頭寸,您可以有以下兩種選擇:
A) 貨幣轉換。
B) IB保證金貸款。(對現金賬戶不可用)
請查看該課程,其解釋了外匯交易方法。

 

5. 拓展您IB經驗的五個要點
1. 合約搜索
在這裡,您會找到我們的所有產品、代碼與說明。
2. IB知識庫
IB知識庫包含了一系列術語、指導性文章、錯誤排查技巧以及指南,旨在幫助IB客戶管理其IB賬戶。只需在搜索按鈕輸入您想要了解的內容,您便會得到答案。
3. 賬戶管理
我們的交易平台可供您訪問市場,賬戶管理則可供您訪問自己的IB賬戶。使用賬戶管理可管理賬戶相關任務,如存入或取出資金、查看您的報表、修改市場數據與新聞訂閱、更改交易許可并驗證或更改您的個人信息。
登錄賬戶管理 / 賬戶管理快速入門指南 / 賬戶管理用戶指南
4. 安全登錄系統
為向您提供最高級別的在線安全,盈透證券推出了安全登錄系統(SLS),通過安全登錄系統訪問賬戶需要進行雙因素驗證。雙因素驗證旨在于登錄時採用兩項安全因素確認您的身份:1) 您的用戶名與密碼組合;和2) 生成隨機、一次性安全代碼的安全設備。因為登錄賬戶需要既知曉您的用戶名/密碼又持有實物安全設備,所以參加安全登錄系統基本上可以杜絕除您以外的其他任何人訪問您賬戶的可能性。
如何激活您的安全設備 / 如何獲取安全代碼卡 / 如何退還安全設備
如果忘記密碼或丟失安全代碼卡,請聯繫我們獲取即時幫助。
5. 報表與報告
我們的報表與報告方便查看和進行自定義,覆蓋了您盈透賬戶的方方面面。如何查看活動報表

 

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